1888 events in history

Jan 3 The refracting telescope at the Lick Observatory, measuring 91 cm in diameter, is used for the first time. It was the largest telescope in the world at the time
Jan 27 The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C
Mar 11 The Great Blizzard of 1888 begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400
Mar 15 Start of the Anglo-Tibetan War of 1888
Mar 20 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta is staged in Moscow, Russia
Mar 23 In England, The Football League, the world's oldest professional Association Football league, meets for the first time
Apr 3 The first of eleven unsolved brutal murders of women committed in or near the impoverished Whitechapel district in the East End of London, occurs
Apr 6 Thomas Green Clemson dies, bequeathing his estate to the State of South Carolina to establish Clemson Agricultural College
Apr 11 The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated
May 13 With the passage of the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law"), Brazil abolishes slavery
May 16 Nikola Tesla delivers a lecture describing the equipment which will allow efficient generation and use of alternating currents to transmit electric power over long distances
Jun 3 The poem "Casey at the Bat", by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner
Jun 5 The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place
Jun 15 Crown Prince Wilhelm becomes Kaiser Wilhelm II; he will be the last Emperor of the German Empire. Due to the death of his predecessors Wilhelm I and Frederick III, 1888 is the Year of the Three Emperors
Jun 29 George Edward Gouraud records Handel's Israel in Egypt onto a phonograph cylinder, thought for many years to be the oldest known recording of music
Jul 15 The stratovolcano Mount Bandai erupts killing approximately 500 people, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan
Aug 5 Bertha Benz drives from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the first long distance automobile trip, commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008
Aug 14 An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivan's "The Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made, is played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's phonograph in London, England
Aug 21 The first successful adding machine in the United States is patented by William Seward Burroughs
Aug 31 Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims
Sep 4 George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak and receives a patent for his camera that uses roll film
Sep 6 Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season. This feat has since been accomplished by Tom Richardson (twice), J. T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times)
Sep 8 In Spain, the first travel of Isaac Peral's submarine, was the first practical submarine ever made
Sep 8 In London, the body of Jack the Ripper's second murder victim, Annie Chapman, is found
Sep 8 In England the first six Football League matches are played
Sep 22 The first issue of National Geographic Magazine is published
Sep 30 Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes
Oct 9 The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public
Oct 14 Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene
Oct 15 The "From Hell" letter sent by Jack the Ripper is received by investigators
Oct 17 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie)
Oct 21 Foundation of the Swiss Social Democratic Party
Oct 29 The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
Oct 30 Rudd Concession granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd
Nov 9 Mary Jane Kelly is murdered in London, widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper
Dec 9 Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department
Dec 18 Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Indian ruins of Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde