Died in 1883

Jan 4 Antoine Chanzy a French general, notable for his successes during the Franco-Prussian War and as a governor of Algeria.
Jan 5 Charles Tompson claimed he was the first published Australian-born poet.
Jan 8 Augustin Keller a Swiss politician and a co-founder of the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, the Old Catholic Church in Switzerland. He is considered to have started the Monastery dispute of Aargau and was therefore responsible for the abolishment of all monasteries in Aargau in 1841
Jan 8 Miska Magyarics Hungarian Slovene poet.
Jan 10 Lot M. Morrill an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, in the United States Senate and as Secretary of the Treasury appointed by President Ulysses Grant. Morrill was an accomplished politician serving several elected and appointed offices throughout his lifetime. Morrill, as Secretary of Treasury, was devoted to hard currency rather than paper money and dedicated himself to serve the public good rather than party interests. Morrill was popularly received as Treasury Secretary in the American press and Wall Street, known for his financial and political integrity. Morrill was President Grant's fourth and last U.S. Secretary of Treasury
Jan 10 Samuel Mudd an American physician who was imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
Jan 11 Jenny Longuet the eldest daughter of Jenny von Westphalen and Karl Marx.
Jan 13 Joseph Kleutgen a German Jesuit theologian and philosopher.
Jan 14 William Alexander Forbes an English zoologist. He was the son of James Staats Forbes
Jan 21 Prince Charles of Prussia a younger son of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Although he served as a Prussian general for much of his adult life, Prince Charles is often remembered for his vast patronage and collections of art and armor and as the first Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John after its restoration as a chivalric order
Jan 21 Anna Eliza Bray a British novelist.
Jan 23 George Miller Beard an American neurologist who popularized the term neurasthenia, starting around 1869.
Jan 23 Gustave Doré a French artist, printmaker, illustrator and sculptor. Doré worked primarily with wood engraving
Jan 24 Friedrich von Flotow a German composer. He is chiefly remembered for his opera Martha, which was popular in the 19th century
Feb 1 Carl Ludwig Sigmund an Austrian syphilologist born in Schässburg , Transylvania.
Feb 1 Seru Epenisa Cakobau a Fijian Ratu and warlord who united part of Fiji's warring tribes under his leadership, establishing a united Fijian kingdom.
Feb 2 Yisroel Salanter the father of the Musar movement in Orthodox Judaism and a famed Rosh yeshiva and Talmudist. The epithet Salanter was added to his name since most of his schooling took place in Salant , where he came under the influence of Rabbi Yosef Zundel of Salant. He is the father of mathematician Yom Tov Lipman Lipkin
Feb 5 Pertevniyal Sultan a Circassian wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and Valide Sultan to their son Abdülaziz. Because of this, her rank in the royal harem was "Beşinci Kadın Efendi"
Feb 7 Edmund J. Davis an American lawyer, soldier, and politician. He was a Southern Unionist and a general in the Union Army in the American Civil War. He also served for one term from 1870 to 1874 as the 14th Governor of Texas
Feb 7 Józef Szujski a Polish politician, historian, poet and professor of the Jagiellonian University.
Feb 10 Wacław Maciejowski a Polish historian.
Feb 13 Pavel Ivanovich Melnikov a Russian writer, known for his opera magna In the Forests and On the Hills, which describe the unique life of Transvolga and its dialects.
Feb 13 Richard Wagner primarily known for his operas. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk , by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama, and which was announced in a series of essays between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen
Feb 17 Vasudev Balwant Phadke an Indian Freedom Fighter who sought India's independence from Britain. Phadke was moved by the plight of the farmer community during British Raj. Phadke believed that ‘Swaraj’ was the only remedy for their ills. With the help of Kolis, Bhils and Dhangars communities in Maharastra, Vasudev formed a revolutionary group called as Ramoshi. The group started an armed struggle to overthrow the British Raj. The group launched raids on rich English businessmen to obtain funds for their liberation struggle. Phadke came into limelight when he got control of the city of Pune for a few days when he caught the British soldiers off guard during one of his surprise attacks
Feb 17 Napoléon Coste a French guitarist and composer.
Feb 18 Francis Abbott an Australian astronomer.
