1880 events in history

Jan 1 Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal
Jan 9 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high winds and heavy snow
Feb 13 Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect
Apr 18 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100
May 11 Seven people are killed in the Mussel Slough Tragedy, a gun battle in California
May 13 In Menlo Park, New Jersey, Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway
Jun 7 War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, the assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), ends the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign)
Jun 24 First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français
Jun 28 The Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is captured at Glenrowan
Jun 29 France annexes Tahiti
Jul 27 Second Anglo-Afghan War: Battle of Maiwand – Afghan forces led by Mohammad Ayub Khan defeat the British Army in battle near Maiwand, Afghanistan
Aug 14 Construction of Cologne Cathedral, the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany, is completed
Sep 1 The army of Mohammad Ayub Khan is routed by the British at the Battle of Kandahar, ending the Second Anglo-Afghan War
Sep 16 The Cornell Daily Sun prints its first issue in Ithaca, New York. The Sun is the nation's oldest, continuously-independent college daily
Oct 1 First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison
Oct 1 John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Band
Oct 15 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists
Nov 9 A large earthquake strikes Zagreb and causes many casualties. One of them is the Zagreb Cathedral
Nov 11 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol