Died in 1879

Jan 2 Caleb Cushing an American diplomat who served as a U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts and Attorney General under President Franklin Pierce
Jan 5 Nikolai Ishutin one of the first Russian utopian socialists, who combined socialist propaganda with conspiratorial and terrorist tactics.
Jan 8 Baldomero Espartero Prince of Vergara a Spanish general and political figure. He was associated with the radical wing of Spanish liberalism and would become their symbol and champion after taking credit for the victory over the Carlists in 1839. His noble titles, Duke of La Victoria were granted by Isabella II to him as a result. The title Prince of Vergara was granted to him by King Amadeo of Spain in 1870
Jan 10 Jacob Bigelow an American physician and botanist. He was architect of Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the father of physician Henry Jacob Bigelow
Jan 12 Auguste Ambroise Tardieu a French medical doctor and the pre-eminent forensic medical scientist of the mid-19th century.
Jan 13 Eduard Kurzbauer an Austrian painter. Some sources give Lemberg as his place of birth
Jan 13 Jakob Dubs a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council. Along with Gustave Moynier and Guillaume-Henri Dufour, he founded the Swiss Red Cross in July of 1866, and served as its first President until 1872
Jan 14 Nikolay Motovilov a Russian landowner, Justice of the Peace, businessman and Fool for Christ. He is primarily known as the first biographer of Saint Seraphim of Sarov. In Russian Orthodox tradition he is often referred as the Servant to Seraphim and the Theotokos
Jan 14 Prince Henry of the Netherlands (governor) the third son of King William II of the Netherlands and his wife, Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. He was born at Soestdijk Palace
Jan 16 Octave Crémazie a French Canadian poet and bookseller born in Quebec City. Recognized both during and after his lifetime for his patriotic verse and his significant role in the cultural development of Quebec, Crémazie has been called "the father of French Canadian poetry."
Jan 21 Lyuben Karavelov a Bulgarian writer and an important figure of the Bulgarian National Revival.
Jan 22 Anthony Durnford a career British Army officer of the Royal Engineers who served in the Anglo-Zulu War. Breveted colonel, Durnford is mainly known for his presence at the defeat of the British Army by the Zulus at the Battle of Isandlwana
Jan 22 Henry Pulleine an administrator and commander in the British Army in the Cape Frontier and Anglo-Zulu Wars. He held the acting rank of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel
Jan 23 Adolf Jensen a German pianist, composer and music teacher, and was the brother of Gustav Jensen who was a violinist and composer.
Jan 26 Julia Margaret Cameron a British photographer. She became known for her portraits of celebrities of the time, and for photographs with Arthurian and other legendary or heroic themes
Jan 31 Takahashi Oden a female Japanese murderer known for killing a man, and being the last woman in Japan to be put to death by beheading. She was also suspected of poisoning her husband. The movie Dokufu Oden Takahashi is based on her life. Director Shōgorō Nishimura's Roman porno film Crimson Night Dream also depicts Takahashi
Feb 6 Miķelis Krogzemis a Latvian poet and prominent member of the Young Latvians movement.
Feb 7 William H. Wallace an important figure in the early histories of two U.S. states, serving as governor and Congressional delegate from both Washington Territory and Idaho Territory.
Feb 10 Honoré Daumier a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
Feb 10 Paul Gervais a French palaeontologist and entomologist.
Feb 14 Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy a French journalist. The son of Antoine-Isaac Silvestre de Sacy , he was from 1828 to 1877 a literary and political contributor to Journal des Débats. He became a curator at the Bibliothèque Mazarine in 1836 and became its administrator in 1848. He was elected to the Académie française on 18 May 1854, and became a senator in 1865
Feb 16 Frederick Smith (entomologist) a British entomologist.
Feb 18 Robert H. Chilton an officer in the U.S. Army and then a Brigadier General in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He served as Chief of Staff for the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert Lee for much of the war
Feb 21 Sher Ali Khan Amir of Afghanistan from 1863 to 1866 and from 1868 until his death in 1879. He was the third son of Dost Mohammed Khan, founder of the Barakzai Dynasty in Afghanistan
Feb 22 Saint-René Taillandier a French writer and critic.
Feb 23 Albrecht von Roon a Prussian soldier and statesman. As Minister of War from 1859 to 1873, Roon, along with Otto von Bismarck and Helmuth von Moltke, was a dominating figure in Prussia's government during the key decade of the 1860s, when a series of successful wars against Denmark, Austria and France led to German unification under Prussia's leadership. A conservative and reactionary supporter of the monarchy, he was an avid modernizer who worked to improve the efficiency of the army
Feb 24 Shiranui Kōemon a sumo wrestler from Kikuchi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 11th yokozuna
Feb 25 Charles Peace a notorious English burglar and murderer from Sheffield, whose somewhat remarkable life later spawned dozens of romanticised novels and films. Peace is mentioned by name in the Sherlock Holmes short story, The Adventure of the Illustrious Client and in Mark Twain's Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven
Feb 27 Grand Duke Vyacheslav Constantinovich of Russia a Romanov grand duke and the youngest son of Grand Duke Constantine Nicholaevich of Russia and his wife Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna. The English form of his first name is Wenceslas
Mar 1 Joachim Heer a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Mar 2 Jules Bastide a French politician.
Mar 3 William Kingdon Clifford an English mathematician and philosopher. Building on the work of Hermann Grassmann, he introduced what is now termed geometric algebra, a special case of the Clifford algebra named in his honour. The operations of geometric algebra have the effect of mirroring, rotating, translating, and mapping the geometric objects that are being modelled to new positions. Clifford algebras in general and geometric algebra in particular, have been of ever increasing importance to mathematical physics, geometry, and computing. Clifford was the first to suggest that gravitation might be a manifestation of an underlying geometry. In his philosophical writings he coined the expression "mind-stuff"
Mar 4 László Paál a Hungarian Impressionist landscape painter.
Mar 5 Rosalie von Rauch a German noblewoman and since 1853, Countess of Hohenau.
Mar 10 Vasily Sadovnikov a Russian painter, and a leading Russian master of perspective painting.
Mar 13 Adolf Anderssen a German chess master. He is considered to have been the world's leading chess player for much of the 1850s and 1860s. He was quite soundly defeated by Paul Morphy who toured Europe in 1858, but Morphy retired from chess soon after and Anderssen was again considered the leading player
Mar 17 Ludwig Reichenbach a German botanist and ornithologist.
Mar 21 Lewis R. Bradley an American politician. He was the second Governor of Nevada in the United States from 1871 to 1879. He was a member of the Democratic Party
Mar 23 Paul of Taganrog The Blessed starets Saint Paul of Taganrog dramatically influenced the belief in God and spiritual outlook of inhabitants of Taganrog, Don Land, South of Russia and Ukraine. A plain layman, who lived in Taganrog in the 19th century, he conciliated love and worship of Russian Orthodox Christians, who flowed to him for a piece of advice and spiritual support
Mar 24 Juan Antonio Pezet a Peruvian military officer and politician who served in the positions of Secretary of War, Vice President and President of Peru during his life. As President, his moderate and cautious attitude towards the occupation of the Chincha Islands by a Spanish Fleet in 1864 was used as an excuse to launch a military uprising that drove him out of power
Mar 24 Karl Karmarsch an Austrian-born German educator, founding director of the Polytechnic School in Hanover, later to become the University of Hannover.
Mar 25 Georg Friedrich Schömann a German classical scholar of Swedish heritage.
Mar 26 John Milton Elliott an American lawyer and politician from Prestonsburg, Kentucky. He represented Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives from 1853 until 1857 and served in the First Confederate Congress during the American Civil War
Mar 27 Hércules Florence a French-Brazilian painter and inventor, known as the isolate inventor of photography in Brazil, three years before Daguerre , using the matrix negative/positive, still in use. According to Kossoy, who examined Florence's notes, he referred to his process, in French, as photographie in 1834, at least four years before John Herschel coined the English word photography
Mar 27 Prince Waldemar of Prussia (1868–1879) the sixth child of Crown Prince Friedrich , and Victoria, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of the Queen Victoria.
Mar 30 Thomas Couture an influential French history painter and teacher. Couture taught such later luminaries of the art world as Édouard Manet, Henri Fantin-Latour, John La Farge, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Karel Javůrek, and J-N Sylvestre
Apr 4 Heinrich Wilhelm Dove a Prussian physicist and meteorologist. He was the father of Alfred and Richard Dove
Apr 8 Anthony Panizzi a naturalised British librarian of Italian birth and an Italian patriot.
Apr 8 Nikolai Zaremba a Russian musical theorist, teacher and composer. His most famous student was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who became his pupil 1861. Others included Dostojevsky's nephews, the children of his brother Mikhail and Vasily Safonov. Until 2010 almost nobody knew what he had composed
Apr 9 Ernst Richter a German musical theorist, born at Großschönau, Saxony.