Born in 1884

Jan 1 John Buchanan (sailor) a Scottish sailor who competed for the Royal Clyde Yacht Club at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 1 Siegfried Aufhäuser a German politician and union leader, and from 1921 to 1933, chairman of the largely white-collar AfA-Bund.
Jan 2 Jack Greenwell an English footballer and manager. He served as manager of Barcelona for seven consecutive seasons, a record that has only been beaten by Johan Cruyff and later had a second spell as Barcelona manager. In 1939 Greenwell became the only non-South American coach to date to win the South American Championship when he guided Peru to their first win. He also served as a manager with CD Castellón, RCD Español, Valencia CF, Sporting de Gijón, RCD Mallorca, Universitario de Deportes and Independiente Santa Fe
Jan 2 Ben-Zion Dinur a Zionist activist, educator, historian and Israeli politician.
Jan 3 Raoul Koczalski a Polish pianist and composer, who fulfilled his promise to become one of the great pianists of all time.
Jan 4 Guy Pène du Bois a 20th-century American painter, art critic, and educator. Born in the U.S. to a French family, his work depicted the culture and society around him: cafes, theatres, and in the twenties, flappers
Jan 5 Arnaud Denjoy a French mathematician.
Jan 5 Ahmed Agdamski an Azerbaijani opera singer, mugam singer and actor.
Jan 6 Isaak Brodsky a Soviet painter whose work provided a blueprint for the art movement of socialist realism. He is known for his iconic portrayals of Lenin and idealized, carefully crafted paintings dedicated to the events of the Russian Civil War and Bolshevik Revolution
Jan 8 Kornel Makuszyński a Polish writer of children's and youth literature. He was an elected member of the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature in the interwar Poland
Jan 8 Bobby Beale an English football goalkeeper.
Jan 9 Sigge Johannessen a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 9 Alexandre Arsène Girault an American entomologist specialising in the study of chalcid wasps. An eccentric and controversial figure, Girault was also a prolific and dedicated entomologist. He published more than 325 papers and described over 3000 new taxa from Australia
Jan 10 Wilhelm Gustav Franz Herter a German botanist and mycologist.
Jan 12 Alberto Ohaco a former Argentine footballer who played for Racing Club de Avellaneda. He won seven league titles and is considered to have been one of the greatest Argentine footballers of all time
Jan 12 Heinrich Lübbe a German engineer working for Dutch aircraft designer Anthony Fokker during the First World War, devised the pioneering Stangensteuerung gun synchronizer which enabled a machine gun to fire through the arc of a fighter aircraft's propeller without the bullets striking the propeller's blades. It was first fitted to Leutnant Otto Parschau's Fokker A.III bearing IdFlieg military serial number A.16/15 in the late spring of 1915, to create the prototype of the entire line of Fokker Eindecker single-seat fighters to come
Jan 12 Texas Guinan an American actress, producer, and entrepreneur.
Jan 14 David Wilson (footballer born 1884) a Scottish professional footballer who played as a wing half. He started his career in the Scottish Football League and went on to play 475 matches in the Football League before retiring at the age of 40. He appeared in one international match for Scotland in 1913. After retiring, he became manager of Nelson and Exeter City
Jan 14 Tetsuzan Nagata a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, famous as the victim of the Aizawa Incident of 1935.
Jan 16 Frederick Yates an English chess master who won the British Chess Championship on six occasions. He started a career in accountancy, but in 1909, abandoned it in favour of becoming a professional chess player and journalist
Jan 16 Heinrich Blum a Czech architect.
Jan 16 Jakub Karol Parnas a prominent Jewish-Polish–Soviet biochemist who contributed to the discovery of the Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway, together with Otto Fritz Meyerhof and Gustav Georg Embden. He became a Soviet activist after the annexation of Western Ukraine in 1939, but he was murdered during the Stalinist Doctors' Plot purge in 1949
Jan 16 Jules Supervielle a French poet and writer born in Uruguay.
Jan 17 Nadezhda Plevitskaya the most popular female Russian singer of the White emigration.
Jan 17 Sergey Gorodetsky a Russian poet, one of the founders of Guild of Poets. He was born in Saint Petersburg, and died in Obninsk
Jan 18 Arthur Ransome an English author and journalist. He is best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of children's books about the school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk Broads. Many of the books involve sailing; fishing and camping are other common subjects. The books remain popular and "Swallows and Amazons" is the basis for a tourist industry around Windermere and Coniston Water, the two lakes Ransome adapted as his fictional North Country lake
Jan 18 Hermann Boehm (admiral) a German naval officer who rose to the rank of General Admiral during the Second World War.
Jan 18 John Eisele an American athlete. He won the silver medal in the 3 mile team race and bronze medal in the 3,200 meters steeplechase at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London
Jan 19 Ivan Maisky a Soviet diplomat, historian, and politician, notable as that country's ambassador to London during much of World War II.
Jan 19 Georgi Kyoseivanov a Bulgarian politician who went on to serve as Prime Minister.
