1881 events in history

Jan 25 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company
Feb 13 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert
Feb 16 The Canadian Pacific Railway is incorporated by Act of Parliament at Ottawa (44th Vic., c.1)
Feb 24 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty
Feb 27 First Boer War: The Battle of Majuba Hill takes place
Mar 12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain
Mar 13 Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. (Gregorian date: it was March 1 in the Julian calendar then in use in Russia.)
Mar 26 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
Mar 27 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of Teetotalism by the Salvation Army
Apr 11 Spelman College is founded in Atlanta, Georgia as the Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary, an institute of higher education for African-American women
Apr 14 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight is fought in El Paso, Texas
Apr 16 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle
Apr 18 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico
May 12 In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
May 21 The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton in Washington, D.C
Jun 13 The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack
Jun 28 Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia
Jun 29 In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declares himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam
Jul 1 The world's first international telephone call is made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States
Jul 1 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell and Childers reforms of the British Army, comes into effect
Jul 2 Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from an infection on September 19
Jul 4 In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens
Jul 14 Billy the Kid is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner
Jul 23 The Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina is signed in Buenos Aires
Sep 19 U.S. President James A. Garfield dies of wounds suffered in a July 2 shooting
Sep 20 Chester A. Arthur is inaugurated as the 21st President of the United States following the assassination of James Garfield
Oct 13 First known conversation in modern Hebrew by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends
Oct 26 The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona
Nov 19 A meteorite lands near the village of Grossliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine
Dec 4 The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published