Born in 1888

Jan 1 Jens Laursen a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics, held in Stockholm, Sweden.
Jan 1 John Garand a Canadian-American designer of firearms best known for creating the first successful semi-automatic rifle to be widely used in active military service, the M1 Garand.
Jan 1 Chesley Bonestell an American painter, designer and illustrator. His paintings were a major influence on science fiction art and illustration, and he helped inspire the American space program. An early pioneering creator of astronomical art, along with the French astronomer-artist Lucien Rudaux, Bonestell was dubbed the "Father of Modern Space Art"
Jan 1 Georgios Stanotas a Greek cavalry officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General.
Jan 2 Archduchess Renata of Austria a daughter of Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria and a first cousin of King Alphonso XIII of Spain. A member of the Teschen branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth, she renounced her titles in 1909 upon her marriage to Prince Jerome Radziwiłł
Jan 3 Jacob Bolotin Born in 1888 to a poor immigrant family in Chicago, Jacob Bolotin fought prejudice and misconceptions about the capabilities of blind people in order to win acceptance to medical school and then into the medical profession. He fought his way into and through the Chicago College of Medicine, graduated with honors at twenty-four, and became the world's first totally blind physician fully licensed to practice medicine. He was particularly recognized for his expertise on diseases of the heart and lungs. Bolotin used his many public speaking engagements to advocate for the employment of the blind and their full integration into society. When Jacob Bolotin died at the young age of thirty-six, five thousand people attended his funeral
Jan 3 Hermine Stindt a German freestyle swimmer, who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 3 Nils Silfverskiöld an Orthopedic Surgeon.
Jan 3 Fritz-Hubert Gräser a German officer. Having served in World War I, he was a general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 4 Walther Kossel a German physicist known for his theory of the chemical bond , Sommerfeld–Kossel displacement law of atomic spectra, the Kossel-Stranski model for crystal growth, and the Kossel effect. Walther was the son of Albrecht Kossel who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1910
Jan 5 Anton Harapi a Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order as well as a writer and political figure.
Jan 6 Vahram Papazian a Soviet actor who was an ethnic Armenian, mostly known for his Shakespearean roles. Vahram had done plays in Istanbul, Tiflis, Baku Armenian theaters, Moscow's Maly Theatre and in France, Italy, Austria, Spain, and Belgium. Papazian began his career in 1908, where he was regarded as one of the best Armenian actors at the time. Before his death he was known as the leading star in the Sundukyan Academic Theatre. The Council of National Literature's wrote that 'Vahram Papazian's Othello dominated the Armenian stage for more than half a century'
Jan 7 Vera de Bosset a Russian born American dancer and artist. She is better known as the mistress and, ultimately, second wife of the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky who married her in 1940
Jan 8 Boris Verlinsky a Ukrainian-Russian International Master of chess. He was one of the top Soviet players of the 1920s. Verlinsky was deaf as a result of Meningitis as a youngster
Jan 8 Matt Moore (actor) an Irish-born American actor and director. He appeared in at least 221 motion pictures from 1912 to 1958
Jan 8 Richard Courant a German mathematician. He is best known by the general public for the book What is Mathematics?, co-written with Herbert Robbins, which was praised by Albert Einstein:
Jan 9 Alfred Plé a French rower who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 Joseph B. Keenan a United States political figure. He served in the administrations of Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman, and was the chief prosecutor in the International Military Tribunal for the Far East
Jan 12 Fritz Kachler an Austrian figure skater. He was the 1912, 1913, and 1923 World champion and the 1914 & 1924 European champion
Jan 12 Sergey Pesteryev a Russian cyclist. He competed in two events at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Jan 13 Anton Makarenko a Russian and Soviet educator and writer, who promoted democratic ideas and principles in educational theory and practice. As one of the founders of Soviet pedagogy, he elaborated the theory and methodology of upbringing in self-governing child collectives and introduced the concept of productive labor into the educational system. Makarenko is often reckoned among the world’s great educators, and his books have been published in many countries
Jan 13 Sergei Borisovitch Krylov a Soviet diplomat and one of the authors of the UN Charter. He served as a judge of the International Court of Justice from its beginning in 1946 until 1952. He taught at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Jan 15 Saifuddin Kitchlew an Indian freedom fighter, barrister and an Indian Muslim nationalist leader. An Indian National Congress politician, he first became Punjab Pradesh Congress Committee head and later the General Secretary of the AICC in 1924. He is most remembered for the protests in Punjab after the implementation of Rowlatt Act in March 1919, after which on April 10, he and another leader Satya Pal, were secretly sent to Dharamsala. A public protest rally against their arrest and that of Gandhi, on April 13, 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, led to the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre
Jan 16 Daniel Norling a Swedish gymnast and horse rider who participated in the 1908 Summer Olympics, in the 1912 Summer Olympics, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 16 Mariano Jesús Cuenco a Filipino Cebuano politician and writer.
Jan 16 Osip Brik one of the most important members of the Russian formalist school, though he also identified himself as one of the Futurists.
Jan 17 Babu Gulabrai a significant figure in modern Hindi literature.
