Born in 1889

Jan 1 Kensaku Segoe a professional Go player.
Jan 1 Eric Harold Neville known as H. Neville was an English mathematician. A heavily fictionalised portrayal of his life is rendered in the 2007 novel The Indian Clerk
Jan 2 Alexander Kazakov the most successful Russian flying ace and fighter pilot during the First World War.
Jan 2 Roger Adams an American organic chemist. He is best known for the eponymous Adams' catalyst, and his work did much to determine the composition of naturally occurring substances such as complex vegetable oils and plant alkaloids. As the Department Head of Chemistry at the University of Illinois from 1926 to 1954, he also greatly influenced graduate education in America, taught over 250 Ph.D. students and postgraduate students, and served the U.S. as a scientist at the highest levels during World War I and World War II
Jan 2 Bertram Stevens (politician) the Premier of New South Wales from 16 May 1932 to 5 August 1939.
Jan 4 M. Patanjali Sastri the second Chief Justice of India, serving in the post from 7 November 1951 to 3 January 1954.
Jan 7 Arthur Mole a British-born, naturalized American commercial photographer. He became famous for a series of "living photographs" made during World War I, in which tens of thousands of soldiers, reservists and other members of the military were arranged to form massive compositions. Although if viewed from the ground or from directly above, these masses of men would appear meaningless, when seen from the top of an 80-foot viewing tower, they clearly appeared to be various patriotic shapes. The key was to photograph the people from the one place where the lines of perspective would resolve themselves into intelligible images. His partner in this endeavor was John Thomas
Jan 7 Hans Johner a Swiss chess player.
Jan 8 Erhard Raus an Austrian Generaloberst during World War He commanded the 6th Panzer Division during the early years of the war on the Eastern Front before taking Army and Army Group commands. Raus was one of three Austrians who rose to the rank of Colonel General within the German Wehrmacht. The other two were Alexander Löhr and Lothar Rendulic
Jan 9 Vrindavan Lal Verma born on 9 January 1889 to a noble Srivastava Kayasthya family at Mauranipur. He was honoured with Padma Bhushan for his literary works; Agra University presented him with honorary Lit. He received Soviet Land Nehru Award and the government India also awarded him for his novel, Jhansi Ki Rani
Jan 10 Maurice Collis an administrator in Burma when it was part of the British Empire, and afterwards a writer on Southeast Asia, China and other historical subjects.
Jan 10 Efrem Forni an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Nuncio to Belgium and Internuncio to Luxembourg from 1953 to 1962, and was elevated to the Cardinalate in 1962.03.19. by Saint John XXIII s.s. Pope of Saint Roman Church
Jan 11 Calvin Bridges an American scientist, known for his contributions to the field of genetics. Along with Alfred Sturtevant and H.J. Muller, Bridges was part of the famous fly room of Thomas Hunt Morgan at Columbia University
Jan 12 Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad Khalifatul Masih II, head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the eldest son to survive to adulthood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad from his second wife, Nusrat Jahan Begum. He was elected as the second successor of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad on 14 March 1914 at the age of 25, the day after the death of his predecessor Hakeem Noor-ud-Din
Jan 13 Vasily Fesenkov a Soviet Russian astrophysicist.
Jan 13 Lev Mekhlis a Soviet politician.
Jan 13 Serge Elisséeff a Franco-Russian-American academic, an early Sinologist and Japanologist. He began studying Japanese at the University of Berlin, but he transferred to Tokyo Imperial University in 1912, making him the first Westerner to do so
Jan 13 Nolini Kanta Gupta the most senior of Sri Aurobindo's disciples. He was born in Faridpur, East Bengal, to a cultured and prosperous Vaidya-Brahmin family. While in his teens he came under the influence of Sri Aurobindo, then a well known revolutionary fighting for independence against the British. When in his fourth year at Presidency College, Calcutta, he left a promising academic career and rejected a lucrative government job to join a small revolutionary group under Sri Aurobindo. In May 1908 he was among those arrested for conspiracy in the Alipore bomb case. Acquitted a year later, after having spent a year in jail, he worked as a sub-editor for the Dharma and the Karmayogin, two of Sri Aurobindo's Nationalist newspapers, in 1909 and 1910
Jan 15 Walter Serner a German-language writer and essayist. His manifesto Letzte Lockerung was an important text of Dadaism
Jan 17 Ralph H. Fowler a British physicist and astronomer.
Jan 17 Giuseppe Beltrami an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Internuncio to the Netherlands from 1959 to 1967, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1967.
Jan 18 Kanji Ishiwara a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War He and Itagaki Seishirō were the men primarily responsible for the Mukden Incident that took place in Manchuria in 1931.
Jan 19 Sophie Taeuber-Arp a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, and dancer. She is considered one of the most important artists of geometric abstraction of the 20th century
Jan 20 Vladimir Markov (footballer) an association football player.
