Born in 1880

Jan 1 Ernest Townsend a portrait artist from Derby in England.
Jan 1 Hajime Sugiyama a field marshal who served as successively as chief of the Army General Staff, and minister of war in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II between 1937 and 1944. As War Minister in 1937, he was one of the principal architects of the China Incident or second Sino-Japanese War. Later, as Army Chief of Staff in 1940 and 1941, he was a leading advocate of expansion into Southeast Asia and later preventive war against the United States
Jan 1 Elmer McCurdy an Oklahoma outlaw whose mummified body was discovered in The Pike amusement zone in Long Beach, California, in December 1976.
Jan 1 Vajiravudh the sixth monarch of Siam under the House of Chakri, ruling from 1910 until his death. King Vajiravudh is known for his efforts to create and promote Siamese nationalism. His reign was characterized by Siam's movement further towards democracy and minimal participation in World War I
Jan 2 Vasily Degtyaryov a Russian weapons designer, Major General of the Engineering and Artillery Service, Doctor of Technical Sciences , and Hero of Socialist Labor. He became a CPSU member in 1941
Jan 2 Louis Charles Breguet a French aircraft designer and builder, one of the early aviation pioneers.
Jan 3 Mohammed Alim Khan the last emir representative of the Uzbek dynasty of Turkic of the Manghud, the last ruling dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara in Central Asia. Although Bukhara was a protectorate of the Russian Empire from 1873, the Emir presided over the internal affairs of his emirate as absolute monarch and reigned from 3 January 1911 to 30 August 1920
Jan 3 Francis Browne Rev. Francis Mary Hegarty Browne, SJ, MC with Bar, Croix de Guerre was a distinguished Irish Jesuit and a prolific photographer. His best known photographs are those of the RMS Titanic and its passengers and crew taken shortly before its sinking in 1912
Jan 4 Mike Merlo a Chicago political figure and "fixer" associated in his later years with the Torrio-Capone organization. As head of the Unione Siciliana fraternal group, Merlo wielded considerable influence both in Chicago's Democratic Party politics and also within Chicago's criminal underworld during the early years of Prohibition. Although Merlo was able to maintain peace among the city's numerous bootlegging gangs, his death marked the beginning of Chicago's bootleg wars that plagued the city for the rest of the decade
Jan 5 Nikolai Medtner a Russian composer and pianist.
Jan 6 Vilmos Böhm supposedly mentioned in the Venona telegrams as an information source of the soviets during the war. According to one researcher, Wilhelm Agrell, he was a soviet spy, a statement which has been contested in a trial, after Agrell was sued by Böhms grandchildren Thomas and Stefan Böhm for defamtion of deceased. According to Swedens liberal laws Agrell was acquitted, although he could not produce any other evidence than the mentioning of Vilmos Böhm in the Venona telegrams, where many state leaders and politicians were mentioned under aliases
Jan 6 Tom Mix an American film actor and the star of many early Western movies. Between 1909 and 1935, Mix appeared in 291 films, all but nine of which were silent movies. He was Hollywood's first Western megastar and is noted as having helped define the genre for all cowboy actors who followed
Jan 7 Jerome Steever an American water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 7 Santiago Copello an Argentine Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Buenos Aires from 1932 to 1959, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935. Copello served as the first Argentine cardinal and the first cardinal from Hispanic America
Jan 9 George Dietz an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 10 Paolo Giobbe an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church who served as Papal Datary in the Roman Curia from 1959 to 1968, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.
Jan 10 Grock a Swiss clown, composer and musician. Called "the king of clowns" and "the greatest of Europe's clowns", Grock was once the most highly paid entertainer in the world
Jan 10 Manuel Azaña the first Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic , and later served again as Prime Minister , and then as the second and last President of the Republic. The Spanish Civil War broke out while he was President. With the defeat of the Republic in 1939, he fled to France, resigned his office, and died in exile shortly afterwards
Jan 13 Harry Lott an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics, winning the gold medal in the Eights. He was born in Philadelphia
Jan 13 Herbert Brenon a film director during the era of silent movies through the 1930s. He was born in Dublin, Ireland, and was educated at St Paul's School and at King's College London. Before becoming a director, he performed in vaudeville acts with his wife, Helen Oberg
Jan 14 Pierre-Marie Gerlier a French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Lyon from 1937 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1937
Jan 15 Prokofy Dzhaparidze a Communist activist, one of the Red Army and Bolshevik Party leaders in Azerbaijan during the Russian Revolution.
