1877 events in history

Jan 1 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India
Jan 8 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle against the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain, Montana Territory
Jan 20 Last day of the Constantinople Conference which resulted in agreement for political reforms in the Balkans
Jan 22 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices
Feb 20 Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake receives its première performance at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow
Mar 2 U.S. presidential election, 1876: Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876
Mar 15 First ever official cricket test match is played: Australia vs England at the MCG Stadium, in Melbourne, Australia
Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents that responded to the Saigō army in Ōita Nakatsu, rebels
Apr 12 The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal
Apr 24 Russo-Turkish War: Russian Empire declares war on Ottoman Empire
May 3 Labatt Park, the oldest continually operating baseball grounds in the world has its first game
May 5 American Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles
May 6 Chief Crazy Horse of the Oglala Sioux surrenders to United States troops in Nebraska
May 8 At Gilmore's Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens
May 9 Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania
May 9 A magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Peru kills 2,541, including some as far away as Hawaii and Japan
May 10 Romania declares itself independent from the Ottoman Empire following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogălniceanu's Declaration of Independence. Recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence
May 16 May 1877 political crisis in France
Jun 15 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy
Jun 17 American Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeat the U.S. Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory
Jun 20 Alexander Graham Bell installs the world's first commercial telephone service in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Jun 21 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants convicted of murder, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons
Jul 9 The inaugural Wimbledon Championships begins
Jul 10 The then-villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain
Jul 14 The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 begins in Martinsburg, West Virginia, US, when Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers have their wages cut for the second time in a year
Jul 21 After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia
Aug 9 Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole – A small band of Nez Percé Indians clash with the United States Army
Aug 12 Asaph Hall discovers the Mars moon Deimos
Aug 18 Asaph Hall discovers Martian moon Phobos
Sep 5 American Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska
Sep 24 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
Oct 5 Chief Joseph surrenders his Nez Perce band to General Nelson A. Miles
Oct 22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners
Nov 21 Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound
Nov 29 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph for the first time