Born in 1879

Jan 1 William Fox (producer) a pioneering American motion picture executive, who founded the Fox Film Corporation in 1915 and the Fox West Coast Theatres chain in the 1920s. Although, in 1936, Fox sold his interest in these companies to settle bankruptcy, his name lives on in the names of various media ventures which are currently owned by Rupert Murdoch, most notably the Fox TV network, Fox News Channel, 20th Century Fox, and 21st Century Fox
Jan 1 Mieczysława Ćwiklińska a Polish film actress, stage actor, and singer. She was often nicknamed Lińska or Amiette
Jan 1 E. M. Forster an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist. He is known best for his ironic and well-plotted novels examining class difference and hypocrisy in early 20th-century British society. Forster's humanistic impulse toward understanding and sympathy may be aptly summed up in the epigraph to his 1910 novel Howards End: "Only connect... ". His 1908 novel, A Room with a View, is his most optimistic work, while A Passage to India brought him his greatest success
Jan 1 Leon Tourian the primate of the Eastern Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America. He was assassinated in New York City by his political opponents
Jan 1 Petar Živković a Serbian soldier and political figure in Yugoslavia. He was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from January 7, 1929 until April 4, 1932
Jan 1 Ernest Jones a British neurologist and psychoanalyst, and Sigmund Freud's official biographer. Jones was the first English-speaking practitioner of psychoanalysis and became its leading exponent in the English-speaking world. As President of both the British Psycho-Analytical Society and the International Psychoanalytic Association in the 1920s and 1930s, Jones exercised a formative influence in the establishment of its organisations, institutions and publications
Jan 2 Rudolf Bauer (athlete) a Hungarian athlete and the winner of the gold medal in the men's discus throw at the 1900 Summer Olympics. He won with 36.04 metres, a new Olympic record
Jan 3 Grace Coolidge the wife of Calvin Coolidge and First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929. She contributed greatly to her husband's rise to office, balancing his natural shyness with her own outgoing style. She was an exceptionally popular White House hostess
Jan 5 Marcel Tournier a French harpist, composer, and pedagogue who composed important solo repertory for the harp that expanded the technical and harmonic possibilities of the instrument. His works are regularly performed in concert and recorded by professional harpists, and they are often test pieces for harp-performance competitions. A student of Alphonse Hasselmans at the Paris Conservatory, Tournier won the Second Grand Prize of the Prix de Rome in 1909. He also won the Rossini Prize for Laura et Petrarch
Jan 6 Émile Argand a Swiss geologist.
Jan 7 John Bissinger an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 8 Charles Bryant (actor) a British actor and film director.
Jan 10 Pavel Voyloshnikov a Russian sport shooter who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 John Symes an English cricket player. He represented the gold medal winning Great Britain cricket team at the 1900 Summer Olympics, the only time cricket has featured in the Olympics. In the only match against France, he scored 15 runs in Great Britain's first innings and just one run in the second. Symes served in the First World War and was awarded the OBE in 1919
Jan 12 Ray Harroun an American racecar driver most famous for winning the inaugural Indianapolis 500 in 1911.
Jan 12 Volodymyr Sinclair a Ukrainian military leader, general of the Russian army, and general of the Ukrainian People's Army.
Jan 12 Paul Guthnick a German astronomer.
Jan 12 Anton Uesson an Estonian politician and engineer.
Jan 15 Mazo de la Roche the author of the Jalna novels, one of the most popular series of books of her time.
Jan 16 August Erker an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 16 Luigi Frusci an officer in the Italian Royal Army during World War II.
Jan 16 Aleksei Fyodorovich Goncharov a Russian chess master.
Jan 16 Mikhail Berens an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and the White Navy during the Russian Civil War.
Jan 18 Romeo Bosetti an Italian-born French actor and screenwriter.
Jan 18 Tane Ikai a Japanese supercentenarian who was, at her death, the oldest person ever from Japan. She was the first person from Japan verified to have celebrated a 116th birthday
Jan 18 Henri Giraud a French general who was captured in both World Wars, but escaped both times.
Jan 19 Guido Fubini an Italian mathematician, known for Fubini's theorem and the Fubini–Study metric.
Jan 19 Boris Savinkov a Russian writer and revolutionary terrorist. As one of the leaders of the Fighting Organisation of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, he was responsible for the most spectacular assassinations of imperial officials in 1904 and 1905
Jan 19 Simeon Radev a Bulgarian writer, journalist, diplomat and historian most famous for his three-volume book The Builders of Modern Bulgaria.
Jan 20 C. H. Douglas Major Clifford Hugh "C. H." Douglas MIMechE, MIEE , was a British engineer and pioneer of the Social Credit economic reform movement
Jan 21 Joseph Roffo a French rugby union player and tug of war competitor, who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 22 Francis Picabia a French avant-garde painter, poet and typographist. After experimenting with Impressionism and pointillism, Picabia became associated with Cubism. His highly abstract planar compositions were colourful and rich in contrasts. He was one of the early major figures of the Dada movement in the United States and in France. His was later briefly associated with Surrealism, but would soon turn his back on the art establishment
Jan 23 Evan Noel an English rackets player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for Great Britain.
