Born in 1878

Jan 1 Peyo Yavorov a Bulgarian Symbolist poet. He was considered to be one of the finest poetic talents in the fin de siècle Kingdom of Bulgaria. Yavorov was a prominent member of the "Misal" literary and cultural group. His life and work are closely connected with the liberation movement Internal Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization in Macedonia. He was also a supporter of the Armenian Independence Movement, and wrote a number of poems about Armenians
Jan 1 Agner Krarup Erlang a Danish mathematician, statistician and engineer, who invented the fields of traffic engineering and queueing theory.
Jan 1 Edwin Franko Goldman one of America's prominent band composers of the early 20th century. He composed over 150 works, but is best known for his marches. He founded the renowned Goldman Band of New York City and the American Bandmasters Association. Goldman's works are characterized by their pleasant and catchy tunes, as well as their fine trios and solos. He also encouraged audiences to whistle/hum along to his marches. He wrote singing and whistling into the score of "On the Mall"
Jan 1 André Savignon a French author.
Jan 2 Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai a social reformer and a freedom fighter from the State of Kerala, India. He is recognised as the founder of the Nair Service Society, which claims to represent the Nair community that constitutes almost 14.5% of the population of the state. Padmanabhan is considered as a visionary reformer who organised the Nair community under the NSS
Jan 4 Rosa Grünberg a Swedish actress and opera soprano singer. She was considered one of the Swedish opera scenes prima donnas
Jan 4 Augustus John a Welsh painter, draughtsman, and etcher. For a short time around 1910, he was an important exponent of Post-Impressionism in the United Kingdom
Jan 4 A. E. Coppard an English writer, noted for his influence on the short story form, and poet.
Jan 6 Adeline Genée a Danish/British ballet dancer.
Jan 6 Carl Sandburg an American writer and editor best known for poetry. He won three Pulitzer Prizes, two for his poetry and one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln. L. Mencken called Sandburg "indubitably an American in every pulse-beat"
Jan 9 John B. Watson an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism. Watson promoted a change in psychology through his address Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it, which was given at Columbia University in 1913. Through his behaviorist approach, Watson conducted research on animal behavior, child rearing, and advertising. In addition, he conducted the controversial "Little Albert" experiment. He was also editor of Psychological Review from 1910 to 1915
Jan 10 John McLean (athlete) an All-American college football player, track and field athlete, and coach. He won a silver medal in the 110 metre hurdles at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris with a time of 15.5 seconds. He was also selected as an All-American football player in 1899 while playing for the University of Michigan. He went on to coach the Knox College and University of Missouri football teams in the 1900s. He was dismissed from his coaching position at Missouri in January 1906 after being accused of paying money to a player
Jan 10 August Adriaan Pulle a Dutch professor and botanist. He made important contributions to knowledge of the Flora of Suriname and the island of New Guinea
Jan 11 Theodoros Pangalos (general) a Greek soldier, politician and dictator. A distinguished staff officer and an ardent Venizelist and anti-royalist, Pangalos played a leading role in the September 1922 revolt that deposed King Constantine I and in the establishment of the Second Hellenic Republic. In June 1925 Pangalos staged a bloodless coup, and his assumption of power was recognized by the National Assembly which named him Prime Minister. As a "constitutional dictator" he ruled the country until his overthrow in August 1926. From April 1926 until his deposition, he also occupied the office of President of the Republic
Jan 12 Ferenc Molnár a Hungarian-born dramatist and novelist who adopted American citizenship. Molnár was born in Budapest. He emigrated to the United States to escape persecution of Hungarian Jews during World War II
Jan 13 Vasily Shulgin a Russian conservative politician and member of the White movement.
Jan 13 Chen Jiongming a revolutionary figure in the early periods of the Republic of China. Chen Jiongming was born in 1878 at Haifeng, Guangdong, China
Jan 13 Geert Lotsij a Dutch rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Lionel Groulx a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, historian and Quebec nationalist.
Jan 14 Victor Segalen a French naval doctor, ethnographer, archeologist, writer, poet, explorer, art-theorist, linguist and literary critic.
Jan 15 Johanna Müller-Hermann an Austrian composer and pedagogue. She studied under Alexander von Zemlinsky, and was one of the foremost European female composers of orchestral and chamber music in her day. She wrote an oratorio, In Memoriam, to a text by Walt Whitman, and a symphonic fantasy on the Ibsen play Brand
Jan 16 Harry Carey (actor) an American actor and one of silent film's earliest superstars. He was the father of Harry Carey Jr., who was also a prominent actor
Jan 17 Burt McKinnie an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 18 Thomas Edward Campbell the second governor of the state of Arizona, United States. He is the first Republican and first native-born governor elected after Arizona achieved statehood in 1912
Jan 19 Herbert Chapman an English association football player and manager. Though he had an undistinguished playing career, he went on to become one of the most successful and influential managers in early 20th-century English football, before his sudden death in 1934. Football-historically he is most notable as creator of the WM-formation
Jan 20 Finlay Currie a Scottish actor of stage, screen, and television.
Jan 22 Constance Collier an English stage and film actress and acting coach.
Jan 23 Oton Župančič a Slovene poet, translator and playwright. He is regarded, alongside Ivan Cankar, Dragotin Kette and Josip Murn, as the beginner of modernism in Slovene literature. In the period following World War I, Župančič was frequently regarded as the greatest Slovenian poet after Prešeren, but in the last forty years his influence has been declining and his poetry has lost much of its initial appeal
Jan 25 Charles Hefferon a South African athlete who competed mainly in the Marathon. Hefferon was born in Berkshire in England, and settled in South Africa after fighting in the Boer War. He worked as a prison officer
Jan 25 Ernst Alexanderson a Swedish-American electrical engineer, who was a pioneer in radio and television development. He invented the Alexanderson alternator, an early radio transmitter used between 1906 and the 1930s for longwave long distance radio transmission
Jan 28 Frederick Humphreys (athlete) a British tug of war competitor and sport wrestler who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, in the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. He was also a constable in the City of London Police, collar number 970, as were two of his brothers
Jan 28 João Pessoa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque the governor of Paraíba between 1928 and 1930.
Jan 29 Carl Eduard Hellmayr an Austrian ornithologist.
Jan 29 John Cregan (athlete) an early twentieth century American athlete who specialised in the 800 metres. He participated in Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the Silver medal in the Men's 800 metres event
Jan 29 Barney Oldfield an American automobile racer and pioneer. He was the first man to drive a car at 60 miles per hour on an oval. His accomplishments led to the expression "Who do you think you are? Barney Oldfield?"
Jan 30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare considered one of the major works of Estonian literature and "The Estonian Novel".
Feb 1 Thomas MacDonagh an Irish political activist, poet, playwright, educationalist and revolutionary leader. He was one of the seven leaders of the Easter Rising of 1916, a signatory of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic and Commandant of the 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade of the Irish Volunteers, which fought in Jacob's biscuit factory. He was executed for his part in the Rising at the age of thirty-eight
Feb 1 Charles Tate Regan a British ichthyologist, working mainly around the beginning of the 20th century. He did extensive work on fish classification schemes
Feb 1 Franciszek Pius Radziwiłł a Polish noble and political acitvist. Director of the Military Commission in the Provisional Council of State and in the government of Jan Kanty Steczkowski in 1918
Feb 1 George Campbell (lacrosse) a Canadian dentist and lacrosse player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 1 Milan Hodža a prominent Slovak politician and journalist, serving from 1935 to 1938 as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. As a proponent of regional integration, he was famous for his attempts to establish a democratic federation of Central European states
Feb 1 Alfréd Hajós a Hungarian swimmer and architect. He was the first modern Olympic swimming champion and the first Olympic champion of Hungary. No other swimmer ever won such a high fraction of all Olympic events at a single Games
Feb 2 Sergey Chekhonin a Russian graphic artist, portrait miniaturist, ceramicist, and illustrator.
Feb 2 Joe Lydon (boxer) an American welterweight boxer who competed in the early twentieth century.
Feb 3 Ignatius Stelletskii a Russian and Soviet archaeologist, historian, and researcher of the underground tunnels of Moscow. He was known to make searches for the library of Ivan the Terrible all throughout his life. He is considered to be the founder of the Urban exploration movement in Russia
Feb 3 Gordon Coates Joseph Gordon Coates, MC and bar served as the 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1925 to 1928.
Feb 4 Louis Camille Maillard a French physician and chemist.
Feb 4 Grigory Petrovsky one of the most prominent Russian revolutionaries of Ukrainian origin, He also was participant of signing two of the most important documents in the Soviet history: the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, as well as one of organizers of the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine.
Feb 5 André Citroën a French industrialist. He is remembered chiefly for the make of car named after him, but also for his application of double helical gears
Feb 5 Jean Becquerel a French physicist, and son of Antoine-Henri Becquerel. He worked on the optical and magnetic properties of crystals, discovering the rotation of the plane of polarisation by a magnetic field. He also published a textbook on relativity. In 1909, he became the fourth in his family to occupy the physics chair at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, following in the footsteps of his father, his grandfather E. Becquerel and his great-grandfather Antoine César Becquerel