Died in 1877

Jan 2 Jonathan McCully thus considered one of the Fathers of Canadian Confederation. He did much to promote union through newspaper editorials. For his efforts, he received a Senate appointment. He later became a judge of the Nova Scotia Supreme Court
Jan 2 Alexander Bain (inventor) a Scottish inventor and engineer who was first to invent and patent the electric clock. He installed the railway telegraph lines between Edinburgh and Glasgow
Jan 3 Henry Monnier a French playwright, caricaturist and actor.
Jan 4 Cornelius Vanderbilt an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping. He was also the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family and one of the richest Americans in history. He provided the initial gift to found Vanderbilt University, which is named in his honor
Jan 5 Hermann Brockhaus a German Orientalist born in Amsterdam. He was a leading authority on Sanskrit and Persian languages. He was the son of publisher Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus and brother-in-law to composer Richard Wagner
Jan 5 Carl Timoleon von Neff an artist of Baltic German descent, from present-day Estonia.
Jan 5 Richard Cobbold a British writer.
Jan 9 Alexander Brullov a Russian artist associated with Russian Neoclassicism.
Jan 11 Janko Matúška a Slovak poet, activist, occasional playwright, and clerk of the court. He is best known as the author of the Slovak national anthem, Nad Tatrou sa blýska based on melody of Slovak folk song Kopala studienku
Jan 12 François Buloz a French littérateur, magazine editor, and theater administrator.
Jan 12 Wilhelm Hofmeister a German biologist and botanist. He "stands as one of the true giants in the history of biology and belongs in the same pantheon as Darwin and Mendel." He was largely self-taught
Jan 16 Alexander Levitov a Russian writer.
Jan 18 Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877) born on 3 February 1808 in Weimar. She was a princess of Saxe-Wiemar-Eisenach by birth, and by marriage a princess of Prussia. She was the daughter of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Jan 20 Pietro Magni (sculptor) an Italian sculptor. Born in Milan, he studied at that city's Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera before moving to the workshop of Abbondio Sangiorgio. Later in his career he became influenced by Tuscan sculptor Lorenzo Bartolini, whose work he first encountered in 1837. He traveled to study in Rome, joining Giuseppe Garibaldi in 1849. He is best known for his Girl Reading, first carved in 1856; today the original may be seen in Milan's Galleria d'Arte Moderna, while copies exist in numerous other museum collections. Among Magni's other works are a public monument to Leonardo da Vinci and several marble sculpture groups; he also executed statues for the Milan Cathedral in the 1860s
Jan 21 Fairfax Moresby a British naval officer.
Jan 22 Giuseppe De Notaris an Italian botanist generally known for his work with cryptogams native to Italy.
Jan 24 Johann Christian Poggendorff a German physicist born in Hamburg. By far the greater and more important part of his work related to electricity and magnetism. Poggendorff is known for his electrostatic motor which is analogous to Wilhelm Holtz's electrostatic machine. In 1841 he described the use of the potentiometer for measurement of electrical potentials without current draw
Jan 27 Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1846–1877) a German prince and a staff officer of Württemberg.
Jan 28 Kārlis Hūns a Baltic-German history, genre and landscape painter. His name is rendered in a confusing variety of ways, too numerous to list here
Feb 7 John O'Mahony a Gaelic scholar and the founding member of the Fenian Brotherhood in the United States, sister organisation to the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
Feb 8 Charles Wilkes an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 and commanded the ship in the Trent Affair during the American Civil War. Although credited with several "firsts", his behavior led to two convictions at court-martial
Feb 13 Costache Caragiale a Romanian actor and theatre manager who had an important role in the development of the Romanian theatre.
Feb 14 Nicolas Anne Théodule Changarnier born at Autun, Saône-et-Loire.
Feb 15 David Monro a New Zealand politician. He served as Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives from 1861 to 1870
Feb 15 Rayko Zhinzifov a Bulgarian National Revival poet and translator from Veles in today's Republic of Macedonia, who spent most of his life in the Russian Empire.
Feb 17 Salomon Hermann Mosenthal a writer, dramatist, and poet of German-Jewish descent who spent much of his life in Austria. He was also known for his opera libretti
Feb 18 Charles Henry Davis a Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, serving primarily during the American Civil War, and with the United States Coast Survey.