Jan 18 Thomas Sopwith an English aviation pioneer and yachtsman.
Jan 20 Tryggve Gran a Norwegian aviator, explorer and author. He was the skiing expert on the 1910–13 Scott Antarctic Expedition and was the first person to fly across the North Sea
Jan 20 Lead Belly an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the songbook of folk standards he introduced.
Jan 22 Carlos Quintanilla General Carlos Quintanilla Quiroga served as the de facto President of Bolivia from August 1939 until April 1940. Quintanilla saw action during the Chaco War of 1932-35, and managed to ascend the echelon of the Bolivian armed forces until he became Commander of the Army during the administration of Germán Busch. When President Busch committed suicide on August 23, 1939, the Bolivian military entrusted Quintanilla with the role of assuming power and calling elections
Jan 23 Aritomo Gotō an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Jan 24 Jan Syrový a Czechoslovak Army four star general and the prime minister during the Munich Crisis.
Jan 24 Ernst Heinkel a German aircraft designer, manufacturer, Wehrwirtschaftsführer in the Third Reich, and member of the Nazi party. His company Heinkel Flugzeugwerke produced the Heinkel He 178, the world's first turbojet aircraft and jet plane, and the Heinkel He 176, the first rocket aircraft. He was awarded the German National Prize for Art and Science in 1938
Jan 24 Vicki Baum an Austrian writer. She is known for Menschen im Hotel , one of her first international successes
Jan 27 Jan Nagórski a Polish engineer and pioneer of aviation, the first person to fly an airplane in the Arctic and the first aviator to perform a loop with a flying boat.
Jan 27 Victor Goldschmidt a mineralogist considered to be the founder of modern geochemistry and crystal chemistry, developer of the Goldschmidt Classification of elements.
Jan 27 Countess Ina Marie von Bassewitz the wife of Prince Oskar of Prussia.
Jan 28 Kaarlo Soinio a Finnish gymnast and amateur football player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 28 Louis J. Mordell an American-born British mathematician, known for pioneering research in number theory. He was born in Philadelphia, USA, in a Jewish family of Lithuanian extraction
Jan 29 Sydney Chapman (mathematician) a British mathematician and geophysicist. His work on the kinetic theory of gases, solar-terrestrial physics, and the Earth's ozone layer has inspired a broad range of research over many decades
Feb 1 Franciszek Kleeberg a Polish general. He served in the Austro-Hungarian Army before joining the Polish Legions in World War I and later the Polish Army. During the German Invasion of Poland he commanded Independent Operational Group Polesie. He never lost a battle in the Invasion of Poland, although he was eventually forced to surrender after his forces ran out of ammunition. Imprisoned in Oflag IV-B Koenigstein, he died in hospital in Dresden on 5 April 1941 and was buried there
Feb 1 Gertrude Caton–Thompson an influential English archaeologist at a time when participation by women in the discipline was uncommon.
Feb 1 Henri Pequet a pilot in the first official airmail flight on February 18, 1911. The 23 year old Frenchman, in India for an airshow, delivered about 6,500 letters when he flew from Allahabad Airport to Naini, about 10 kilometers away. He flew a Humber-Sommer biplane with about fifty horsepower , and made the journey in thirteen minutes
Feb 1 Charles January an American amateur football player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 4 Paul Althaus a German Lutheran theologian, son of Adolf Paul Johannes Althaus. He was born in Obershagen in the Province of Hanover, and he died in Erlangen. He held various pastorates from 1914 to 1925, when he was appointed associate professor of practical and systematic theology at the University of Göttingen, becoming full professor two years later. Althaus was moderately critical of Lutheran Orthodoxy and evangelical-leaning Neo-Lutheranism. He termed it a “mistake” to “defend the authenticity and infallibility of the Bible.”
Feb 5 Bruce Fraser 1st Baron Fraser of North Cape a senior Royal Navy officer. He served in World War I and saw action during the Gallipoli Campaign and took part in the internment of the German High Seas Fleet at the end of the War. He also served in World War II initially as Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy and then as Second-in-Command and afterwards as Commander of the Home Fleet, leading the force that destroyed the Scharnhorst. He went on to be First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in which role he assisted in establishing NATO and agreed to the principle that the Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic should be an American Admiral, in the face of fierce British opposition
Feb 5 Georgy Oppokov a prominent Bolshevik, he was a Left Communist and subsequently a member of the Left Opposition and People's Commissar for Justice.
Feb 5 Ludvigs Bolšteins a Latvian general. From 1925 to 1928 Bolšteins was commander of the Aizsargi home guard, from 1928 to 1940 commander of the Latvian border guard
Feb 6 Haven Gillespie an American Tin Pan Alley composer and lyricist. He was the writer of "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town" as well as "You Go to My Head", "Honey", "By the Sycamore Tree", "That Lucky Old Sun", "Breezin' Along With The Breeze", "Right or Wrong," "Beautiful Love", "Drifting and Dreaming", and "Louisiana Fairy Tale" , each song in collaboration with other people such as Beasley Smith, Ervin Schmidt, Richard Whiting, Wayne King, and Loyal Curtis