Born in 1883

Jan 1 Ichirō Hatoyama a Japanese politician and the 52nd, 53rd and 54th Prime Minister of Japan, serving terms from 10 December 1954 through 19 March 1955, from then to 22 November 1955, and from then through 23 December 1956.
Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi an Italian writer.
Jan 1 William J. Donovan a United States soldier, lawyer, intelligence officer and diplomat. Donovan is best remembered as the wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services , a precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency, during World War He is also known as the "Father of American Intelligence" and the "Father of Central Intelligence"
Jan 1 Alberto Gerchunoff an Argentine writer born in the Russian Empire, in the city of Proskuriv, now Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine. His family emigrated in 1889 to the agricultural colony of Moises Ville. His father, Rab Gershon ben Abraham Gerchunoff was murdered by a gaucho on February 12, 1891. After a few months the family moved to Rajil, founded by philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch as a haven for Jews fleeing the pogroms of Europe. Later, he lived in Buenos Aires. Jorge Luis Borges described him thus:
Jan 1 Trần Trọng Kim a Vietnamese scholar and politician who served as the Prime Minister of the short-lived Empire of Vietnam, a puppet state created by Imperial Japan in 1945. This came after Japan had seized direct control of Vietnam from the Vichy French colonial forces during the Second World War
Jan 3 Mikhail Gnessin a Russian Jewish composer and teacher. Gnessin's works The Maccabeans and The Youth of Abraham earned him the nickname the "Jewish Glinka"
Jan 3 Clement Attlee a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951, and as the Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
Jan 4 Max Eastman an American writer on literature, philosophy and society; a poet, and a prominent political activist. Moving to New York City for graduate school, Eastman became involved with liberal and radical circles in Greenwich Village. He supported ]socialism and became a leading patron of the Harlem Renaissance, and an activist for a number of liberal and radical causes. For several years, he edited The Masses. With his sister Crystal Eastman, in 1917 he co-founded The Liberator, a radical magazine of politics and the arts
Jan 5 Döme Sztójay a Hungarian soldier and diplomat of Serb origin, who served as Prime Minister of Hungary during World War II.
Jan 6 Kahlil Gibran a Lebanese artist, poet, and writer.
Jan 6 Frank Haller an American featherweight professional boxer who competed in the early twentieth century. He won a silver medal in Boxing at the 1904 Summer Olympics, beating fellow American Frederick Gilmore, but losing to Oliver Kirk in the final
Jan 7 Andrew Cunningham 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope a British admiral of the Second World War. Cunningham was widely known by his nickname, "ABC"
Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley a highly decorated American soldier with the rank of Major General, statesman, and diplomat.
Jan 8 Pavel Filonov a Russian avant-garde painter, art theorist, and poet.
Jan 9 Kaarlo Mikkolainen a Finnish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 9 Vladimir Kislitsin an officer in the Imperial Russian army and later commanding officer of the pro-monarchist White Army in the later stages of the Russian Civil War.
Jan 9 William Garbutt an English football player, and later a prominent coaching figure in Italian and Spanish football after his retirement. Although his achievements are not widely known in his home country, Garbutt was the model for professional managers in Italy
Jan 10 Francis X. Bushman an American actor, film director, and screenwriter. His matinee idol career started in 1911 in the silent film His Friend's Wife, but it did not survive the silent screen era
Jan 10 Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy a Russian and Soviet writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction and historical novels.
Jan 10 Oscar Goerke an American cyclist who competed in the early twentieth century. He was born in Brooklyn and died in Maplewood, New Jersey
Jan 10 Alfred Saalwächter a German U-boat commander during World War I and General Admiral during World War II.
Jan 11 Artur Fonvizin a Soviet painter of watercolours.
Jan 12 Vsevolod Petrov a colonel of the Russian Empire Army, General and Head of the Staff of the Ukrainian National Republic army, publicist, historian, pedagogue. He is known as a military leader during the Ukrainian–Soviet War
Jan 13 Prince Arthur of Connaught a grandson of Queen Victoria. Prince Arthur held the title of a British prince with the style His Royal Highness. He also served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 20 November 1920 to 21 January 1924
Jan 13 Nathaniel Cartmell an American athlete who won medals at two editions of the Olympic Games. He is also known for being the first head coach of the North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball team
Jan 14 Nina Ricci (designer) a French fashion designer of Italian origin.
Jan 17 Compton Mackenzie a prolific writer of fiction, biography, histories and memoir, as well as a cultural commentator, raconteur and lifelong Scottish nationalist. He was one of the co-founders in 1928 of the Scottish National Party along with Hugh MacDiarmid, RB Cunninghame Graham and John MacCormick. He was knighted in 1952
Jan 18 George Oliver (golfer) an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 19 Hermann Abendroth a German conductor.
Jan 20 Forrest Wilson an American author and journalist. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography in 1942 for his biography of Harriet Beecher Stowe, Crusader in Crinoline: The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe
Jan 20 Bertram Ramsay a British admiral during the Second World War. He was an important contributor in the field of amphibious warfare, and was responsible for the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940
Jan 20 Enoch L. Johnson an Atlantic City, New Jersey political boss and racketeer. From the 1910s until his conviction and imprisonment in 1941, he was the undisputed "boss" of the political machine that controlled Atlantic City and the Atlantic County government. His rule encompassed the Roaring Twenties when, as a refuge from Prohibition, Atlantic City was at the height of its popularity. In addition to bootlegging, his organization also was involved in gambling and prostitution
Jan 21 Eulogio Rodriguez a Filipino politician, the longest serving Senate President after Manuel Quezon, serving the post from April 30, 1952 to April 17, 1953 and May 20, 1953 to April 5, 1963.
Jan 21 Olav Aukrust a Norwegian poet and teacher. He was born in Lom and wrote poems with a renewed national romantic style. His use of rural dialect contributed to the growth of Nynorsk as a literary language
Jan 24 Estelle Winwood an English stage and film actress who moved to the United States in mid-career and became celebrated for her wit and longevity.
Jan 24 Philip Schuster an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich a Ukrainian, Russian and Soviet aircraft designer of a number of planes under the Grigorovich name.
Jan 27 Gottfried Feder a German economist and one of the early key members of the Nazi Party. He was their economic theoretician. Initially, it was his lecture in 1919 that drew Hitler into the party
Jan 29 Cecil Browning a British rackets player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 30 Ujaku Akita the pseudonym of Tokuzō Akita , a Japanese author and Esperantist. He is best known for his plays, books, and short stories for children
Jan 30 Peeter Süda a father of the Estonian organ school, composer and an early collector of Estonian folksongs.
Jan 31 Oskar von Hindenburg the politically powerful son and aide-de-camp to Field Marshal and President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg.
Jan 31 Torkild Garp a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Emil Voigt (athlete) an English athlete, winner of the Olympic 5 miles race in 1908 representing Great Britain.
Feb 1 Yevgeny Vakhtangov a Russian actor and theatre director who founded the Vakhtangov Theatre. He was a friend and mentor of Michael Chekhov
Feb 2 Howard W. Smith Worth Smith , Democratic U.S. Representative from Virginia, was a leader of the conservative coalition who supported both racial segregation and women's rights
Feb 2 Johnston McCulley the author of hundreds of stories, fifty novels, numerous screenplays for film and television, and the creator of the character Zorro.
Feb 3 Raffaele Pettazzoni a historian of Italian religion. He was one of the first academics to propose a historical approach to the study of religion. He was editor-in-chief of the journal Numen and president of the International Association for the History of Religions from 1950-1959
Feb 3 Camille Bombois a French naïve painter especially noted for paintings of circus scenes.
Feb 4 Jakob Sildnik an Estonian photographer and filmmaker, based in Tartu. Together with Fjodor Ljubovski, he directed one of the first Estonian films, the short drama "Must teemant" , released in 1923