Feb 19 Patrick T. Moore a Confederate States Army brigadier general during the American Civil War. As colonel leading the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, he was severely wounded at the Battle of Blackburn's Ford on July 18, 1861 and was incapacitated for further field service. Thereafter, he served as an aide-de-camp first to General Joseph Johnston and then to Lieutenant General James Longstreet, a judge advocate general on court martial duty and a brigade commander of Virginia Reserves in the Department of Richmond. He was a merchant and Virginia militia officer before the war and an insurance agent after the war
Feb 23 Jules Germain Cloquet a French physician and surgeon who was born and practiced medicine in Paris. His older brother, Hippolyte Cloquet , was also a physician. In 1821 Jules Cloquet became one of the earliest members elected to the Académie Nationale de Médecine in Paris
Feb 23 Inácio do Nascimento de Morais Cardoso a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and was former Patriarch of Lisbon.
Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros a Greek politician. Born in Kampos located in the Messenian side of the Mani Peninsula, he was the son of Spirìdonas-Galànis Koumoundoùros who was the Bey of the area during the last period of the administration of the region by the Ottoman Empire
Feb 27 Julius Stern a Jewish-German musical pedagogue and composer.
Mar 4 John Graham Chambers a Welsh sportsman. He rowed for Cambridge, founded inter-varsity sports, became English Champion walker, coached four winning Boat-Race crews, devised the Queensberry Rules, staged the Cup Final and the Thames Regatta, instituted championships for billiards, boxing, cycling, wrestling and athletics, rowed beside Matthew Webb as he swam the English Channel and edited a national newspaper
Mar 4 Alexander H. Stephens an American politician from Georgia and Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He also served as a U.S. Representative from Georgia and as the 50th Governor of Georgia from 1882 until his death in 1883. He was an old Whig Party friend and ally of Abraham Lincoln; they met in the closing days of the Civil War but could not come to terms
Mar 6 Karl Witte a German jurist and scholar of Dante Alighieri.
Mar 7 John Richard Green an English historian.
Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee a British economic historian also noted for his social commitment and desire to improve the living conditions of the working classes.
Mar 11 Alexander Gorchakov a Russian statesman from the Gorchakov princely family. He has an enduring reputation as one of the most influential and respected diplomats of the nineteenth century. From 1863 to 1883 he was chancellor of the Russian Empire
Mar 14 Karl Marx a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He is one of the founders of sociology and social science. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital
Mar 19 Victor von Bruns a German surgeon born in Helmstedt.
Mar 21 Grigol Orbeliani a Georgian Romanticist poet and soldier in the Imperial Russian service. One of the most colorful figures in the 19th-century Georgian culture, Orbeliani is noted for his patriotic poetry, lamenting Georgia's lost past and independent monarchy. At the same time, he spent decades in the Russian military service, rising through ranks to highest positions in the imperial administration in the Caucasus
Mar 27 Philipp Christoph Zeller a German entomologist.
Apr 3 Eugenio Kincaid an American Baptist missionary who labored for two periods in Burma. In the first period, he served twelve years. In the second period, he served for another fifteen years. His mission work in Burma covered the whole range of the country, from the farthest north to the farthest south and from the farthest west to almost the farthest east. Between the two periods of his ministry, he had eight years of leave of absence during which he raised funds for the foreign missions, and in addition, helped in the foundation of the University of Lewisburg. At the age of 33, Eugenio Kincaid was sent by Baptist Board of Foreign Missions to preach the gospel in Burma
Apr 4 Peter Cooper an American industrialist, inventor, philanthropist, and candidate for President of the United States. He designed and built the first steam locomotive in the U.S., and founded the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art in Manhattan, New York City
Apr 6 Benjamin Wright Raymond an American politician who twice served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Whig Party.
Apr 13 Franz von Seitz a German painter, lithographer, engraver and costume designer as well as an art teacher and theatre director.
Apr 15 Frederick Francis II Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a Prussian officer and Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 7 March 1842 until 15 April 1883.
Apr 15 Vladimir Kovalevsky (paleontologist) about the Russian paleontologist. For other people named Vladimir Kovalevsky, see Kovalevsky
Apr 16 Charles II Duke of Parma King of Etruria , Duke of Lucca , and Duke of Parma.
Apr 19 Duchess Therese Petrovna of Oldenburg the youngest daughter of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg.
Apr 20 Wilhelm Peters a German naturalist and explorer.