Born in 1877

Jan 1 Alexander von Staël-Holstein a German-baltic aristocrat, Russian and Estonian orientalist, sinologist, sanskritologist, specializing in Buddhist texts.
Jan 1 Gurie Grosu a Bessarabian priest and the first Metropolitan of Bessarabia.
Jan 2 Slava Raškaj a painter considered to be the greatest Croatian watercolorist of the late 19th and early 20th century. Deaf since birth, Raškaj was schooled in Vienna and Zagreb, where her mentor was the Croatian painter Bela Čikoš Sesija. In the 1890s her works were exhibited around Europe, including at the 1900 Expo in Paris. In her twenties Raškaj was diagnosed with acute depression and was institutionalised for the last three years of her life before dying in 1906 from tuberculosis in Zagreb. The value of her work was largely overlooked by art historians in the following decades, but in the late 1990s and early 2000s interest in her work was revived
Jan 2 Ricciotto Canudo an early Italian film theoretician who lived primarily in France. He saw cinema as "plastic art in motion". He gave cinema the label "the Seventh Art", which is still current in French
Jan 3 Josephine Hull an American stage and film actress who also was a director of plays. She had a successful 50-year career on stage while taking some of her better known roles to film. She won an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress for the movie Harvey , a role she originally played on the Broadway stage
Jan 4 Otto Herschmann a Jewish Austrian swimmer, fencer, lawyer, and sports official.
Jan 4 Marsden Hartley an American Modernist painter, poet, and essayist.
Jan 4 Gibson Gowland an English film actor.
Jan 5 Boris Babkin a Russian-born physiologist, who worked in Russia, England and Canada.
Jan 7 Margarete von Wrangell a Baltic German agricultural chemist and the first female full professor at a German university.
Jan 10 Elena Guro a Russian Futurist painter, playwright, poet, and writer of fiction.
Jan 12 Frank J. Corr served as acting mayor of Chicago, Illinois in 1933, following the assassination of Anton Cermak. Corr was a Democrat
Jan 15 Lewis Terman an American psychologist, noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. He is best known for his revision of the Stanford-Binet IQ test and for initiating the longitudinal study of children with high IQs called the Genetic Studies of Genius. He was a prominent eugenicist and was a member of the Human Betterment Foundation. He also served as president of the American Psychological Association
Jan 17 May Gibbs an English Australian children's author, illustrator, and cartoonist. She is best known for her gumnut babies , and the book Snugglepot and Cuddlepie
Jan 18 Karl Hans Strobl an Austrian author and editor. Strobl is best known for his horror and fantasy writings. Strobl was a member of the Nazi Party
Jan 18 Floris Stempel the first chairman ever in the history of football club Ajax Amsterdam.
Jan 18 Clarence McKerrow a Canadian athlete. McKerrow competed in lacrosse for Canada in the 1908 Summer Olympics. McKerrow also played ice hockey with the Montreal Hockey Club and won two Stanley Cup titles with the team; in 1895 as a player, and in 1902 as a trainer
Jan 18 Sam Zemurray a U.S. businessman who made his fortune in the banana trade. He founded the Cuyamel Fruit Company, and later became head of the United Fruit Company, the world's most influential fruit company at the time. Both companies played highly controversial roles in the history of several Latin American countries and had a significant influence on their economic and political development
Jan 18 Vladimir Gardin a pioneering Russian film director and actor who strove to raise the artistic level of Russian cinema.
Jan 19 Fráňa Šrámek a Czech anarchist, impressionist, and vitalist poet, novelist, and playwright.
Jan 20 Raymond Roussel a French poet, novelist, playwright, musician, and chess enthusiast. Through his novels, poems, and plays he exerted a profound influence on certain groups within 20th century French literature, including the Surrealists, Oulipo, and the authors of the nouveau roman
Jan 20 Carl Hans Lody a reserve officer of the Imperial German Navy who spied in the United Kingdom in the first few months of the First World War.
Jan 20 Lela Pandak Lam a Malay nationalist from Perak.
Jan 22 Hjalmar Schacht a German economist, banker, liberal politician, and co-founder in 1918 of the German Democratic Party. He served as the Currency Commissioner and President of the Reichsbank under the Weimar Republic. He was a fierce critic of his country's post-World War I reparation obligations
Jan 22 Bolesław Leśmian a Polish poet, artist and member of the Polish Academy of Literature. He was one of the most influential poets of the early 20th century in Poland, one of the best poets of 20th century and cousin of another notable poet of the epoch - Jan Brzechwa and a nephew of famous poet and writer of Young Poland - Antoni Lange
Jan 22 Tom Jones (baseball) an American first baseman in Major League Baseball. He played eight seasons in the American League with the Baltimore Orioles , Louis Browns , and Detroit Tigers. Born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania, he batted and threw right-handed
Jan 23 Patteson Womersley Nickalls an English polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for Great Britain.
