Born in 1881

Jan 4 Nikolai Roslavets a significant Ukrainian Soviet modernist composer. Roslavets was a convinced modernist and cosmopolitan thinker; his music was officially suppressed from 1930 onwards
Jan 4 Nikolaj Velimirović bishop of Ohrid and of Žiča in the Serbian Orthodox Church, an influential theological writer and a highly gifted orator, therefore also known as The New Chrysostom.
Jan 4 Patrick Ryan (athlete) an Irish hammer thrower who won the Gold medal as a member of the U.S. Olympic team at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium, winning the event by the biggest winning margin in history. In 1913 he established the first World Record in the event which stood for 36 years and which stood as an American record for forty years, lasting until July 1953. Ryan was part of a group of Irish weight throwers known collectively as the Irish Whales
Jan 4 Georges Baklanoff a Russian operatic baritone who had an active international career from 1903 until his death in 1938. Possessing a powerful and flexible voice, he sang roles from a wide variety of musical periods and in many languages. He was also highly praised by audience and critics for his acting abilities
Jan 4 Wilhelm Lehmbruck a German sculptor.
Jan 5 Pablo Gargallo an Aragonese sculptor and painter. Born in Maella, Aragon, he moved to Barcelona, Catalonia, with his family in 1888, where he would begin his training in the arts. Gargallo developed a style of sculpture based on the creation of three-dimensional objects from pieces of flat metal plate, and he also used paper or cardboard. Some of these sculptures have a form of cubism. For example, only one half of a face may be shown, and it may have only one eye. He also made more traditional sculptures in bronze, marble and other materials. He is considered to be one of the most significant artists of the town of ralls Aragonese avant-garde
Jan 5 David Hammond (swimmer) an American freestyle swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Ion Minulescu a Romanian avant-garde poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic, and playwright. Often publishing his works under the pseudonyms M. Nirvan and Koh-i-Noor , he journeyed to Paris, where he was heavily influenced by the growing Symbolist movement and Parisian Bohemianism. A herald of Romania's own Symbolist movement, he had a major influence on local modernist literature, and was among the first local poets to use free verse
Jan 7 Henrik Galeen an Austrian-born actor, screenwriter and film director considered an influential figure in the development of German Expressionist cinema during the silent era.
Jan 8 John Neihardt an American writer and poet, an amateur historian and ethnographer, and a philosopher of the Great Plains. Born at the end of the American settlement of the Plains, he became interested in the experiences of those who had been a part of the European-American migration, as well as American Indians whom they had displaced. He traveled down the Missouri River by open boat, visited with old trappers, became familiar with leaders in a number of Indian communities and did extensive research throughout the Plains and Rocky Mountains
Jan 8 William T. Piper an American airplane manufacturer, and founder and 1st president of Piper Aircraft Corporation 1929-1970. He graduated from Harvard University in 1903, and became known as "the Henry Ford of Aviation". The William Piper Memorial Airport in Lock Haven is named in his honor
Jan 8 Henrik Shipstead an American politician. He served in the United States Senate from March 4, 1923, to January 3, 1947, from the state of Minnesota in the 68th, 69th, 70th, 71st, 72nd, 73rd, 74th, 75th, 76th, 77th, 78th, and 79th Congresses. He served first as a member of the Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party from 1923 to 1941 and then as a Republican from 1941 to 1947
Jan 8 Linnie Marsh Wolfe an American librarian. She won the 1946 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1946 for her biography of John Muir, Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir
Jan 9 Josef Ospelt the first Prime Minister of Liechtenstein from 2 March 1921 to 27 April 1922.
Jan 9 Lascelles Abercrombie a British poet and literary critic, one of the "Dymock poets".
Jan 9 Edouard Beaupré a circus and freak show giant, wrestler, strongman, and a star in Barnum and Bailey's circus.
Jan 9 Giovanni Papini an Italian journalist, essayist, literary critic, poet, and novelist.
Jan 10 Leslie Rainey an Australian sportsman who played first-class cricket for Victoria and Australian rules football with Essendon and Melbourne in the Victorian Football League.
Jan 13 Essington Lewis an Australian industrialist.
Jan 14 Vasiliy Mikhaylovich Alekseyev an eminent Soviet sinologist and a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. In 1902 he finished the Saint Petersburg University and became a professor. First he worked in the British Museum, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Museum für Völkerkunde, Musée Guimet etc
Jan 15 Édouard Paul Dhorme a French Assyriologist, Semitologist and translator of the Bible.
Jan 17 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown an English social anthropologist who developed the theory of Structural functionalism.
Jan 17 Gustav Gassner a German botanist and plant pathologist whose 1918 paper on vernalization has been called "the first systematic study of temperature as a factor in the developmental physiology of plants.".
Jan 17 Antoni Łomnicki a Polish mathematician.
Jan 17 Harry Price a British psychic researcher and author, who gained public prominence for his investigations into psychical phenomena and his exposing of fake Spiritualists. He is best known for his well-publicized investigation of the purportedly haunted Borley Rectory in Essex, England
Jan 18 Gaston Gallimard a French publisher. He was born in Paris, and died in Neuilly-sur-Seine
Jan 20 Evgeni Gegechkori a Georgian nobleman,politician and Social Democratic revolutionary.
Jan 21 Ernst Fast Swedish long distance runner who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He specialized in the marathon and participated in the event in Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the bronze medal, behind second place Émile Champion
Jan 21 Gilberto de Almeida Rêgo a Brazilian football referee. He officiated several games at the 1930 FIFA World Cup
Jan 22 Ira Thomas an American professional baseball player. He played all or part of ten in Major League Baseball, all in the American League, with the New York Highlanders , Detroit Tigers , and Philadelphia Athletics , primarily as a catcher
Jan 23 Yakov Protazanov a Russian and Soviet film director and screenwriter, and one of the founding fathers of cinema of Russia.
Jan 23 Luisa Casati an eccentric Italian heiress, muse, and patroness of the arts in early 20th-century Europe. As the concept of dandy was expanded to include women, the marchesa Casati fitted the utmost female example by saying: "I want to be a living work of art"
Jan 25 Elly Heuss-Knapp a German liberal politician, author and wife of Theodor Heuss—from 1908 until her death. She was the founder of the Müttergenesungswerk , which is named in her honour, as well a co-founder and Vice President of the European Movement in Germany. She also served as a Member of Parliament of the state of Württemberg-Baden
Jan 25 Emil Ludwig a German author, known for his biographies and study of historical "greats.".
Jan 28 Alexandre Tsutsunava a Georgian theatre and film director.
Jan 29 Kim Kyu-sik a Korean politician and academic during the Korean independence movement and a leader of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. Kim served in various roles in the provisional government, including as foreign minister, ambassador, education minister and finally as the vice president from 1940 until the provisional government's dissolution on March 3, 1947. Kim's nicknames included Yoosa, Kummun, KimSung, and JukJeok
Jan 29 Yousef VII Ghanima the patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1947–1958.
Jan 29 Louis Trousselier a French racing cyclist.
Jan 31 Robert John Tillyard an English–Australian entomologist and geologist. He was sometimes known as Robin
Jan 31 Irving Langmuir an American chemist and physicist. His most noted publication was the famous 1919 article "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules" in which, building on Gilbert Lewis's cubical atom theory and Walther Kossel's chemical bonding theory, he outlined his "concentric theory of atomic structure". Langmuir became embroiled in a priority dispute with Lewis over this work; Langmuir's presentation skills were largely responsible for the popularization of the theory, although the credit for the theory itself belongs mostly to Lewis. While at General Electric, from 1909–1950, Langmuir advanced several basic fields of physics and chemistry, invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp, the hydrogen welding technique, and was awarded the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in surface chemistry. The Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research near Socorro, New Mexico, was named in his honor as was the American Chemical Society journal for Surface Science, called Langmuir
Feb 1 Tip Snooke Sibley John "Tip" Snooke played Test cricket for South Africa as an all-rounder, captaining the side to victory 3-2 against England in a five-Test series in South Africa in 1909-10. He played in 26 Test matches, playing the first 23 between 1906 and 1912, and he was recalled aged 41 for three further Test matches against England in South Africa in 1922-23
Feb 2 Karl Frederick an American sport shooter who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Feb 2 Louis Strebler an American wrestler who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 2 George Calavassy a Catholic prelate belonging to Apostolic Exarchate of Constantinople from 13 July 1920 to 11 June 1932, and Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church from 11 June 1932 to 7 November 1957.
Feb 2 Orval Overall an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was a member of the Chicago Cubs dynasty of the early 1900s. As of 2014, he remains the last man to be on the mound for the last out in a World Series–clinching game for the Chicago Cubs
Feb 3 Harry Edwin Wood an English astronomer.
Feb 3 József Galamb a Hungarian-American mechanical engineer.
Feb 4 Rudolph Tesing an American wrestler who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 4 Kliment Voroshilov a Soviet military officer and politician.
Feb 4 Fernand Léger a French painter, sculptor, and filmmaker. In his early works he created a personal form of cubism which he gradually modified into a more figurative, populist style. His boldly simplified treatment of modern subject matter has caused him to be regarded as a forerunner of pop art