Born in 1885

Jan 1 Béla Balogh a Hungarian film director, one of the most prominent of the early 20th century. He was prominent in both silent and voiced productions, and is most known for movies like Havi 200 fix, Ópiumkeringő or Úrilány szobát keres
Jan 1 Claude Congreve Dobson an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 2 Anna Hübler a German pair skater. She was an Olympic champion and two-time World champion with skating partner Heinrich Burger
Jan 2 Gordon Flowerdew a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, received for his actions at the Battle of Moreuil Wood.
Jan 3 Harry Elkins Widener an American businessman and bibliophile, a member of the Widener family. Harvard University's Widener Memorial Library was donated by his mother in his memory, after his death on the foundering of the RMS Titanic
Jan 5 Fernand de Montigny a Belgian fencer and hockey player. He won two silver medals and two bronze in fencing and a bronze in hockey. He was also the architect of the 1920 Olympic Stadium
Jan 5 Humbert Wolfe an Italian-born British poet, man of letters and civil servant.
Jan 6 Heinrich Vollmer a German small-arms designer.
Jan 7 Edwin Swatek an American backstroke swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 8 A. J. Muste a Dutch-born American clergyman and political activist. Muste is best remembered for his work in the labor movement, pacifist movement, anti-war movement, and the U.S. civil rights movement
Jan 8 Mór Kóczán a Hungarian athlete and Calvinist pastor. Specialized for the throwing events, his best results came in the javelin throw, having won five Hungarian championship titles between 1911 and 1918. Kóczán also competed for Hungary at the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics. He produced his best performance in 1912 by winning the bronze medal of the javelin throw event
Jan 8 John Curtin an Australian politician who was the 14th Prime Minister of Australia from 1941 to 1945 and the Leader of the Labor Party from 1935 to 1945. Having first formed a minority government in 1941, Curtin went on to lead Labor to a still-existing record landslide at the 1943 election on both the two-party vote and swing, winning two thirds of seats in the House of Representatives. Curtin successfully led Australia through the period when the nation was directly threatened by the Japanese advance in World War II, and is today widely regarded as one of the country's greatest ever Prime Ministers. With the end of the war in sight, Curtin died in office on 5 July 1945 and was succeeded briefly by Frank Forde and then by Ben Chifley
Jan 8 Boris Hambourg a Russian cellist who made his career in the USA, Canada, England and Europe.
Jan 8 Viktor Pepelyayev a Russian politician associated with the White movement. Brother of Anatoly Pepelyayev
Jan 9 Charles Bacon an American athlete and a member of the Irish American Athletic Club and the New York City Police Department. He won the 400 metres hurdles at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Jan 10 Charles Forsyth a British water polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 Jack Hoxie an American rodeo performer and motion picture actor whose career was most prominent in the silent film era of the 1910s through the 1930s. Hoxie is best recalled for his roles in Westerns and never strayed from the genre
Jan 11 Alice Paul an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist, and the main leader and strategist of the 1910s campaign for the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which prohibits gender discrimination in the right to vote. Along with Lucy Burns and others, Paul strategized the events, such as the Silent Sentinels, which led the successful campaign that resulted in its passage in 1920
Jan 12 Harry Benjamin a German-born, American endocrinologist and sexologist, widely known for his clinical work with transsexualism.
Jan 12 Thomas Ashe a member of the Gaelic League, the Irish Republican Brotherhood and a founding member of the Irish Volunteers.
Jan 13 Rasmus Hansen (gymnast) a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Alfred Fuller a Canadian-born American businessman. He was the original "Fuller Brush Man."
Jan 14 Constantin Sănătescu a Romanian statesman who served as the first Prime Minister of Romania after the August 23, 1944 coup, through which Romania left the Axis Powers and joined the Allies.
Jan 15 Grover Lowdermilk a pitcher in Major League Baseball. From 1909 to 1920, he played for the Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Indians, and Chicago White Sox. In a nine-season career, Lowdermilk posted a 23–39 record with 296 strikeouts and a 3.58 earned run average in 590-1/3 innings pitched. He batted and threw right-handed. Lowdermilk was born in Sandborn, Indiana, and died in Odin, Illinois, at the age of 83
Jan 15 Huang Yuanyong a renowned Chinese author and journalist during the late Qing dynasty and early Republic of China. Huang made significant contributions to journalism and literacy in China, particularly as an innovator in both journalistic methodology and writing style
Jan 15 Miles Burke an American flyweight boxer who competed in the early twentieth century.
Jan 15 Lorenz Böhler an Austrian physician and famous surgeon.
Jan 16 Michel Plancherel a Swiss mathematician. He was born in Bussy and obtained his Diplom in mathematics from the University of Fribourg and then his doctoral degree in 1907 with a thesis written under the supervision of Mathias Lerch. Plancherel was a professor in Fribourg , and from 1920 at ETH Zurich
Jan 16 Zhou Zuoren a Chinese writer, primarily known as an essayist and a translator. He was the younger brother of Lu Xun , the second of three brothers
Jan 16 Sergei Rudenko a prominent Russian/Soviet anthropologist and archaeologist who discovered and excavated the most celebrated of Scythian burials, Pazyryk in Siberia.
Jan 16 Enrico Porro an Italian wrestler of Armenian origin and Olympic champion in Greco-Roman wrestling.
Jan 17 Nikolaus von Falkenhorst a German General in the Second World War. He planned and commanded the German invasion of Denmark and Norway in 1940, and was commander of German troops in the Arctic from 1941 to 1944
Jan 17 Sakae Ōsugi a radical Japanese anarchist. He published numerous anarchist periodicals, helped translate western anarchist essays into Japanese for the first time, and created Japan's first Esperanto school in 1906. He, Noe Itō, and his nephew were murdered in what became known as the Amakasu Incident
Jan 21 Harold A. Wilson an English athlete. Born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England, he won the silver medal in the men's 1500 metres race at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, competing on the Great Britain and Ireland team. He was a member of the Hallamshire Harriers and the Irish American Athletic Club
Jan 21 Umberto Nobile an Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi-rigid airships during the Golden Age of Aviation between the two World Wars. He is primarily remembered for designing and piloting the airship Norge, which may have been the first aircraft to reach the North Pole, and which was indisputably the first to fly across the polar ice cap from Europe to America. Nobile also designed and flew the Italia, a second polar airship; this second expedition ended in a deadly crash and provoked an international rescue effort
Jan 21 André Lagache a French racing driver who, along with René Léonard, won the very first 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1923. Lagache was an engineer at automobile manufacturer Chenard et Walcker, and was chosen to drive their "Sport" model in the inaugural 24 Hours of Le Mans. The duo drove a distance of 2,209 km over 24 hours and beat another Chenard-Walcker by a four lap margin. Lagache continued to run Le Mans for Chenard et Walcker for the next two years, but was unable to finish the event again. Lagache and Léonard however went on to win the Spa 24 Hours in 1925, the second running of that endurance event
Jan 21 Seishirō Itagaki a General in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II and a War Minister. Convicted of war crimes, he was executed in 1948
Jan 21 Duncan Grant a British painter and designer of textiles, pottery and theatre sets and costumes. He was a member of the Bloomsbury Group
Jan 21 Ernst Gustav Kühnert an Estonian architect and art historian of Baltic German origin. He studied at the Riga Technical University from 1902 to 1905 and at the Techniche Hochschule Dresden from 1906 to 1908. From 1910 to 1912 Kühnert worked at a private architecture bureau in Kiel, and during the periods of 1912-1914 and 1918-1944 in Tallinn. In 1945 he moved to Lübeck
Jan 22 Josef Krejcik an Austrian chess master, problemist, journalist and author.
Jan 22 Karl Germer a German occultist and the successor of Aleister Crowley as the Outer Head of the Order of Ordo Templi Orientis from 1947 until his death in 1962. He was born in Elberfeld, Germany and died in West Point, California
Jan 22 Hanns Bolz a German expressionist and cubist painter.
Jan 24 Grigory Pirogov a Russian bass opera singer.
Jan 25 Erich Klausener a German Catholic politician who was murdered in the Night of the Long Knives as the Nazis purged their opponents.
Jan 25 Hakushū Kitahara the pen-name of Kitahara Ryūkichi , a Japanese tanka poet active during the Taishō and Shōwa periods of Japan. He is regarded as one of the most popular and important poets in modern Japanese literature
Jan 25 Roy Geiger a United States Marine Corps General who, during World War II, became the first Marine to lead an army. Marine Corps base Camp Geiger in North Carolina is named in his honor
Jan 26 Michael Considine an Irish-born Australian politician and unionist. He represented the seat of Barrier in the House of Representatives from 1917 to 1922. A controversial figure, Considine was pressured to resign from the Australian Labor Party. He won in 1919 as an independent before joining the Industrial Socialist Labor Party in 1920, but his seat was abolished for the 1922 election and he was defeated in an attempt to transfer to the seat of Darling
Jan 27 Jerome Kern an American composer of musical theatre and popular music. One of the most important American theatre composers of the early 20th century, he wrote more than 700 songs, used in over 100 stage works, including such classics as "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man", "A Fine Romance", "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes", "All the Things You Are", "The Way You Look Tonight", "Long Ago " and "Who?". He collaborated with many of the leading librettists and lyricists of his era, including George Grossmith Jr., Guy Bolton, G. Wodehouse, Otto Harbach, Oscar Hammerstein II, Dorothy Fields, Johnny Mercer, Ira Gershwin and Y. Harburg
Jan 27 Seison Maeda the pseudonym of a nihonga painter in Taishō and Shōwa period Japan. His real name was Maeda Renzō. He is considered one of the greatest contemporary Japanese painters, and one of the leaders of the Nihonga movement
Jan 27 Eduard Künneke a German composer of operettas, operas and theatre music. He was born in Emmerich. His daughter was the actress and singer Evelyn Künneke