Jan 23 Walther Bauersfeld a German engineer, employed by the Zeiss Corporation, who, on a suggestion by the German astronomer Max Wolf, started work on the first projection planetarium in 1912. This work was stopped by military needs during World War I, but resumed after the war. Bauersfeld completed the first planetarium, known as the Zeiss I model in 1923, and it was initially placed on the roof of a Zeiss building in the corporate headquarters town of Jena. This model projected 4,900 stars, and was limited to showing the sky only from Jena's latitude. Subsequently, Bauersfeld developed the Model 2 with 8,956 stars, and full latitude capability. Over a dozen were installed before World War II again suspended planetarium work. These inter-war planetariums were built in Berlin and Düsseldorf in Germany, as well as Rome, Paris, Chicago, Los Angeles and New York. The Zeiss I planetarium in Jena is also considered the first geodesic dome derived from the icosahedron, more than 20 years before Buckminster Fuller reinvented and popularized this design
Jan 24 Stanyslav Lyudkevych a Ukrainian composer, theorist, teacher, and musical activist. He was the People's Artist of the USSR in 1969. He earned a Ph.D. in musicology in Vienna, 1908. His name may alternatively be spelled as Stanislaw Ludkiewicz or Stanislav Filipovich Ludkevich
Jan 25 Antonio Sciortino a Maltese sculptor whose work reflects several artistic movements, including Realism and Futurism, as well as the influence of Auguste Rodin. He studied and worked in Rome. He developed an original style which drew the admiration of many and brought him commissions in Russia, Brazil and the USA. Sciortino was a director in the Accademia Britannica in Rome , and from 1937 until his death he was a curator in the Malta Museum of Fine Arts
Jan 25 Dave Nourse a cricketer who played for Natal, Transvaal, Western Province and South Africa.
Jan 27 Beatrice Hastings the pen name of Emily Alice Haigh an English writer, poet and literary critic. Much of her work was published in The New Age under a variety of pseudonyms, and she lived with the editor, R. Orage, for a time before the outbreak of the First World War. Bisexual, she was a friend and lover of Katherine Mansfield, whose work was first published in The New Age. Another of her lovers was Wyndham Lewis
Jan 27 Pavel Bazhov a Russian writer.
Jan 27 Ruth St. Denis a modern dance pioneer, introducing eastern ideas into the art. She was the co-founder of the American Denishawn School of Dance and the teacher of several notable performers
Jan 28 Harry Kerr (racewalker) a New Zealand athlete who competed mainly in walking events.
Jan 29 Hans Sydow a German mycologist, son of Paul Sydow.
Feb 1 Georgy Chulkov a Russian Symbolist poet, editor, writer and critic. In 1906 he created and popularized the theory of Mystical Anarchism
Feb 1 Mykola Kapustiansky a General in the army of the Ukrainian National Republic and one of the founders of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. Kapustiansky was born in Kateryunoslav gubernia in central Ukraine, then part of the Russian Empire. He fought in the Russian-Japanese War and in 1912 graduated from the General Staff Academy in Saint Petersburg, reaching the rank of colonel during the First World War. After the Revolution of 1917 Kapustiansky joined the Ukrainian units of the Russian army and rose rapidly in its ranks, becoming chief of staff of the First Division of the First Ukrainian Corps in August 1917, and in early 1918 chief of staff of the southwestern front. Under the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic, he served as operations chief and then as general quartermaster of the Army of the Ukrainian National Republic. In 1920 he was promoted to brigadier general
Feb 1 Joseph Dowler a British tug of war competitor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Feb 2 Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg a member of the House of Holstein-Gottorp. She was the only surviving child of Frederick Augustus II, Grand Duke of Oldenburg by his first wife Princess Elisabeth Anna of Prussia
Feb 4 Jacques Copeau an influential French theatre director, producer, actor, and dramatist born in Paris. Before he founded his famous Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier in Paris, he wrote theatre reviews for several Parisian journals, worked at the Georges Petit Gallery where he organized exhibits of artists' works and helped found the Nouvelle Revue Française in 1909, along with writer friends, such as André Gide and Jean Schlumberger. He eventually organized a theatre school attached to his theatre and thus influenced the development of theatre through the training of the actor. Twentieth century French theatre is marked by Copeau's outlook. According to Albert Camus, "in the history of the French theatre, there are two periods: before Copeau and after Copeau."
Feb 5 Pinhas Rutenberg a Russian-born Zionist, businessman, and Jewish Nationalist in Mandatory Palestine. He played an active role in two Russian revolutions, in 1905 and 1917. During World War I, he was among the founders of the Jewish Legion and of the American Jewish Congress. Later, through his connections in Palestine, he managed to obtain a concession for production and distribution of electric power and founded the Palestine Electric Company, currently the Israel Electric Corporation. A vocal and committed Jewish Nationalist, Rutenberg also participated in establishing the Haganah, the main Jewish militia in pre-war Palestine, and founded Palestine Airways. He subsequently served as a President of the Jewish National Council
Feb 5 Sandy Cowan a Canadian lacrosse player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 5 Hovannes Adamian an Armenian and Soviet engineer, an author of more than 20 inventions. The first experimental color television was shown in London in 1928 based on Adamian's tricolor principle, and he is recognized as one of the founders of color television