Jan 16 Samuel Jones (athlete) an American athlete who competed mainly in the high jump.
Jan 17 Mack Sennett a Canadian-born American director and actor and was known as the innovator of slapstick comedy in film. During his lifetime he was known at times as the "King of Comedy". His short Wrestling Swordfish was awarded the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film in 1932 and he earned an Academy Honorary Award in 1937
Jan 17 Antonio Villa-Real a Filipino jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
Jan 18 Paul Ehrenfest an Austrian and Dutch theoretical physicist, who made major contributions to the field of statistical mechanics and its relations with quantum mechanics, including the theory of phase transition and the Ehrenfest theorem.
Jan 18 Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster a Benedictine monk and served as Cardinal and Archbishop of Milan during World War II.
Jan 19 Fritz Schade a German-born American film actor of the silent era. He appeared in 41 films between 1913 and 1918, including six films with Charlie Chaplin. His wife was the silent film actress Betty Schade
Jan 19 Henryk Minkiewicz a Polish socialist politician and a General of the Polish Army. Former commander of the Border Defence Corps, he was among the Polish officers murdered in the Katyń massacre
Jan 19 Julius Perlis an Austrian chess player.
Jan 19 John Barnett (rugby) a pioneer Australian rugby union and rugby league player and won an Olympic gold medal winning in rugby at the 1908 Summer Olympics. He was one of Australia's early dual-code rugby internationals
Jan 20 Max Schöne a German swimmer who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 20 Walter W. Bacon an American accountant and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party who served three terms as Mayor of Wilmington and two terms as Governor of Delaware. He is the only mayor of a Delaware city to have been elected Governor of Delaware
Jan 21 George Van Biesbroeck a Belgian-American astronomer. He worked at observatories in Belgium, Germany and the United States. He specialized in the observation of double stars, asteroids and comets. He is notable for his long career as an observational astronomer
Jan 22 Bill O'Neill (baseball) an outfielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Boston Americans , Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox. O'Neill was a switch-hitter and threw right-handed. He was born in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Jan 22 Frigyes Riesz a Hungarian mathematician who made fundamental contributions to functional analysis.
Jan 24 Duchess Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the consort of Crown Prince Danilo of Montenegro.
Jan 25 Fricis Bārda a Latvian poet, particularly noted for his interest in philosophical and pantheistic themes.
Jan 25 Meyer Jacobstein a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York.
Jan 26 Sylvia Ashton an American film actress of the silent film era. She appeared in 134 films between 1912 and 1929. She was born in Denver, Colorado and died in Los Angeles, California. She bore a heavyset resemblance to Jane Darwell and like Darwell was playing mother and grandmother roles, though more famously than Darwell in the silents, while still in her 30s and 40s. For years she was a regular member of Cecil DeMille's troupe of character actors. She retired from movies almost immediately at the dawn of sound, one of her last films being the part-talkie, The Barker
Jan 26 Douglas MacArthur an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the first father and son to be awarded the medal. He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the U.S. Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army
Jan 28 Camil Ressu a Romanian painter and academic, one of the most significant art figures of Romania.
Jan 28 Sergey Malov a Russian Turkologist who made important contributions to the documentation of archaic and contemporary Turkic languages, classification of the Turkic alphabets, and the deciphering of the Turkic Orkhon script.
Jan 28 Herbert Strudwick an English wicket-keeper. During his career, his record of 1493 dismissals is the third-highest by any wicket-keeper in the history of first-class cricket
Jan 29 W. C. Fields William Claude Dukenfield , better known as C. Fields, was an American comedian, actor, juggler and writer. Fields's comic persona was a misanthropic and hard-drinking egotist, who remained a sympathetic character despite his snarling contempt for dogs and children
Jan 29 Alexander Goldenweiser (anthropologist) a Russian-born U.S. anthropologist and sociologist.
Jan 29 Philibert Jacques Melotte a British astronomer whose parents immigrated from Belgium.
Feb 1 Francesco Balilla Pratella an Italian composer, musicologist and essayist. One of the leading advocates of futurism in Italian music, much of Pratella's own music betrays little obvious connection to the views espoused in the manifesti he authored
Feb 2 Frederick Lane an Australian swimmer.
Feb 4 Paul Lotsij a Dutch rower who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.