Jan 26 Kees van Dongen a Dutch painter and one of the Fauves. He gained a reputation for his sensuous, at times garish, portraits
Jan 29 Stanislav Gustavovich Strumilin a Soviet economist. He played a leading role in the analysis of the planned economy of the Soviet type, including modeling, development of the five year plans and calculation of national income. His particular contributions include the "Strumilin index", a measure of labor productivity, and the "norm coefficient", relating to analysis of investment activity
Jan 29 Georges Catroux a French Army general and diplomat who served in both World War I and World War II, and served as Grand Chancellor of the Légion d'honneur from 1954 to 1969.
Feb 3 Giuseppe Becce an Italian-born film score composer who enriched the German cinema.
Feb 4 Eddie Cochems an American football player and coach. He played football for the University of Wisconsin from 1898 to 1901 and was the head football coach at North Dakota State , Clemson , Saint Louis University , and Maine. During his three years at Louis, he was the first football coach to build an offense around the forward pass, which became a legal play in the 1906 college football season. Using the forward pass, Cochems' 1906 team compiled an undefeated 11–0 record, led the nation in scoring, and outscored opponents by a combined score of 407 to 11. He is considered by some to be the "father of the forward pass" in American football
Feb 6 Derenik Demirchian an Armenian writer, novelist, poet, and translator as well as playwright.
Feb 6 Vilho Vauhkonen a Finnish sport shooter who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Feb 7 Camillo Caccia Dominioni an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Pontifical Household from 1921 to 1935, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935
Feb 7 G. H. Hardy an English mathematician, known for his achievements in number theory and mathematical analysis.
Feb 8 Albert Vögler a German liberal politician, industrialist and entrepreneur. He was a co-founder of the German People's Party, and an important executive in the munitions industry during the Second World War
Feb 8 Carl Tanzler a German-born radiologic technologist at the United States Marine Hospital in Key West, Florida who developed a morbid obsession for a young Cuban-American tuberculosis patient, Elena Milagro "Helen" de Hoyos , that carried on well after the disease had caused her death. In 1933, almost two years after her death, Tanzler removed Hoyos's body from its tomb, and lived with the corpse at his home for seven years until its discovery by Hoyos's relatives and authorities in 1940
Feb 12 Louis Renault (industrialist) a French industrialist, one of the founders of Renault and a pioneer of the automobile industry.
Feb 14 Edmund Landau a German mathematician who worked in the fields of number theory and complex analysis.
Feb 14 Greenleaf Whittier Pickard a United States radio pioneer. Pickard was a researcher in the early days of wireless. He was responsible for the development of the crystal detector, , a radio wave detector which was the central component in early radio receivers called crystal radios, which were the most widely used radio receivers until about 1920 and continued to be used until World War 2. He also experimented with antennas, radio wave propagation, and noise suppression. On August 30, 1906 he filed a patent for a silicon crystal detector, which was granted on November 20, 1906. Pickard's detector was revolutionary in that he found that a fine pointed wire known as a "cat's whisker," in delicate contact with a mineral produced the best semiconductor effect. On June 10, 1907, he filed a patent for a Magnetic Aerial which was granted on January 21, 1908. Pickard's loop antenna had directional properties that could be used to reduce interference to the intended wireless communications. Greenleaf Whittier Pickard was named after his great-uncle, the American Quaker John Greenleaf Whittier. Pickard was president of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1913
Feb 16 Isidora Sekulić a Serbian prose writer, novelist, essayist, adventurer, polyglot and art critic.
Feb 17 Isabelle Eberhardt a Swiss explorer and writer who lived and travelled extensively in North Africa. For her time she was a liberated individual who rejected conventional European morality in favour of her own path and that of Islam. She died in a flash-flood in the desert at the age of 27
Feb 17 Vladimir Minorsky a Russian Orientalist best known for his contributions to the study of Kurdish and Persian history, geography, literature, and culture.
Feb 17 André Maginot a French civil servant, soldier, and Member of Parliament. He is best known for his advocacy for the string of forts that would be known as the Maginot Line
Feb 19 Louis Aubert a French composer.
Feb 19 Gabriele Münter a German expressionist painter who was at the forefront of the Munich avant-garde in the early 20th century. Artists and writers associated with German Expressionism shared a rebellious attitude toward the materialism and mores of German imperial and bourgeois society. German Expressionistic art was an exegetic reaction against the ambiguities and formalism of pre-World War I society. Its radical art and avant-garde mentality sought to end the alienation of painting from society
Feb 19 George Melford an American stage and film actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.
Feb 19 Victor Willems a Belgian fencer. He won a bronze medal in the team épée event at the 1908 Summer Olympics and a gold in the same event at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Feb 21 Félix Paiva Paraguayan politician from the Liberal Party.