Born in 1882

Jan 1 Bunzaburō Kawagishi a lieutenant-general in the Imperial Japanese Army during the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Jan 2 Fernand Canelle a professional French association football player.
Jan 2 Hilarion (Ohienko) a Ukrainian Orthodox cleric, linguist, church historian, and historian of Ukrainian culture. In 1940 he was Archimandrite of the Onuphrius Monastery in Jableczna; in 1940 he became Bishop of Chełm; in 1944 he became the Metropolitan of Chełm and Lublin , and in 1951 Primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada. He was also active in Ukrainian politics, both during the revolution and later in emigration
Jan 2 Benjamin Jones (cyclist) a British track cycling racer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 2 Herbert von Petersdorff a German swimmer who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics. He was a member of the German swimming team, which won the gold medal at the Paris Games
Jan 4 Yoshijirō Umezu a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
Jan 4 Aristarkh Lentulov a major Russian avant-garde artist of Cubist orientation who also worked on set designs for the theatre.
Jan 5 Edwin Barclay a Liberian politician. A member of the True Whig political party, he served as the 18th President of the country from 1930 until 1944. Under his leadership, Liberia was an ally of the United States during World War II
Jan 5 Herbert Bayard Swope a U.S. editor, journalist and intimate of the Algonquin Round Table. Swope spent most of his career at the New York World newspaper. He was the first and three-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Reporting. Swope was called the greatest reporter of his time by Lord Northcliffe of the London Daily Mail
Jan 6 Sam Rayburn a Democratic lawmaker from Bonham, Texas, who served as the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives for 17 years, the longest tenure in U.S. history. He is one of six Speakers to serve more than one non-consecutive term, and the only Democrat to do Along with Henry Clay, he is one of only two to serve three different terms as Speaker
Jan 6 Fan S. Noli an Albanian-American writer, scholar, diplomat, politician, historian, orator, and founder of the Albanian Orthodox Church, who served as prime minister and regent of Albania in 1924 during the June Revolution.
Jan 6 Adam Stankievič a Belarusian Roman Catholic priest, politician and writer. Stankievič was one of ideologists of the Belarusian Christian democratic movement in the early 20th century
Jan 6 Ivan Olbracht a Czech writer, journalist and translator of German prose.
Jan 6 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1882–1940) a member of the Teschen branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Prince Elias of Bourbon-Parma , Maria Anna was also a member of the House of Bourbon-Parma and a Princess of Bourbon-Parma
Jan 6 Iosif Langbard a Soviet Belarus architect and Honored Artist of the Byelorussian SSR.
Jan 6 Alexander Gray (poet) a Scottish civil servant, economist, academic, translator, writer and poet.
Jan 6 Oskars Kalpaks the commander of 1st Latvian Independent Battalion, also known as "Kalpaks Battalion".
Jan 6 Aleksandra Ekster a Russian-French painter and designer.
Jan 10 Joseph Werbrouck a Belgian track cycling racer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 12 José Luis Tejada Sorzano a Bolivian lawyer and politician appointed by the military as president of Bolivia during the Chaco War. He had previously been the country's Vice-President for three years
Jan 12 Yelena Bekman-Shcherbina a Russian pianist, composer and teacher.
Jan 12 Milton Sills an American stage and film actor of the early twentieth century.
Jan 14 Hendrik Willem van Loon a Dutch-American historian, journalist, and award-winning children's book author.
Jan 15 Princess Margaret of Connaught Crown Princess of Sweden as the first wife of the future King Gustaf VI Adolf. She was the elder daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, and Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. Nicknamed Daisy and known in Sweden as Margareta, she died before her husband's accession to the throne of Sweden
Jan 15 Florian Znaniecki a Polish philosopher and sociologist who taught and wrote in Poland and in the United States. Over the course of his work he transitioned from the focus on philosophy to that on sociology. He remains a major figure in the history of Polish and American sociology; the founder of Polish academic sociology, and of an entire school of thought in sociology. He won international renown as co-author, with William Thomas, of the study, The Polish Peasant in Europe and America , which is considered the foundation of modern empirical sociology. He also made major contributions to sociological theory, introducing terms such as humanistic coefficient and culturalism
Jan 16 Margaret Wilson (writer) an American novelist. She was awarded the 1924 Pulitzer Prize for The Able McLaughlins
Jan 16 Robert Lane (soccer) a Canadian amateur football player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 17 Noah Beery Sr. an American actor who appeared in films from 1913 to 1945. He was the older brother of Academy Award-winning actor Wallace Beery and the father of character actor Noah Beery, Jr.. Beery was billed as either Noah Beery or Noah Beery, depending upon the film
Jan 17 Arnold Rothstein a Jewish-American racketeer, businessman and gambler who became a kingpin of the Jewish mob in New York. Rothstein was widely reputed to have organized corruption in professional athletics, conspiring in the fixing of the 1919 World Series
Jan 17 Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia a Russian grand duchess as the daughter of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia and Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was the wife of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark
Jan 18 A. A. Milne an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various children's poems. Milne was a noted writer, primarily as a playwright, before the huge success of Pooh overshadowed all his previous work
Jan 19 Otto Ruge a Norwegian general. He was Commander-in-chief of the Royal Norwegian Armed Forces after Nazi Germany's assault on Norway in April 1940
Jan 19 Pierre Allemane a French football defender. He was born in Montpellier
Jan 19 Gyula Alpári a Hungarian Communist politician and propagandist, as well as a journalist by profession.
Jan 20 Johnny Torrio an Italian-American mobster who helped build the criminal empire known as the Chicago Outfit in the 1920s that was later inherited by his protégé, Al Capone. He also put forth the idea of the National Crime Syndicate in the 1930s and later became an unofficial adviser to the Genovese crime family
Jan 20 Sebastião da Silveira Cintra a Brazilian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro from 1930 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1930
Jan 21 Tadeusz Makowski a prominent Polish painter active in France for most of his life. He was born in Oświęcim. Makowski attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków. He studied under Jan Stanisławski and Józef Mehoffer. In 1909, he departed for Paris. Makowski started off as a landscape painter but then shifted towards Post-Impressionism and Cubism. However, he is arguably most famous for his rural landscape paintings. He met Pablo Picasso,who was his good friend
Jan 21 Francis Gailey an Australian-born American competition swimmer who swam in the 1904 Summer Olympics held in Louis, Missouri. In the 1904 Olympics he won three silver medals, in the 220-yard freestyle, 440-yard freestyle and 880-yard freestyle, and a bronze medal in the one-mile freestyle
Jan 22 Pavel Florensky a Russian Orthodox theologian, priest, philosopher, mathematician, physicist, electrical engineer, inventor and Neomartyr.
Jan 22 Theodore Kosloff a Russian-born ballet dancer, choreographer and film and stage actor. He was occasionally credited as Theodor Kosloff
Jan 22 Louis Pergaud a French writer and soldier, whose principal works were known as "Animal Stories" due to his featuring animals of the Franche-Comté in lead roles. His most notable work was the novel La Guerre des boutons. It has been reprinted more than 30 times, and is included on the French high-school curriculum
Jan 23 Anna Abrikosova a prominent figure in the Russian Catholic Church, and the foundress of a community of Religious Sisters of the Third Order of Dominic in that Church.
Jan 24 Harold D. Babcock an American astronomer, and the father of Horace Babcock. Of English and German ancestry. He was born in Edgerton, Wisconsin before completing high school in Los Angeles and was accepted in the University of California, Berkeley in 1901. He worked at the Mount Wilson Observatory from 1907 until 1948. He specialized in solar spectroscopy and mapped the distribution of magnetic fields over the Sun's surface. With his son he revealed the existence of strong magnetic fields in certain stars. In 1953 he won the Bruce Medal
Jan 24 Ödön Bodor a Hungarian athlete. He competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics in London in the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. He was Jewish
Jan 25 Conrad Christensen a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Virginia Woolf an English writer and one of the foremost modernists of the twentieth century.
Jan 26 André Rischmann a French rugby union player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 28 Pascual Orozco a Mexican revolutionary leader who, after the triumph of the Mexican Revolution, rose up against Francisco Madero and recognized the coup d'état led by Victoriano Huerta and the government it imposed.
Jan 28 Mary Boland an American stage and film actress.
Jan 30 Franklin D. Roosevelt an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States. A Democrat, he was elected four times and served from March 1933 to his death in April 1945. He was a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics after 1932, as his New Deal domestic policies defined American liberalism for the middle third of the 20th century