1885 events in history

Jan 1 Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)
Jan 3 Sino-French War: Beginning of the Battle of Núi Bop
Jan 17 A British force defeats a large Dervish army at the Battle of Abu Klea in the Sudan
Jan 26 Troops loyal to The Mahdi conquer Khartoum, killing the Governor-General Charles George Gordon
Feb 5 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal possession
Feb 8 The first government-approved Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii
Feb 18 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States
Feb 21 The newly completed Washington Monument is dedicated
Feb 23 Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam
Feb 28 The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York as the subsidiary of American Bell Telephone. (American Bell would later merge with its subsidiary.)
Mar 2 Sino-French War: French victory in the Battle of Hoa Moc near Tuyen Quang, northern Vietnam
Mar 3 The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York
Mar 12 Tonkin Campaign: France captures the citadel of Bắc Ninh
Mar 14 The Mikado, a light opera by W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, receives its first public performance in London
Mar 19 Louis Riel declares a Provisional Government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion
Mar 23 Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Phu Lam Tao near Hung Hoa, northern Vietnam
Mar 24 Sino-French War: Chinese victory in the Battle of Bang Bo on the Tonkin–Guangxi border
Mar 26 The Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel begin the North-West Rebellion against Canada
Mar 30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Panjdeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
Mar 31 The United Kingdom establishes a protectorate over Bechuanaland
Apr 2 Cree warriors attack the village of Frog Lake, North-West Territories, Canada, killing nine
Apr 3 Gottlieb Daimler is granted a German patent for his engine design
Apr 24 American sharpshooter Annie Oakley is hired by Nate Salsbury to be a part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West
Apr 30 Governor of New York David B. Hill signs legislation creating the Niagara Reservation, New York's first state park, ensuring that Niagara Falls will not be devoted solely to industrial and commercial use
May 1 The original Chicago Board of Trade Building opens for business
May 2 Cree and Assiniboine warriors win the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion
May 2 The Congo Free State is established by King Léopold II of Belgium
May 2 Good Housekeeping magazine goes on sale for the first time
May 12 North-West Rebellion: The four-day Battle of Batoche, pitting rebel Métis against the Canadian government, comes to an end with a decisive rebel defeat
May 22 Prior to burial in the Panthéon, the body of Victor Hugo was exposed under the Arc de Triomphe during the night
Jun 3 In the last military engagement fought on Canadian soil, the Cree leader, Big Bear, escapes the North-West Mounted Police
Jun 9 Treaty of Tientsin is signed to end the Sino-French War, with China eventually giving up Tonkin and Annam – most of present-day Vietnam – to France
Jun 17 The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor
Jul 1 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada
Jul 6 Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog
Jul 20 The Football Association legalizes professionalism in association football under pressure from the British Football Association
Aug 8 More than 1.5 million people attend the funeral of Ulysses S. Grant in New York City
Aug 14 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint
Aug 29 Gottlieb Daimler patents the world's first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen
Sep 2 Rock Springs massacre: in Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who are struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers killing 28, wounding 15 and forcing several hundred more out of town
Sep 6 Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. Bulgarian unification is henceforth accomplished
Sep 12 Arbroath 36–0 Bon Accord, a world record scoreline in professional Association football
Sep 22 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule
Sep 28 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination
Sep 29 The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England
Oct 13 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, United States
Nov 7 The completion of Canada's first transcontinental railway is symbolized by the Last Spike ceremony at Craigellachie, British Columbia
Nov 16 Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and "Father of Manitoba" Louis Riel is executed for treason
Nov 17 Serbo-Bulgarian War: The decisive Battle of Slivnitsa begins
Nov 19 Serbo-Bulgarian War: Bulgarian victory in the Battle of Slivnitsa solidifies the unification between the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia