Died in 1889

Jan 2 Bartolomé Calvo now Colombia, in 1861 in his role as Inspector General, because no elections were held on that year to the decide the presidency. He also served as Governor of Panama and Ambassador to Ecuador, and worked in a number of newspapers
Jan 9 Alessandro Gavazzi an Italian preacher and patriot. He at first became a monk , and attached himself to the Barnabites at Naples, where he afterwards acted as professor of rhetoric
Jan 10 William Brooke O'Shaughnessy an Irish physician famous for his work in pharmacology and inventions related to telegraphy. His medical research led to the development of intravenous therapy and introduced the therapeutic use of Cannabis sativa to Western medicine
Jan 10 Martin Andreas Udbye a Norwegian composer and organist.
Jan 13 Solomon Bundy an attorney and politician, a United States Representative from New York. He had earlier served as district attorney of Chenango County, New York
Jan 14 Ema Pukšec a famous 19th-century soprano opera singer from Croatia.
Jan 15 Melchior Josef Martin Knüsel a Swiss politician from Lucerne, member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Jan 17 Juan Montalvo an Ecuadorian author and essayist.
Jan 19 Francis Hueffer a German–English writer on music, music critic, and librettist.
Jan 19 Jenaro Quesada 1st Marquis of Miravalles a Spanish soldier.
Jan 19 Ranald S. Mackenzie a career United States Army officer and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, described by General Ulysses Grant as its most promising young officer. He also served with great distinction in the following Indian Wars
Jan 22 Carlo Pellegrini an artist who served from 1869 to 1889 as a caricaturist for Vanity Fair magazine, a leading journal of London society. He was born in Capua, then in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. His father came from an ancient land-owning family, while his mother was descended from the Medici. His work for the magazine made his reputation and he became its most influential artist
Jan 23 Alexandre Cabanel a French painter born in Montpellier, Hérault. He painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. He was also well known as a portrait painter. According to Diccionario Enciclopedico Salvat, Cabanel is the best representative of the L'art pompier and Napoleon III's preferred painter
Jan 23 Ignacy Domeyko a Polish geologist, mineralogist and educator. Domeyko spent most of his life, and died, in his adopted country, Chile
Jan 25 Henry-Clément Sanson a French executioner. He held the position of Royal Executioner of the City of Paris, serving King Louis-Philippe I from 1840 to 1847
Jan 26 William Buell Richards the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Jan 28 Đồng Khánh the ninth emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. He reigned three years between 1885 and 1889, and was considered one of the most despised emperors of his era
Jan 30 Baroness Mary Vetsera a member of Austrian "second society" and one of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria's mistresses. Vetsera and Rudolf were found dead, an apparent murder suicide, at his hunting lodge, Mayerling
Jan 30 Rudolf Crown Prince of Austria Archduke of Austria and Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, was the heir apparent to the Austro-Hungarian Empire from birth. In 1889, he died in a suicide pact with his mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsera, at the Mayerling hunting lodge. The ensuing scandal made international headlines and remains a cause of speculation more than a century later
Feb 1 Joseph Gungl a Austrian composer, bandmaster, and conductor.
Feb 3 Belle Starr a notorious American outlaw.
Feb 5 James Smetham an English Pre-Raphaelite painter and engraver, a follower of Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
Feb 5 Ole Jacob Broch a Norwegian mathematician, physicist, economist and politician. Broch was born in Fredrikstad, the son of war commissary Johan Jørgen Broch and Jensine Laurentze Bentzen. He showed a talent for mathematics at an early age, and after studies in Christiania , he travelled abroad. Through studies in Paris, Berlin and Königsberg, he developed an interest also for optics and statistics
Feb 7 Francisco Antonino Vidal born in San Carlos, Uruguay, in Maldonado Department, and was a senator and two-time president of Uruguay.
Feb 9 Peter Lalor an activist turned politician who rose to fame for his leading role in the Eureka Rebellion, an event controversially identified with the "birth of democracy" in Australasia. He is famous for being the only outlaw to make it to parliament
Feb 12 Andrew Greenwood an English cricketer, who played in the first two cricket Tests. Greenwood was small in height, but a gutsy batsman, who was also noted for his fielding in the deep
Feb 12 Mori Arinori a Meiji period Japanese statesman, diplomat, and founder of Japan's modern educational system.
Feb 13 João Maurício Vanderlei Baron of Cotejipe a magistrate and Brazilian politician of the Conservative Party.
Feb 15 Ernst Heinrich Karl von Dechen a German geologist.
Feb 16 António Soares dos Reis a Portuguese sculptor.
Feb 18 Jerónimo Espejo an Argentine general, enlisted in the Army of the Andes. He fought in the battles of Chacabuco, Cancha Rayada and Maipú. He also fought in the Battle of Ituzaingó, of the War with Brazil. He wrote historic essays about the campaign of the Army of the Andes, José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar. Those essays were consulted by Bartolomé Mitre to write the book Historia de San Martín y de la emancipación sudamericana
Feb 25 Carlo Sacconi a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Dean of the College of Cardinals.
Feb 25 Charles Du Cane a British Conservative Party politician and colonial administrator who was a Member of Parliament from 1852–1854 and Governor of Tasmania from 1868 to 1874.
Feb 26 Mićo Ljubibratić a Serbian voivoide , Orthodox priest, writer and translator that participated in the many uprisings in the Herzegovina region. He was the first person in the Balkans to translate the Koran into Serbo-Croatian. Greek, Bulgarian, Romanian and Albanian translations would follow in the 20th century
Feb 26 Karl Davydov a Russian cellist of great renown during his time, and described by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky as the "star of cellists". Arensky dedicated his first piano trio to Davydov's memory. He was also a composer, mainly for the cello
Mar 1 William Henry Monk Known in his day as an organist, church musician, and music editor, William Henry Monk composed popular hymn tunes, including one of the most famous, "Eventide", used for the hymn "Abide with Me". He also wrote music for church services and anthems
Mar 2 Ludwik Waryński an activist and theoretician of the socialist movement in Poland.
Mar 6 Max Waller (writer) a Belgian poet, critic, novelist, and playwright, best known under his pseudonym, Max Waller.
Mar 8 John Ericsson a Swedish-American inventor and mechanical engineer, as was his brother Nils Ericson. He was born at Långbanshyttan in Värmland, Sweden, but primarily came to be active in England and the United States. He is remembered best for designing the steam locomotive Novelty and the ironclad ship USS Monitor
Mar 8 Anton Romako an Austrian painter.
Mar 10 Antonio de Trueba a Spanish poet, novelist, and folklorist born at Montellana, Biscay, in 1821 , where he was privately educated.
Mar 10 Yohannes IV Emperor of Ethiopia from 1871 until his death.
Mar 11 Karel Dežman a Carniolan liberal politician and natural scientist. He was one of the most prominent personalities of the political, cultural, and scientific developments in the 19th century Duchy of Carniola. He is considered one of the fathers of modern archeology in what is today Slovenia. He also made important contributions in botany, zoology, mineralogy, geology and mineralogy. He was the first director of the Provincial Museum of Carniola, now the National Museum of Slovenia. Due to his switch from Slovene liberal nationalism to Austrian centralism and pro-German cultural stances, he became a symbol of national renegadism
Mar 12 John Archibald Campbell an American jurist. He was a successful lawyer in Georgia and Alabama, where he served in the State legislatures. Appointed by Franklin Pierce to the United States Supreme Court in 1853, he served until the outbreak of the American Civil War, when he became an official of the Confederacy. After serving six months in a military prison, he resumed a successful law practice in New Orleans, where he opposed Reconstruction
Mar 13 Felice Varesi a French-born Italian baritone with an illustrious singing career that began in the 1830s and extended into the 1860s. He is best remembered today for his close association with several famous operas composed by Giuseppe Verdi, whose birth year he shared
Mar 13 Enrico Tamberlik an Italian tenor who sang to great acclaim at Europe and America's leading opera venues. He excelled in the heroic roles of the Italian and French repertories and was renowned for his powerful declamation and clarion high notes
Mar 16 Wilhelm Tempel a German astronomer who worked in Marseille until the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, then later moved to Italy.
Mar 17 Joseph Albert Alberdingk Thijm a Dutch writer. In his triple capacity of art critic, philologist, and poet, Thijm was an important figure of Catholic literature. After finishing his studies in his native city, he took up a commercial career
Mar 20 Albrecht Ritschl a German theologian.
Mar 21 Dmitry Petrovich Maksutov an Imperial Russian Navy rear-admiral who was the last Governor of Russian America. He has streets dedicated to his memory in Sitka and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky