Died in 1880

Jan 2 Bronisław Zaleski a Polish and Belarussian political activist, a writer and a publisher.
Jan 4 Anselm Feuerbach a German painter. He was the leading classicist painter of the German 19th-century school
Jan 4 Karl Friedrich Lessing a German historical and landscape painter, grandnephew of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. He was born near Breslau, and was a pupil of Heinrich Anton Dähling at the Berlin Academy. He first devoted himself to landscape. In his the period of his artistic career Lessing was influenced by the landscapes of Caspar David Friedrich: his themes he depicted were castle ruins, forgotten cemeteries, rugged rock formations, which he inhabited with figures of monks, knights and thieves. In 1826 obtained a prize with his Cemetery in Ruins. He accompanied Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow to Düsseldorf, where he continued his studies, devoting himself to historical paintings. In 1830, when Schadow went to Italy, Lessing occupied his place as director of the academy, exercising great influence on the Düsseldorf school of painting. His picture Das trauernde Königspaar brought him great popularity. In 1837, he received a gold medal at Paris; he was a member of the Berlin Academy and was the recipient of several orders. In 1858 he was appointed director of the gallery at Karlsruhe, where he continued his activity as a painter until his death in 1880
Jan 4 Edward William Cooke an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener.
Jan 4 Marthe Camille Bachasson Count of Montalivet a French statesman and a Peer of France.
Jan 5 Jean Joseph François Poujoulat a French historian and journalist.
Jan 8 Emperor Norton a celebrated citizen of San Francisco, California, who in 1859 proclaimed himself "Emperor of these United States" and subsequently "Protector of Mexico".
Jan 10 Frank Leslie an English-born American engraver, illustrator, and publisher of family periodicals.
Jan 12 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur the wife of the 21st President of the United States, Chester Arthur She died before he took office as President.
Jan 17 Agenor duc de Gramont a French diplomat and statesman.
Jan 20 Jules Favre a French statesman. After the establishment of the Third Republic in September 1870, he became one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republicans faction
Jan 24 José Gautier Benítez a Puerto Rican poet of the Romantic Era.
Jan 24 Friedrich Feuerbach a German philologist and philosopher. In the 1840s he played an important role disseminating materialist and atheist philosophy
Jan 25 Jacob Augustus Lockhart Clarke primarily known for his studies of the brain and the spinal cord.
Jan 27 Edward Middleton Barry an English architect of the 19th century.
Feb 4 Francis de Laporte de Castelnau a French naturalist, known also as François Laporte or Francis de Castelnau.
Feb 7 Arthur Morin a French physicist. He conducted experiments in mechanics and invented the Morin dynamometer
Feb 8 George Sykes a career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War.
Feb 10 Adolphe Crémieux a French-Jewish lawyer and statesman and staunch defender of the human rights of the Jews of France.
Feb 12 Karl Eduard von Holtei a German poet and actor.
Feb 16 Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar a Belgian architect. He was born in Kampen in the Netherlands as a descendant of a Dutch family of architects and engineers. During the United Kingdom of the Netherlands his family settled in the southern Belgian provinces. Cluysenaar studied architecture at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels under Tilman-François Suys. His teacher influenced him in his preference for the architecture of the Italian Renaissance
Feb 18 Nikolay Zinin a Russian organic chemist.
Feb 19 Constantino Brumidi an Italian-American historical painter, best known and honored for his fresco work in the Capitol Building in Washington, DC.
Feb 21 Izmail Sreznevsky a towering figure in 19th-century Slavic studies.
Feb 29 James Milne Wilson Sir James Milne Wilson, KCMG served as Premier of Tasmania from 1869 to 1872.
Mar 2 John Benjamin Macneill an eminent Irish civil engineer of the 19th century, closely associated with Thomas Telford. His most notable projects were railway schemes in Ireland
Mar 6 Friedrich Harkort an early prominent German industrialist and pioneer of industrial development in the Ruhr region.
Mar 16 Charles Christopher Frost an American botanist. He described several species of fungi from the New England area of the United States. In one paper, Frost described 22 new species of boletes, and he was later credited with the discovery of three additional species. His personal herbarium of specimens were given to the University of Vermont in 1902. Portions of his collection today are distributed between the Farlow Herbarium at Harvard University, the New York State Museum, and the Buffalo Museum of Science
Mar 21 José Ignacio de Márquez a Colombian statesman, lawyer and professor, who served as Vice President of Colombia under the presidency of Francisco de Paula Santander, and subsequently was elected President of the Republic of the New Granada for the presidential term of 1837 to 1841.
Mar 21 Elias David Sassoon an Iraqi-Indian philanthropist and businessman involved in trade in India and the Far East.
Mar 22 Samuel Constantinus Snellen van Vollenhoven a Dutch entomologist. He is not to be confused with Pieter Cornelius Tobias Snellen another entomologist from Rotterdam
Mar 27 Nils Johan Andersson a Swedish botanist and traveller. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation N.J.Andersson when citing a botanical name
Mar 29 Constantin Hansen one of the painters associated with the Golden Age of Danish Painting. He was deeply interested in literature and mythology, and inspired by art historian Niels Lauritz Høyen, he tried to recreate a national historical painting based on Norse mythology. He painted also many altarpieces and portraits, including the historical The Constitutional Assembly between 1861-1865
Mar 31 Henryk Wieniawski a Polish violinist and composer.
Apr 7 Diederich Krug a German pianist and composer. He was born in Hamburg and studied under Jakob Schmitt. He wrote a large number of pieces for piano, around 350 in all, which were popular with amateur pianists. Typical examples are gathered in the Pianoforte-Album which appeared as 1220 in the Collection Litolff; it contains eight works: Chant d'Adieu , Le petit Chevalier , Einsames Haideblümchen , La petite Coquette , Minnelied , Tyrolienne , Der Wachtelruf , and Impromptu-Romance
Apr 11 Jean Antoine Théodore de Gudin a French painter of the 19th century, born in Paris.
Apr 11 William Sharpey a Scottish anatomist and physiologist.
Apr 13 Robert Fortune a Scottish botanist, plant hunter and traveller, best known for introducing tea plants from China to India. Robert Fortune was born in Scotland on 16 September 1812, at Kelloe, Berwickshire
Apr 18 Gerardus Johannes Mulder a Dutch organic and analytical chemist.
Apr 25 Joseph Seligman an American banker and businessman.
May 1 Samuel P. Heintzelman a United States Army General. He served in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, the Yuma War and the Cortina Troubles. During the American Civil War he was a prominent figure in the early months of the war rising to the command of a corps
May 2 Tom Wills credited with being Australia's first cricketer of significance and a pioneer of the sport of Australian rules football.
May 2 Eberhard Anheuser a German-born soap and candle maker as well as the father-in-law of Adolphus Busch, the founder of the Anheuser-Busch Company. He and two of his brothers moved to America in 1842. He was a major creditor of the Bavarian Brewery Company, a struggling brewery founded in 1853. When the company encountered financial difficulty in 1860, he purchased the minor creditors' interests and took over the company
May 4 Edward Clark (governor) the eighth Governor of Texas. His term coincided with the beginning of the American Civil War
May 6 Ivan Surikov a self-taught peasant poet, best known for his folklore-influenced ballads, some of which were put to music by well-known composers , while some became real folk songs.
May 6 Winifred Brunton an English-born painter, illustrator and Egyptologist.
May 7 Luís Alves de Lima e Silva Duke of Caxias an army officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. Like his father and uncles, Caxias pursued a military career. In 1823 he fought as a young officer in the Brazilian War for Independence against Portugal, then spent three years in Brazil's southernmost province, Cisplatina, as the government unsuccessfully resisted that province's secession in the Cisplatine War. Though his own father and uncles renounced Emperor Dom Pedro I during the protests of 1831, Caxias remained loyal. Pedro I abdicated in favor of his young son Dom Pedro II, whom Caxias instructed in swordsmanship and horsemanship and eventually befriended
May 8 Gustave Flaubert an influential French writer. He is known especially for his first published novel, Madame Bovary , for his Correspondence, and for his scrupulous devotion to his style and aesthetics. The celebrated short story writer Maupassant was a protégé of Flaubert
May 8 Christian August Friedrich Peters a German astronomer. He was the father of astronomer Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Peters. He was born in Hamburg and died in Kiel
May 9 Ivan Petrovich Liprandi a Russian major general, historian and chief of the secret police.