Died in 1887

Jan 12 Stafford Northcote 1st Earl of Iddesleigh a British Conservative politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886, and was one of only two people to hold the office of First Lord of the Treasury without being Prime Minister
Jan 14 Friedrich von Amerling an Austro-Hungarian portrait painter in the court of Franz Josef. He was born in Vienna and was court painter between 1835 and 1880. With Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller he is one of the outstanding Austrian portrait painters of the 19th century
Jan 14 Peter Donders a Dutch Roman Catholic missionary who served the Africans, native inhabitants and lepers of Surinam. He worked in both Paramaribo and Batavia. He is buried in Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral in Paramaribo. He was beatified in 1982 and assigned a feast day on the liturgical calendar
Jan 16 William Babcock Hazen a career United States Army officer who served in the Indian Wars, as a Union general in the American Civil War, and as Chief Signal Officer of the U.S. Army. His most famous service was defending "Hell's Half Acre" at the Battle of Stones River in 1862
Jan 17 William Giblin Premier of Tasmania from 5 March 1878 until 20 December 1878 and from 1879 until 1884.
Jan 19 Semyon Nadson a Russian Empire poet.
Jan 22 Joseph Whitworth an English engineer, entrepreneur, inventor and philanthropist. In 1841, he devised the British Standard Whitworth system, which created an accepted standard for screw threads. Whitworth also created the Whitworth rifle, often called the 'sharpshooter' because of its accuracy and considered one of the earliest examples of a sniper rifle
Jan 27 Wilhelm Henzen a German philologist and epigraphist born in Bremen.
Jan 31 Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski a Polish American engineer, politician, and military leader — during the American Civil War, a brigadier general in the Union Army.
Feb 5 Charles MacGregor an Anglo-Indian explorer, geographer and officer of the British Indian Army. He was the Quartermaster General for the British Army in India, the head of the Intelligence Department for the British Indian Army and served under Frederick Roberts in the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The MacGregor Medal is awarded in his honour
Feb 5 Peder Balke a Norwegian painter. He was known for portraying the nature of Norway in a positive manner and influenced a dramatic and romantic view of the Norwegian landscape
Feb 10 Ellen Wood (author) an English novelist, better known as "Mrs. Henry Wood". She is perhaps remembered most for her 1861 novel East Lynne, but many of her books became international best-sellers, being widely received in the United States and surpassing Charles Dickens' fame in Australia
Feb 11 Mary Tyler Peabody Mann a teacher, author, mother, and wife of Horace Mann, American education reformer and politician.
Feb 15 Joachim IV of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1884 to 1887. He was born in 1830, in Kallimasia, Chios
Feb 17 George Strahan a British military officer and colonial administrator, best known as the Governor of Tasmania from 1881 to 1886.
Feb 17 Leopold von Pebal an Austrian chemist.
Feb 19 Multatuli a Dutch writer famous for his satirical novel, Max Havelaar , which denounced the abuses of colonialism in the Dutch East Indies.
Feb 22 Marie Calm a German author, feminist and advocate of women's suffrage.
Feb 23 Michael Seymour (Royal Navy officer) a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.
Feb 26 Anandi Gopal Joshi one of the first two Indian and South Asian women to obtain a degree in Western medicine in 1886. She is also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil
Feb 27 Adolf Friedrich Stenzler a German Indologist born in Wolgast.
Feb 27 Alexander Borodin a Russian Romantic composer, doctor and chemist. He was a member of the group of composers called The Five , who were dedicated to producing a specifically Russian kind of art music. He is best known for his symphonies, his two string quartets, In the Steppes of Central Asia and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the US musical Kismet
Feb 28 Luigi Jacobini an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Vatican Secretary of State from 1880 until his death and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1879.
Mar 2 August W. Eichler a German botanist who modified the classification system to better reflect the relationships between plants.
Mar 2 Alfred von Gutschmid born at Loschwitz near.
