1889 events in history

Jan 4 The Oklahoma Land Run opens 2 million acres of unused Oklahoma Territory to first serve first come settlers on April 22
Jan 8 Herman Hollerith is issued US patent #395,791 for the 'Art of Applying Statistics' — his punched card calculator
Jan 15 The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
Jan 22 Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C
Jan 30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in the Mayerling
Feb 9 President Grover Cleveland signs a bill elevating the United States Department of Agriculture to a Cabinet-level agency
Feb 11 Meiji Constitution of Japan is adopted; the first National Diet convenes in 1890
Feb 22 United States President Grover Cleveland signs a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states
Mar 23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is established by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, India
Mar 28 The Yngsjö murder in Yngsjö, Sweden: Anna Månsdotter is arrested along with her son
Mar 31 The Eiffel Tower is officially opened
Apr 22 At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000
May 2 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia, signs a treaty of amity with Italy, giving Italy control over Eritrea
May 6 The Eiffel Tower is officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris
May 11 An attack upon a U.S. Army paymaster and escort results in the theft of over $28,000 and the award of two Medals of Honor
May 14 The children's charity, the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children is launched in London
May 31 Johnstown Flood: Over 2,200 people die after a dam fails and sends a 60-foot (18-meter) wall of water over the town of Johnstown, Pennsylvania
Jun 3 The transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway is completed
Jun 3 The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles (23 km) between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon
Jun 6 The Great Seattle Fire destroys all of downtown Seattle
Jun 12 Eighty are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland
Jun 26 Bangui is founded by Albert Dolisie and Alfred Uzac in what was then the upper reaches of the French Congo
Jun 29 Hyde Park and several other Illinois townships vote to be annexed by Chicago, forming the largest United States city in area and second largest in population
Jul 8 The first issue of The Wall Street Journal is published
Jul 11 Tijuana, Mexico, is founded
Aug 4 The Great Fire of Spokane, Washington destroys some 32 blocks of the city, prompting a mass rebuilding project
Sep 18 Hull House, the United States' most influential settlement house, opens in Chicago
Sep 23 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda
Sep 28 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
Oct 2 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West
Oct 6 American inventor Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture
Nov 2 North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states
Nov 8 Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state
Nov 11 The State of Washington is admitted as the 42nd state of the United States
Nov 14 Pioneering female journalist Nellie Bly (aka Elizabeth Cochrane) begins a successful attempt to travel around the world in less than 80 days. She completes the trip in 72 days
Nov 15 Brazil is declared a republic by Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca as Emperor Pedro II is deposed in a military coup
Nov 23 The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco