Born in 1887

Jan 1 Wilhelm Canaris a German admiral, and chief of the Abwehr, the German military intelligence service, from 1935 to 1944. During the Second World War, he was among the military officers involved in the clandestine opposition to Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime. He was executed in the Flossenbürg concentration camp for the act of high treason
Jan 3 Nicolás Fasolino an Argentine Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Santa Fe from 1932 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1967
Jan 3 August Macke one of the leading members of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter. He lived during a particularly innovative time for German art: he saw the development of the main German Expressionist movements as well as the arrival of the successive avant-garde movements which were forming in the rest of Europe. Like a true artist of his time, Macke knew how to integrate into his painting the elements of the avant-garde which most interested him
Jan 3 Helen Parkhurst an American educator, author, lecturer, the originator of the Dalton Plan and the founder of The Dalton School.
Jan 4 Edwin E. Witte an economist who focused on social insurance issues for the state of Wisconsin and for the Committee on Economic Security. While the executive director of the President's Committee on Economic Security under U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, he developed during 1934 the policies and the legislation that became the Social Security Act of 1935. Because of this he is sometimes called "the father of Social Security"
Jan 5 Courtney Hodges an American military officer, most prominent for his role in World War II, in which he commanded the First United States Army in Northwest Europe. In his career Hodges was a notable "mustang" officer, rising from private to general
Jan 5 Oldřich Blažíček a Czech painter, representative of modern landscape paintings.
Jan 6 Hristo Lukov a Bulgarian lieutenant-general and politician, Minister of War, who led the nationalistic Union of Bulgarian National Legions.
Jan 7 Kurt Schneider a German psychiatrist known largely for his writing on the diagnosis and understanding of schizophrenia, as well as personality disorders then known as psychopathic personalities.
Jan 7 Oskar Luts an Estonian writer and playwright.
Jan 9 Vasily Chapayev a celebrated Russian soldier and Red Army commander during the Russian Civil War.
Jan 10 Robinson Jeffers an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. Most of Jeffers' poetry was written in narrative and epic form, but today he is also known for his short verse, and considered an icon of the environmental movement. Once influential and highly regarded, despite his stated 'inhumanism', Jeffers thought transcending conflict required human concerns to be de-emphasized in favor of the boundless whole. This led him to oppose US participation in WW2, a stand that was widely seen as misanthropic or nihilist, and destroyed his reputation
Jan 11 Aldo Leopold an American author, scientist, ecologist, forester, and environmentalist. He was a professor at the University of Wisconsin and is best known for his book A Sand County Almanac , which has sold more than two million copies
Jan 12 Edward Leedskalnin an eccentric Latvian emigrant to the United States and amateur sculptor who single-handedly built the monument known as Coral Castle in Florida. He was also known for his obscure theories on magnetism
Jan 13 Gabriel Gabrio a French stage and film actor whose career began in cinema in the silent film era of the 1920s and spanned more than two decades. Gabrio is possibly best recalled for his roles as Jean Valjean in the 1925 Henri Fescourt-directed adaptation of Victor Hugo's Les Misérables, Cesare Borgia in the 1935 Abel Gance-directed biopic Lucrèce Borgia and as Carlos in the 1937 Julien Duvivier-directed gangster film Pépé le Moko, opposite Jean Gabin
Jan 13 Sophie Tucker a Ukrainian-born American singer, comedian, actress, and radio personality. Known for her stentorian delivery of comical and risqué songs, she was one of the most popular entertainers in America during the first half of the 20th century. She was widely known by the nickname "The Last of the Red Hot Mamas."
Jan 13 Hedd Wyn a Welsh language poet who was killed during the Battle of Passchendaele in World War He was posthumously awarded the bard's chair at the 1917 National Eisteddfod. Evans, who had been awarded several chairs for his poetry, was inspired to take the bardic name Hedd Wyn from the way sunlight penetrated the mist in the Meirionydd valleys
Jan 13 Joel Teitelbaum the founder and first Grand Rebbe of the Satmar dynasty. A major figure in the postwar renaissance of Hasidism, he espoused a strictly conservative and isolationist line, rejecting modernity. Teitelbaum was a fierce opponent of Zionism, which he decried as inherently heretical
Jan 14 Hugo Steinhaus a Polish mathematician and educator. Steinhaus obtained his PhD under David Hilbert at Göttingen University in 1911 and later became a professor at the Jan Kazimierz University in Lwów , where he helped establish what later became known as the Lwów School of Mathematics. He is credited with "discovering" mathematician Stefan Banach, with whom he gave a notable contribution to functional analysis through the Banach–Steinhaus theorem. After World War II Steinhaus played an important part in the establishment of the mathematics department at Wrocław University and in the revival of Polish mathematics from the destruction of the war
Jan 14 Cayetano Saporiti a Uruguayan football goalkeeper who played 51 games for the Uruguay national team between 1905 and 1919.
Jan 16 John Hamilton (actor) an American actor, who appeared in many movies and television programs. He is probably best remembered for his role as the blustery newspaper editor Perry White on the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman
Jan 17 Ola Raknes a Norwegian psychologist, philologist and non-fiction writer. Born in Bergen, Norway, he was internationally known as a psychoanalyst in the Reichian tradition. He has been described as someone who spent his entire life working with the conveying of ideas through many languages and between different epistemological systems of reference, science and religion. For large portions of his life he was actively contributing to the public discourse in Norway. He has also been credited for his contributions to strengthening and enriching the Nynorsk language and its use in the public sphere
Jan 19 Andrei Shkuro a Lieutenant General of the White Army.
Jan 19 Elemér Bokor a Hungarian entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
Jan 19 Alexander Woollcott an American critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine and a member of the Algonquin Round Table.
Jan 20 Antanas Merkys the last Prime Minister of independent Lithuania, serving from November 1939 to June 1940. When the Soviet Union presented an ultimatum to Lithuania demanding that it accept a Soviet garrison, President Antanas Smetona fled the country leaving Merkys as the acting president. Merkys ostensibly cooperated with the Soviets and handed over the power to Justas Paleckis, who formed the so-called People's Government of Lithuania. When Merkys attempted to flee the country, he was captured and deported to the interior of Russia, where he died in 1955
Jan 21 Maude Farris-Luse an American supercentenarian. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, she was the oldest person in the world from June 2001 until her death nine months later, at age 115 years, 56 days. She outlived two husbands and six of her seven children
Jan 21 Ernest Holmes an American New Thought writer, teacher, and leader. He was the founder of a Spiritual movement known as Religious Science, a part of the greater New Thought movement, whose spiritual philosophy is known as "The Science of Mind." He was the author of The Science of Mind and numerous other metaphysical books, and the founder of Science of Mind magazine, in continuous publication since 1927. His books remain in print, and the principles he taught as "Science of Mind" have inspired and influenced many generations of metaphysical students and teachers. Holmes had previously studied another New Thought teaching, Divine Science, and was an ordained Divine Science Minister. His influence beyond New Thought can be seen in the self-help movement
Jan 21 Georges Vézina a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played seven seasons in the National Hockey Association and nine in the National Hockey League , all with the Montreal Canadiens. After being signed by the Canadiens in 1910, Vézina played in 327 consecutive regular season games and a further 39 playoff games, before leaving early during a game in 1925 due to illness. Vézina was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and died on March 27, 1926
Jan 22 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis a Lieutenant in the Royal Fusiliers and an Antarctic explorer who was a member of Sir Douglas Mawson's 1911 Australasian Antarctic Expedition.
Jan 22 Wolfgang Köhler a German psychologist and phenomenologist who, like Max Wertheimer, and Kurt Koffka, contributed to the creation of Gestalt psychology.
Jan 23 Stasys Šimkus a Lithuanian composer.
Jan 23 Kustaa Rovio a Finnish Communist politician who fled to the Russian SFSR after the Finnish Civil War. Rovio was killed during the Great Purge
Jan 23 Miklós Kállay a Hungarian politician who served as Prime Minister of Hungary during World War II, from 9 March 1942 to 22 March 1944.
Jan 23 Vladimir Zotikov a prominent Russian and Soviet scientist and textile engineer best known for having developed the theory of cotton-spinning. He devoted his life to the study and improvement of mechanical technology of fibrous materials
Jan 24 Jean-Henri Humbert a French botanist born in Paris.
Jan 25 Berl Katznelson one of the intellectual founders of Labor Zionism, instrumental to the establishment of the modern state of Israel, and the editor of Davar, the first daily newspaper of the workers' movement.
Jan 25 Diego Valeri (poet) an Italian poet and literary critic.
Jan 26 François Faber a Luxembourgian/French racing cyclist. He was born in France. He was the first foreigner to win the Tour de France in 1909, and his record of winning 5 consecutive stages still stands. He died in World War I while fighting for France
Jan 26 Marc Mitscher a pioneer in naval aviation who became an admiral in the United States Navy, and served as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the Pacific during the latter half of World War II.
Jan 27 Karel Lamač a Czech film director, actor, screenwriter and producer. He directed 102 films between 1919 and 1953. He also appeared in 61 films between 1919 and 1938
Jan 27 Carl Blegen an American archaeologist who worked on the site of Pylos in modern-day Greece and Troy in modern-day Turkey. He directed the University of Cincinnati excavations of the mound of Hisarlik, the site of Troy, from 1932 to 1938
Jan 28 Arthur Rubinstein a Polish American classical pianist. He received international acclaim for his performances of the music written by a variety of composers and many regard him as the greatest Chopin interpreter of his time. He was described by The New York Times as one of the greatest pianists of the twentieth century. He played in public for eight decades
Jan 29 V. K. Wellington Koo Wellington Koo , whose Chinese name is variously romanized as Koo Vi Kyuin, Ku Wei-chün, and Gu Weijun, was a Chinese diplomat from the Republic of China. He was one of China's representatives at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919; served as an Ambassador to France, Great Britain and the United States; was a participant in the founding of the League of Nations and the United Nations; sat as a judge on the International Court of Justice in The Hague from 1957 to 1967. Between October 1926 and June 1927, while serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Koo briefly held the concurrent positions of acting Premier and interim President of the Republic of China. Koo is the first and only Chinese head of state known to use a Western name publicly
Jan 29 Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia the fourth son of Emperor Wilhelm II, German Emperor by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein.
Feb 1 Charles Nordhoff an English-born American novelist and traveler.
Feb 2 Pat Sullivan (film producer) an Australian cartoonist, pioneer animator and film producer, best known for producing the first Felix the Cat silent cartoons.
Feb 2 Mario Roatta an Italian general, best known for his role in Italian Second Army's repression against civilians, that matched the German one in the Slovene- and Croatian-inhabited areas of the Italian-occupied Yugoslavia during World War In his Circular 3C, Roatta ordered summary executions, hostage-taking, reprisals, internments, burning of houses and whole villages, and deportation of 25,000 people, which equaled 7.5% of the total population of Italy-occupied Province of Ljubljana, which filled up the Italian concentration camps on the island of Rab, in Gonars, Monigo , Renicci d'Anghiari, Chiesanuova and elsewhere. The survivors received no compensation from the Italian state after the war
Feb 2 Oswald Carver a British rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics. He died of injuries during the First World War
Feb 2 Ariy Pazovsky a Russian Jewish conductor.