Mar 4 Peter Jan Beckx Very Rev. Peter Jan Beckx, S.J. was a Belgian Jesuit, elected 22nd Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
Mar 7 Carl Ferdinand von Arlt an Austrian ophthalmologist born in Ober-Graupen, a village near Teplitz in Bohemia.
Mar 8 Paul Féval père a French novelist and dramatist.
Mar 8 Henry Ward Beecher an American Congregationalist clergyman, social reformer, and speaker, known for his support of the abolition of slavery, his emphasis on God's love, and his 1875 adultery trial.
Mar 8 James Buchanan Eads a world-renowned American civil engineer and inventor, holding more than 50 patents.
Mar 9 Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein a Polish noblewoman who pursued a forty-year liaison/relationship with Franz Liszt. She was also an amateur journalist and essayist and it is conjectured that she did much of the actual writing of several of Liszt's publications, especially his Life of Chopin. She pursued an enormous correspondence with Liszt and many others which is of vital historical interest. She admired and encouraged Hector Berlioz, as is clear from their extensive correspondence. Berlioz dedicated Les Troyens to Princess Carolyne. She was portrayed by Capucine in the 1960 film Song Without End
Mar 11 Ludvig Mathias Lindeman a Norwegian composer and organist. He is most noted for compiling Norwegian folk music in his work Ældre og nyere norske Fjeldmelodier
Mar 14 Johann Georg Rosenhain a German mathematician who introduced theta characteristics.
Mar 19 Józef Ignacy Kraszewski a Polish writer, historian and journalist who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews. He is best known for his epic series on the history of Poland, comprising twenty-nine novels in seventy-nine parts
Mar 19 Ferdinand Didrichsen a Danish botanist and physicist.
Mar 20 Pavel Annenkov a significant Russian literary critic and memoirist.
Mar 24 Justin Holland an American classical guitarist, a music teacher, a community leader, a black man who worked with white people to help slaves on the Underground Railroad, and an activist for equal rights for African Americans.
Mar 24 Jean-Joseph Farre a French general and statesman.
Apr 6 Ivan Kramskoi a Russian painter and art critic. He was an intellectual leader of the Russian democratic art movement in 1860-1880
Apr 10 Wilhelm Adolf Schmidt a German historian.
Apr 17 Thomas Gore Browne a British colonial administrator, who was Governor of St Helena, Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Tasmania and Governor of Bermuda.
Apr 20 Muhammad Sharif Pasha an Egyptian statesman of Turkish origin. He served as Prime Minister of Egypt three times during his career. His first term was between April 7, 1879 and August 18, 1879. His second term was served from September 14, 1881 to February 4, 1882. His final term was served between August 21, 1882 and January 7, 1884
Apr 29 John Noble Goodwin a United States attorney and politician who served as the first Governor of Arizona Territory. He was also a Congressman from Maine and served as Arizona Territory's delegate to the United States House of Representatives
Apr 30 Édouard Dapples a Swiss politician, syndic of Lausanne from 1843 to 1848 and from 1857 to 1867, member of the Swiss National Council from 1851 to 1854 and from 1857 to 1866, he presided this assembly in 1861. Avenue Édouard Dapples in Lausanne is named after him
May 4 Juliusz Konstanty Ordon a participant of the Polish November Uprising in 1830-1831.
May 7 Samuel Cousins an English mezzotint engraver.
May 7 C. F. W. Walther the first President of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod and its most influential theologian. He is commemorated by that church on its Calendar of Saints on May 7. He has been described as a man who sacrificed his homeland, his health and nearly his life for the freedom to speak freely, to believe freely, and to live freely. He was dedicated to his Church and the faith for those he loved
May 8 Aleksandr Ulyanov a Russian revolutionary and older brother of Vladimir Lenin. He was also known familiarly by Sacha
May 8 Pakhomy Andreyushkin a Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya.
May 11 Jean-Baptiste Boussingault a French chemist who made significant contributions to agricultural science, petroleum science and metallurgy.