1884 in history

1884 events chronologically

Jan 4 The Fabian Society is founded in London, England, United Kingdom
Jan 18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Jesus Christ Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
Feb 1 The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
Feb 19 More than sixty tornadoes strike the Southern United States, one of the largest tornado outbreaks in U.S. history
Mar 13 The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins, ending on January 26, 1885
Mar 27 A mob in Cincinnati, Ohio, attacks members of a jury who had returned a verdict of manslaughter in a clear case of murder, and then over the next few days would riot and destroy the courthouse
Apr 20 Pope Leo XIII publishes the encyclical Humanum Genus

Top 7 most famous people born in 1884

Mar 24 Peter Debye a Dutch-American physicist and physical chemist, and Nobel laureate in Chemistry.
Apr 4 Isoroku Yamamoto a Japanese Marshal Admiral and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
Apr 17 Leo Frank a Jewish-American factory superintendent whose murder conviction and extrajudicial hanging in 1915 by a lynch mob planned and led by prominent citizens in Marietta, Georgia, drew attention to questions of antisemitism in the United States. Frank was posthumously pardoned in 1986 which the Georgia State Board of Pardons and Paroles stated was "in an effort to heal old wounds," without addressing the question of guilt or innocence
May 8 Harry S. Truman the 33rd President of the United States. As the final running mate of President Franklin Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health. Under Truman, the Allies successfully concluded World War II; in the aftermath of the conflict, tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War
Jul 12 Amedeo Modigliani an Italian painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France. He is known for portraits and nudes in a modern style characterized by elongation of faces and figures. His production is known for its nudes, which were not received well during his lifetime, but later found acceptance. Modigliani spent his youth in Italy, where he studied the art of antiquity and the Renaissance, until he moved to Paris in 1906. There he came into contact with prominent artists such as Pablo Picasso and Constantin Brâncuşi
Jul 31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler a monarchist conservative German politician, executive, economist, civil servant, and opponent of the Nazi regime. Had the 20 July plot of 1944 succeeded, Goerdeler would have served as the Chancellor of the new government
Oct 11 Eleanor Roosevelt an American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from March 1933 to April 1945 during her husband President Franklin Roosevelt's four terms in office. President Harry Truman later called her the "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements

Top 7 most famous people died in 1884

Jan 6 Gregor Mendel a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance
Mar 19 Elias Lönnrot a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for compiling Kalevala, the national epic of Finland, from national folk tales that he gathered during several expeditions in Finland, Russian Karelia, the Kola Peninsula and Baltic countries
Mar 28 Prince Leopold Duke of Albany the eighth child and fourth son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Leopold was later created Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence, and Baron Arklow. He had haemophilia, which led to his death at the age of 30
Apr 10 Jean-Baptiste Dumas a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities. He also developed a method for the analysis of nitrogen in compounds
May 6 Judah P. Benjamin a lawyer and politician who was a United States Senator from Louisiana, a Cabinet officer of the Confederate States and, after his escape to the United Kingdom at the end of the American Civil War, an English barrister. Benjamin was the first man professing the Jewish faith to be elected to the United States Senate, and the first Jew to hold a cabinet position in North America
May 12 Bedřich Smetana a Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music. Internationally he is best known for his opera The Bartered Bride; for the symphonic cycle Má vlast , which portrays the history, legends and landscape of the composer's native land; and for his First String Quartet, From My Life
Jul 10 Paul Morphy an American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion. He was a chess prodigy. He was called "The Pride and Sorrow of Chess" because he had a brief and brilliant chess career, but retired from the game while still young