1885 in history

1885 events chronologically

Jan 1 Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)
Jan 3 Sino-French War: Beginning of the Battle of Núi Bop
Jan 17 A British force defeats a large Dervish army at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan
Jan 26 Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum, killing the Governor-General Charles George Gordon
Feb 5 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession
Feb 8 The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii
Feb 18 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States

Top 7 most famous people born in 1885

Feb 7 Sinclair Lewis an American novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, which was awarded "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters." His works are known for their insightful and critical views of American capitalism and materialism between the wars. He is also respected for his strong characterizations of modern working women. H.L. Mencken wrote of him, " there was ever a novelist among us with an authentic call to the trade... it is this red-haired tornado from the Minnesota wilds."
Mar 25 Mateiu Caragiale a Romanian poet and prose writer, best known for his novel Craii de Curtea-Veche, which portrays the milieu of boyar descendants before and after World War Caragiale's style, associated with Symbolism, the Decadent movement of the fin de siècle, and early modernism, was an original element in the Romanian literature of the interwar period. In other late contributions, Caragiale pioneered detective fiction locally, but there is disagreement over whether his work in the field produced a complete narrative or just fragments. The scarcity of writings he left is contrasted by their critical acclaim and a large, mostly posthumous, following, commonly known as mateists
Sep 11 D. H. Lawrence an English novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic and painter who published as H. Lawrence. His collected works, among other things, represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanising effects of modernity and industrialisation. In them, some of the issues Lawrence explores are emotional health, vitality, spontaneity and instinct
Oct 7 Niels Bohr a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr was also a philosopher and a promoter of scientific research
Oct 30 Ezra Pound an expatriate American poet and critic who was a major figure of the early modernist movement. His contribution to poetry began with his development of Imagism, a movement derived from classical Chinese and Japanese poetry, stressing clarity, precision and economy of language. His best-known works include Ripostes , Hugh Selwyn Mauberley and the unfinished 120-section epic, The Cantos
Nov 11 George S. Patton a United States Army general, best known for his flamboyant character and his command of the Seventh United States Army, and later the Third United States Army, in the European Theater of World War II.
Nov 30 Albert Kesselring a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War In a military career that spanned both World Wars, Kesselring became one of Nazi Germany's most skilful commanders, being one of 27 soldiers awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. Nicknamed "Smiling Albert" by the Allies and "Uncle Albert" by his troops, he was one of the most popular generals of World War II with the rank and file

Top 7 most famous people died in 1885

Jan 26 Charles George Gordon a British army officer and administrator.
May 22 Victor Hugo a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem. Outside France, his best-known works are the acclaimed novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831. He also produced more than 4,000 drawings, which have since been admired for their beauty, and earned widespread respect as a campaigner for social causes such as the abolition of the death penalty
Jul 23 Ulysses S. Grant the 18th President of the United States. In 1865, as commanding general, Grant led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War. He then implemented Congressional Reconstruction, often at odds with President Andrew Johnson. Twice elected president, Grant led the Radical Republicans in their effort to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African-American citizenship, and defeat the Ku Klux Klan
Oct 29 George B. McClellan a major general during the American Civil War and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1864, who later served as Governor of New Jersey. He organized the famous Army of the Potomac and served briefly as the general-in-chief of the Union Army. Early in the war, McClellan played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army for the Union. Although McClellan was meticulous in his planning and preparations, these characteristics may have hampered his ability to challenge aggressive opponents in a fast-moving battlefield environment. He chronically overestimated the strength of enemy units and was reluctant to apply principles of mass, frequently leaving large portions of his army unengaged at decisive points
Nov 16 Louis Riel a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political and spiritual leader of the Métis people of the Canadian prairies. He led two resistance movements against the Canadian government and its first post-Confederation prime minister, Sir John Macdonald. Riel sought to preserve Métis rights and culture as their homelands in the Northwest came progressively under the Canadian sphere of influence. He is regarded by many today as a Canadian folk hero
Nov 25 Thomas A. Hendricks lawyer and an American politician from Indiana who served as the 16th governor of Indiana and the 21st Vice President of the United States.
Nov 25 Alfonso XII of Spain King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.