Born in 1886

Jan 1 Harold Halse an English football forward, who played most of his career for Manchester United and then for Chelsea. He was the first player to appear in three FA Cup finals for three different clubs
Jan 1 Garegin Nzhdeh an Armenian statesman and military strategist. As a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, he was involved in national liberation struggle and revolutionary activities during the First Balkan War and World War Garegin Nzhdeh was one of the key political and military leaders of the First Republic of Armenia , and is widely admired as a charismatic national hero by Armenians
Jan 1 Fatix Ämirxan a Tatar classic writer, editor and publicist.
Jan 2 Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel a German general and a member of the July 20 Plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
Jan 2 Apsley Cherry-Garrard an English explorer of Antarctica. He was a survivor of the Terra Nova Expedition and is acclaimed for his historical account of this expedition, The Worst Journey in the World. Born in Lansdowne Road, Bedford, as Apsley George Benet Cherry, the son and eldest child of Major General Apsley Cherry of Denford Park in Berkshire and his wife, Evelyn Edith , daughter of Henry Wilson Sharpin of Bedford. He was educated at Winchester College and Christ Church, Oxford where he read Classics and Modern History. While at Oxford he rowed in the 1908 Christ Church crew which won the Grand Challenge Cup at the Henley Royal Regatta
Jan 2 Lupu Pick a Romanian-born German actor, film director, producer and screenwriter of the silent era. He appeared in 50 films between 1910 and 1928
Jan 3 John Gould Fletcher an Imagist poet , author and authority on modern painting. He was born in Little Rock, Arkansas to a socially prominent family. After attending Phillips Academy, Andover Fletcher went on to Harvard University from 1903 to 1907, when he dropped out shortly after his father's death
Jan 3 Grigory Neujmin a Soviet/Russian astronomer.
Jan 4 Norman W. Walker a British businessman and pioneer in the field of vegetable juicing and nutritional health. He advocated the drinking of fresh raw vegetable and fruit juices, both to regain and to maintain one's health. Based on his design, the Norwalk Hydraulic Press Juicer was developed. This juicer continues to be produced and sold today. Walker wrote several books on nutrition and healthy living
Jan 4 Torsten Kumfeldt a Swedish water polo player and breaststroke swimmer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics, in the 1912 Summer Olympics, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 5 Markus Reiner an Israeli scientist and a major figure in rheology.
Jan 6 Augusts Kepke a Russian cyclist. He competed in two events at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Jan 7 Arthur Rothrock an American sport shooter who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 8 William Coales a British athlete who competed mainly in the distance events.
Jan 8 Thomas January an American amateur football player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 9 Arthur Kronfeld a renowned German-Jewish psychiatrist, and eventually a professor at the University of Berlin. Later in life, Kronfeld took up an important position in Moscow. On 10 October 1936, an exchange between Kronfeld and fellow exiled German-Jewish psychiatrist, James Lewin, was recorded in the proceedings of a meeting of the Moscow Society of Neuropathology and Psychiatry. Later, Kronfeld and his wife committed suicide at the approach of German troops
Jan 9 Lloyd Loar a Gibson sound engineer and master luthier in the early part of the 20th century. He is most famous for his F5 model mandolin, L5 guitar, H5 mandola, K5 mandocello, and A5 mandolin
Jan 11 Thomas Thould an English water polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics representing Great Britain. Thomas played a paramount role in the 1908 final. He was part of the British team, which won the gold medal
Jan 11 Elsa Rendschmidt a German figure skater and the first German woman to win a medal at the Olympic Games.
Jan 11 Viktorin Molchanov a Russian Major-General and a participant in the White movement.
Jan 11 George Zucco an English character actor who appeared, almost always in supporting roles, in 96 films during a career spanning two decades, from 1931 to 1951. In his horror film role he often played a suave villain
Jan 11 Chester Conklin an American comedic actor who appeared in over 280 films, about half of them in the silent film era.
Jan 13 Art Ross a Canadian ice hockey defenceman and executive from 1905 until 1954. Regarded as one of the best defenders of his era by his peers, he was one of the first to skate with the puck up the ice rather than pass it to a forward. He was on Stanley Cup championship teams twice in a playing career that lasted thirteen seasons; in January 1907 with the Kenora Thistles and 1908 with the Montreal Wanderers. Like other players of the time, Ross played for several different teams and leagues, and is most notable for his time with the Wanderers while they were members of the National Hockey Association and its successor, the National Hockey League. In 1911 he led one of the first organized player strikes over increased pay. When the Wanderers' home arena burned down in January 1918, the team ceased operations and Ross retired as a player
Jan 14 Hugh Lofting a British author, trained as a civil engineer, who created the character of Doctor Dolittle, one of the classics of children's literature.
Jan 15 C. D. Howe Clarence Decatur "C. D." Howe, PC was a powerful Canadian Cabinet minister, representing the Liberal Party. Howe served in the governments of Prime Ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King and Louis Laurent continuously from 1935 to 1957. He is credited with transforming the Canadian economy from agriculture-based to industrial. During the Second World War, his involvement in the war effort was so extensive that he was nicknamed the "Minister of Everything."
Jan 15 Jenő Károly particularly noted for being the first manager of Agnelli-era Juventus.
Jan 17 Ronald Firbank an innovative British novelist. His eight short novels, partly inspired by the London aesthetes of the 1890s, especially Oscar Wilde, consist largely of dialogue, with references to religion, social-climbing, and sexuality
Jan 17 Joe Masseria an early Mafia Boss in New York City. He was boss of what is now called the Genovese crime family, one of the New York Mafia's Five Families, from 1922 to 1931. He waged a bloody war to take over the criminal activities in NYC, gaining considerable power for himself. He was killed in 1931
Jan 17 Glenn L. Martin an American aviation pioneer. He designed and built his own aircraft and was an active pilot. He founded his own aircraft company in 1912 which today through several mergers is amalgamated into the Lockheed Martin company
Jan 18 Clara Nordström a German writer and translator of Swedish descent. With the themes of her writing and her Swedish maiden name she profited from the German interest for Scandinavian writers
Jan 18 Alexander Drankov a Russian photographer, cameraman, film producer, and one of the pioneers of the Russian pre-revolutionary cinematography.
Jan 18 Ștefan Dimitrescu a Romanian Post-impressionist painter and draftsman.
Jan 20 Claude Jameson an American amateur football player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 22 John J. Becker an American composer of contemporary classical music, a pianist, a conductor, a writer on music, and an music administrator. He is grouped together with Charles Ives, Carl Ruggles, Henry Cowell, and Wallingford Riegger as a member of the "American Five" composers of "ultra-modern" music
Jan 22 Piotr Buchkin a Soviet and Russian painter, watercolorist, graphic artist, illustrator, and art teacher, Honored Arts Worker of the RSFSR. Buchkin, who lived and worked in Leningrad, was a member of the Leningrad branch of Union of Artists of Russian Federation and was regarded as one of the founders and brightest representatives of the Leningrad school of painting, most famous for his portrait painting
Jan 24 Hans Reck a German volcanologist and paleontologist. In 1913 he was the first to discover the ancient skeleton of a human in the Olduvai Gorge, in what is now Tanzania. He collaborated with Louis Leakey in a return expedition to the site in 1931
Jan 24 Henry King (director) an American film director.
Jan 25 Wilhelm Furtwängler a German conductor and composer. He is considered to be one of the greatest symphonic and operatic conductors of the 20th century
Jan 25 Willie Smith (billiards player) an English professional player of snooker and English billiards. Smith was "by common consent, the greatest all-round billiards player who ever lived"
Jan 25 Morgan Russell a modern American artist. With Stanton Macdonald-Wright, he was the founder of Synchromism, a provocative style of abstract painting that dates from 1912 to the 1920s. Russell's "synchromies," which analogized color to music, were an early American contribution to the rise of Modernism
Jan 27 Frank Nitti an Italian American gangster. One of Al Capone's top henchmen, Nitti was in charge of all strong-arm and 'muscle' operations. Nitti was later the front-man for the Chicago Outfit, the organized crime syndicate headed by Capone
Jan 27 John Hein (wrestler) an American wrestler who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 27 Radhabinod Pal an Indian jurist. He was the Indian member appointed to the International Military Tribunal for the Far East's trials of Japanese war crimes committed during the second World War. Among all the judges of the tribunal, he was the only one who submitted a judgment which insisted all defendants were not guilty. The Yasukuni Shrine and the Kyoto Ryozen Gokoku Shrine have monuments specially dedicated to Judge Pal
Jan 28 José Linhares served as President of the Supreme Federal Court from 1945 to 1956. He assumed the presidency of Brazil from 1945 to 1946, between the deposition of Getúlio Vargas and the oath of Eurico Gaspar Dutra. During his provisional administration, measures were taken to re-establish a democratic system of government
Jan 28 Marthe Bibesco a Romanian-French writer of the Belle Époque. Bibesco's papers are at the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin
Jan 28 Hidetsugu Yagi a Japanese electrical engineer from Osaka. When working at Tohoku University, he wrote several articles that introduced a new antenna design by his colleague Shintaro Uda to the English-speaking world
Jan 29 Alexander Kolowrat an American-born Austrian film producer of Bohemian-Czech descent. A pioneer of Austrian cinema, he founded the first major film studio Sascha-Film in Vienna
Jan 30 Antoine Pevsner a Russian-born sculptor and the older brother of Alexii Pevsner and Naum Gabo. Both Antoine and Naum are considered pioneers of twentieth-century sculpture
Jan 31 Väinö Tiiri a Finnish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Alfonso López Pumarejo a two-time Colombian president and political figure, as a member of the Colombian Liberal Party. He served as president of Colombia for the first time between 1934 and 1938 and again between 1942 and 1945