Jan 20 A. Merritt an American Sunday magazine editor and a writer of fantastic fiction.
Jan 21 Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter an early member of the Nazi party. It was Scheubner-Richter along with Alfred Rosenberg who devised the plan to drive the German government to revolution through the Beer Hall Putsch. During the Putsch, he was shot in the lungs and died instantly, at the same time dislocating Hitler's right shoulder
Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. He served as executive director of the ACLU until 1950
Jan 23 George McManus an American cartoonist best known as the creator of Irish immigrant Jiggs and his wife Maggie, the central characters in his syndicated comic strip, Bringing Up Father.
Jan 23 Richard Verderber an Austrian fencer who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 24 Thomas Blamey an Australian general of the First and Second World Wars, and the only Australian ever to attain the rank of field marshal. Blamey joined the Australian Army as a regular soldier in 1906, and attended the Staff College at Quetta. During the First World War he participated in the landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915, and served as a staff officer in the Gallipoli Campaign, where he was mentioned in despatches for a daring raid behind enemy lines. He later served on the Western Front, where he distinguished himself in the planning for the Battle of Pozières. He rose to the rank of brigadier general, and served as chief of staff of the Australian Corps under Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, who credited him as a factor in the Corps' success in the Battle of Hamel, the Battle of Amiens and the Battle of the Hindenburg Line
Jan 25 Phil Carmichael a rugby union player who represented Australia. He won a gold medal in rugby at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews an American explorer, adventurer and naturalist who became the director of the American Museum of Natural History. He is primarily known for leading a series of expeditions through the fragmented China of the early 20th century into the Gobi Desert and Mongolia. The expeditions made important discoveries and brought the first-known fossil dinosaur eggs to the museum. His popular writings about his adventures made him famous
Jan 26 Edward Sapir widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics.
Jan 26 Veniamin Belkin a Russian artist and painter. He made a lot of book artwork and was presented at various exhibitions from 1906, both in the former Soviet Union and abroad
Jan 28 Auguste Piccard a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer.
Jan 29 Rickard Sandler a Swedish Social Democratic politician. He served as Minister without Portfolio in the Swedish government from 10 March 1920 to 30 June 1920, Minister for Finance from 1 July 1920 to 27 October 1920, Minister without Portfolio from 13 October 1921 to 19 April 1923, Minister for Trade from 14 October 1924 to 24 January 1925, Prime Minister from 24 January 1925 to 7 June 1926, and as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 24 September 1932 to 19 June 1936 and again from 28 September 1936 to 13 December 1939. Sandler is the only Swedish Social Democratic Prime Minister who didn't hold the post of party chairman. He is also the second youngest Prime Minister of Sweden – aged of 41 at his admission
Jan 29 Juhan Aavik an Estonian composer.
Jan 29 Douglass Cadwallader an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 30 Pedro Pablo Ramírez de facto President of Argentina from June 7, 1943 to February 24, 1944. He was the founder and leader of Guardia Nacional, Argentina's Fascist militia
Jan 31 Nathaniel Moore an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He was the son of James Hobart Moore, a wealthy businessman with controlling interest in National Biscuit Company, Continental Can, Diamond Match and the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad. He died of natural causes in the Chez Shaw brothel in Chicago's Levee district after spending much of the previous night at the Everleigh Club
Jan 31 Mammad Amin Rasulzade an Azerbaijani statesman, scholar, public figure and the first and only president of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan. His expression "Bir kərə yüksələn bayraq, bir daha enməz!" has become the motto of the independence movement in Azerbaijan in the 20th century
Jan 31 Theodor Heuss a liberal German politician who served as the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany after World War II from 1949 to 1959. Beside stern Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, Heuss' cordial manners largely contributed to the stabilization of democracy in West Germany during the Wirtschaftswunder years
Feb 1 Bradbury Robinson a pioneering American football player, physician, and local politician. He played college football at the University of Wisconsin in 1903 and at Saint Louis University from 1904 to 1907. In 1904, through personal connections to Wisconsin governor Robert La Follette, and his wife, Belle Case, Robinson learned of calls for reforms to the game of football from President Theodore Roosevelt, and began to develop tactics for passing. After moving to Saint Louis University, Robinson threw the first legal forward pass in the history of American football on September 5, 1906, at a game at Carroll College in Waukesha, Wisconsin. He became the sport's first triple threat man, excelling at running, passing, and kicking
Feb 1 Yevgeny Zamyatin a Russian author of science fiction and political satire. He is most famous for his 1921 novel We, a story set in a dystopian future police state. Despite having been a prominent Old Bolshevik, Zamyatin was deeply disturbed by the policies pursued by the CPSU following the October Revolution. In 1921, We became the first work banned by the Soviet censorship board. Ultimately, Zamyatin arranged for We to be smuggled to the West for publication. The subsequent outrage this sparked within the Party and the Union of Soviet Writers led directly to Zamyatin's successful request for exile from his homeland. Due to his use of literature to criticize Soviet society, Zamyatin has been referred to as one of the first Soviet dissidents