Jan 20 Lev Karakhan an ethnic Armenian-born Russian revolutionary and a Soviet diplomat. A member of the RSDLP from 1904. At first a Menshevik, he joined the Bolsheviks in May 1917
Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead an American aviation pioneer and engineer. He formed the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company along with his brother, Malcolm Loughead that became Lockheed Corporation
Jan 21 Edith Tolkien the wife and muse of novelist R. Tolkien. She is best known as the inspiration for his fictional characters Lúthien Tinúviel and Arwen Evenstar
Jan 21 Pitirim Sorokin a Russian American sociologist born in modern-day Komi. An academic and political activist in Russia, he emigrated from Russia to the United States in 1923. In 1930 at age 40, Sorokin was personally requested by the president of Harvard University to accept a position there. At Harvard, he founded the Department of Sociology. He was a vocal critic of his colleague Talcott Parsons. Sorokin was an ardent opponent of communism, which he regarded as a "pest of man." He is best known for his contributions to the social cycle theory
Jan 22 Henri Pélissier a French racing cyclist from Paris and champion of the 1923 Tour de France. In addition to his 29 career victories, he was known for his long-standing feud with Tour founder Henri Desgrange and for protesting against the conditions endured by riders in the early years of the Tour. He was killed by his lover with the gun that his wife had used to commit suicide
Jan 22 Amos Strunk a center fielder who played in Major League Baseball from 1908 through 1924. A member of four World Series champion teams, Strunk batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Jan 22 Willi Baumeister a German painter, scenic designer, art professor, and typographer.
Jan 24 Charles Hawes an American writer of fiction and nonfiction sea stories, best known for three historical novels. He died suddenly at age 34, after only two of his five books had been published. He was the first U.S.-born winner of the annual Newbery Medal, recognizing his third novel The Dark Frigate as the year's best American children's book. Reviewing the Hawes Memorial Prize Contest in 1925, The New York Times observed that "his adventure stories of the sea caused him to be compared with Stevenson, Dana and Melville"
Jan 24 Vladimir Shcherbachov a Russian composer of the Soviet era.
Jan 24 Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke a German general. He was a recipient of the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Swords, Oak Leaves, and Diamonds, one of only 27 people in the German military so decorated. Ramcke's career was unusual in that he served in all three branches of the German armed forces
Jan 26 Robert Cloughen an American athlete, a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, and a member of the 1908 U.S. Olympic team. His father John was the fifth Manhattan Borough President in 1909 and also New York City's Commissioner of Public Works
Jan 27 Ivan Zakharkin a Soviet lieutenant general in the Red Army during World War II, commander of the 49th Army during the Battle of Moscow.
Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol a Dutch physicist.
Jan 28 Edwin C. Kemble an American physicist who made contributions to the theory of quantum mechanics and molecular structure and spectroscopy. During World War II, he was a consultant to the Navy on acoustic detection of submarines and to the Army on Operation Alsos
Jan 29 Jerzy Józef Potocki a Polish nobleman, captain of the cavalry and diplomat. His parents were Roman Potocki, Third Ordynat of Łańcut, and Elżbieta Matylda Radziwiłł. He was the grandson of Alfred Józef Potocki and great-great-grandson of Jan Potocki
Jan 30 Okinori Kaya the Japanese finance minister between 1941 and 1944. In 1945, he was captured by the Allies, tried by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment. Paroled in 1955, he later served as justice minister from 1957 until 1960
Jan 30 Antonio Caggiano an archbishop and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in Argentina.
Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad one of the most famous figures in modern Hindi literature as well as Hindi theatre.
Jan 31 Frank Foster (cricketer) a Warwickshire and England all-rounder whose career was cut short by an accident during World War Nonetheless, his achievements during the early 1910s are sufficient to rank him as one of cricket's finest all-round players.
Feb 1 John Lewis (philosopher) a British Unitarian minister and Marxist philosopher and author of many works on philosophy, anthropology, and religion.
Feb 2 Vasily Vasilievich Struve a Soviet orientalist from the Struve family, the founder of the Soviet scientific school of researchers on Ancient Near East history.
Feb 2 Robert Martinek an artillery officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I, the Austrian Bundesheer and, during World War II, in the Wehrmacht Heer, who came to be regarded as one of the most skilled artillerymen of his generation.
Feb 2 Kim Tu-bong known in Korean history as a linguist, scholar, and politician. His most famous work was under Ju Sigyeong; later, after participating in the March 1st Movement, he with other Korean leaders of the time established the Provencial government in China and because of his communist beliefs he played an important role in the early North Korean communist regime. He formed the New People's Party. After the New People's Party merged into the Workers Party of North Korea in 1946 at the 1st WPNK Congress, he became WPNK Chairman. He was the first head of state of North Korea from 1948 to 1957. He is most remembered in South Korea for his efforts in establishing the Korean linguistic field and especially that of Hangul. Much of his work both political and linguistically was done while living in China with the exiled government of Korea. He is also known by his pen name Baekyeon. He was purged by Kim Il Sung in 1957
Feb 2 Jean de Lattre de Tassigny a French military hero of World War II and commander in the First Indochina War.
Feb 3 Andreas Strand a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 3 Risto Ryti the fifth president of Finland, from 1940 to 1944. Ryti started his career as a politician in the field of economics and as a political background figure during the interwar period. He made a wide range of international contacts in the world of banking and within the framework of the League of Nations. Ryti served as prime minister during the Winter War and the Interim Peace. Later he served as president during the Continuation War. After the war, Ryti was the main defendant in the Finnish War-responsibility trials