Feb 22 Eduard Gaertner a German painter who specialized in depictions of urban architecture.
Feb 25 Adolph von Steinwehr a German-Brunswick army officer who emigrated to the United States, became a geographer, cartographer, and author, and served as a Union general in the American Civil War.
Feb 25 Jung Bahadur Rana a ruler of Nepal and founder of the Rana dynasty of Nepal. His real name was Bir Narsingh Kunwar but he became famous by the name Jung Bahadur, given to him by Mathebar Thapa, his maternal uncle
Mar 1 Antoni Patek a Polish pioneer in watchmaking and a creator of Patek Philippe & Co., one of the most famous watchmaker companies.
Mar 6 Joseph Autran a French poet.
Mar 8 Jean Armand Isidore Pancher a French gardener and botanist.
Mar 14 Juan Manuel de Rosas a politician, army officer and caudillo who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Although born into a wealthy family, Rosas worked hard and independently amassed a personal fortune, acquiring huge grants of lands in the process. As was common in his era, Rosas formed a private militia, enlisting his workers, and took part in the factious disputes that had led to endless civil wars in his country. Victorious in warfare, and having acquired influence, vast landholdings and a private army loyal exclusively to himself, Rosas became the quintessential caudillo, as provincial warlords in the region were known. He eventually reached the rank of brigadier general, the highest in the Argentine army, and became the indisputable leader of the Federalist Party
Mar 16 Bede Polding (bishop) the first Roman Catholic Bishop and then Archbishop of Sydney, Australia.
Mar 18 Emory Washburn a United States lawyer, politician, and historian. He was Governor of Massachusetts for one term , and served for many years on the faculty of Harvard Law School. His history of the early years of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court is still considered a foundational work on the subject
Mar 18 Edward Belcher a Nova Scotian, British naval officer and explorer. He was the great-grandson of Governor Jonathan Belcher. His wife, Diana Jolliffe, was the stepdaughter of Captain Peter Heywood
Mar 20 Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine the second son of Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and Wilhelmine of Baden.
Mar 23 Caroline Unger an Austro-Hungarian contralto, alternatively known as Karoline, Carolina, and Carlotta.
Mar 24 John Forster FitzGerald a soldier from Ireland who served as an officer in the British Army. He fought in the Peninsular War, seeing action at the Battle of Badajoz, the Battle of Salamanca and the Battle of Vitoria and commanding a brigade during the Battle of the Pyrenees before being captured by the French Army. He became Commandant of Quebec and then went on to be Commandant of Montreal. He was given command of the 20th Regiment of Foot in Bombay before being given a divisional command in the Madras Army but shortly afterwards transferring to Bombay where he was given a divisional command of the Bombay Army. He later became a Liberal Member of Parliament
Mar 24 Walter Bagehot a British journalist, businessman, and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, and literature.
Mar 28 Kalulu an African personal servant and adopted child of the explorer and journalist Henry Morton Stanley. Kalulu died young but in his short life he visited Europe, America and the Seychelles. He had a book dedicated to him, a model in Madame Tussauds, and was a guest at Livingstone's funeral
Mar 29 Inazuma Raigorō a sumo wrestler from Inashiki, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 7th yokozuna. Inazuma means lightning in Japanese
Mar 29 Alexander Braun a German botanist from Regensburg, Bavaria. His research centered on the morphology of plants
Mar 31 Jean Baptiste Madou a Belgian painter and lithographer.
Mar 31 Antoine Augustin Cournot a French philosopher and mathematician.
Apr 7 Errico Petrella an Italian opera composer.
Apr 13 Johann Adam Heckel a German instrument maker. He founded the family firm in Wiesbaden-Biebrich in 1831, and became the foremost German bassoon maker, making many improvements to the instrument. His company, Wilhelm Heckel GmbH, is still regarded as one of the top makers of bassoons in the world today. The company also makes contrabassoons and heckelphones
Apr 14 Konstantin Bernhard von Voigts-Rhetz a Prussian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-Prussian War.
Apr 17 David Spence (VC) a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.