Born in 1890

Jan 1 Anton Melik a Slovene geographer.
Jan 2 Florence Lawrence a Canadian-American stage performer and film actress. She is often referred to as "The First Movie Star", and was the first film actor to be named publicly. At the height of her fame in the 1910s, she was known as "The Biograph Girl", "The Imp Girl", and "The Girl of a Thousand Faces". She appeared in almost 300 films for various motion picture companies
Jan 2 Henrik Visnapuu a well known Estonian poet and dramatist.
Jan 4 Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson an American pulp magazine writer and entrepreneur who pioneered the American comic book, publishing the first such periodical consisting solely of original material rather than reprints of newspaper comic strips. Long after his departure from the comic book company he founded, Wheeler-Nicholson's National Allied Publications, would evolve into DC Comics, one of the world's two largest comic book publishers along with rival Marvel Comics
Jan 4 Per Nilsson (gymnast) a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Victor Lustig a con artist who undertook scams in various countries and became best known as "The man who sold the Eiffel Tower. Twice."
Jan 4 Moša Pijade a prominent Serbian and Yugoslav communist, a close collaborator of Josip Broz Tito, former President of Yugoslavia, and full member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
Jan 5 Cora Witherspoon an American stage and film character actress whose career spanned nearly half a century. She began in theatre where she would remain rooted even after entering motion pictures in the early 1930s. As Witherspoon’s career progressed she carved out a niche playing haughty society women or harridan housewives such as Princess Lina in Ferenc Molnár's 1928 play, Olympia, or Agatha Sousè, C. Fields’ domineering spouse in the 1940 film, The Bank Dick. John Springer and Jack Hamilton, authors of They Had Faces Then: Super Stars, Stars, and Starlets of the 1930's , wrote that "Witherspoon was blessed with a face that might have been drawn by one of those cartoonists who specialize in dealing with the war between men and women."
Jan 7 Henny Porten a German actress and film producer of the silent era. She appeared in more than 170 films between 1906 and 1955
Jan 8 Rudolf Medek a Czech poet, army-related prose writer, and a general in the Czechoslovak Legions in Russia. In 1919 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order by George V which he sent back after the Munich Agreement, as he did with his Légion d'honneur insignia
Jan 9 Kurt Tucholsky a German-Jewish journalist, satirist and writer. He also wrote under the pseudonyms Kaspar Hauser, Peter Panter, Theobald Tiger and Ignaz Wrobel. Born in Berlin-Moabit, he moved to Paris in 1924 and then to Sweden in 1930
Jan 9 Karel Čapek a Czech writer of the early 20th century best known for his science fiction, including his novel War with the Newts and the play R.U.R. that introduced the word robot.
Jan 10 Pina Menichelli an Italian actress and silent film star. After a career in theatre and a series of small film roles, Menichelli was launched as a film star when Giovanni Pastrone gave her the lead role in Il Fuoco. Over the next nine years, Menichelli made a series of films, often trading on her image as a diva and on her passionate, decadent eroticism. Menichelli became a global star, and one of the most appreciated actress in Italian cinema, before her retirement in 1924, aged 34
Jan 11 Max Carey an American professional baseball center fielder and manager. Carey played in Major League Baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1910 through 1926 and for the Brooklyn Robins from 1926 through 1929. He managed for Brooklyn in 1932 and 1933
Jan 11 Oswald de Andrade a Brazilian poet and polemicist. He was born and spent most of his life in São Paulo
Jan 11 Harold Bride the junior wireless officer on the ocean liner RMS Titanic during its ill-fated maiden voyage.
Jan 12 Joseph Helffrich a German astronomer.
Jan 12 Maria Moravskaya a Russian poetess, writer, translator and literary critic. She had written several poetical collections and prose works, include works on children literature
Jan 12 Vasili Eroshenko an anarchist writer, esperantist, linguist, and teacher. At the age of four, he contracted measles and as a result, became blind
Jan 12 Johannes Vares an Estonian poet, doctor, and politician.
Jan 13 Steve Brown (bass player) a jazz musician best known for his work on string bass. Like many of his fellow New Orleans, Louisiana bassists, he played both string bass and tuba professionally, as the two instruments fill similar roles in different types of bands
Jan 13 Jüri Uluots an Estonian prime minister, journalist, prominent attorney and distinguished Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu.
Jan 14 Arthur Holmes a British geologist who made two major contributions to the understanding of geology. He pioneered the use of radioactive dating of minerals and was the first earth scientist to grasp the mechanical and thermal implications of mantle convection, which led eventually to the acceptance of plate tectonics
Jan 14 Maximilian Wengler a German Insurance broker, serving as a general during World War II and recipient of the coveted Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 15 Tommy Fleming (soccer) a Scottish American soccer outside forward who began his career in Scotland and finished it in the United States. During his Hall of Fame career, Fleming won five American Cups, four National Challenge Cups and at least eight league titles
Jan 15 Kuba Shaaban a Russian; Writer, historian, and playwright. famous for his advocacy of the Circassians Culture and he produced works in almost every literary form including plays, poetry, novels, essays, and historical works.
Jan 16 Karl Freund a cinematographer and film director best known for photographing Metropolis , Dracula , and television's I Love Lucy.
Jan 17 Yuri Fayer a Soviet Jewish conductor, highly notable in ballet. He was the chief ballet conductor at the Bolshoi Theatre from 1923 to 1963
Jan 19 Theodor von Hippel the German army and intelligence officer responsible for the formation and training of the Brandenburgers commando unit. As a Hauptmann , von Hippel had served under General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck during the First World War in the East African theatre, where Lettow-Vorbeck had conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign against Allied colonial troops. At the same time in the Middle East, E. Lawrence was enjoying great success employing similar guerrilla style hit-and-run tactics against Germany's Turkish allies
Jan 19 Fawzi al-Qawuqji Arab nationalism's leading military figure in the interwar period, based in Germany, and allied to Nazi Germany during World War II, who served as the Arab Liberation Army field commander during the 1948 Palestine War.
Jan 19 Elmer Niklander a Finnish athlete who competed in discus throw and shot put at the 1908, 1912, 1920 and 1924 Olympics.
Jan 19 Ferruccio Parri an Italian partisan and politician who served as the 29th Prime Minister of Italy for several months in 1945. During the resistance he was known as Maurizio
Jan 19 Ștefan Procopiu a Romanian physicist.
Jan 20 Bruno Kastner a German stage and film actor, screenwriter and film producer whose career was most prominent in the 1910s and 1920s during the silent film era. Kastner was one of the most popular leading men in German films during his career's peak in the 1920s
Jan 22 Fred M. Vinson the most prominent member of the Vinson political family. In the legislative branch, he was an elected member of the United States House of Representatives from Louisa, Kentucky, for twelve years. In the executive branch, he was the Secretary of Treasury under President Harry Truman. In the judicial branch, in 1946 President Truman appointed Vinson the 13th Chief Justice of the United States. As of 2014, he is the last candidate nominated by a president from the Democratic Party to be confirmed as Chief Justice
Jan 22 Edward Wennerholm a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics. His great-grandson is Cole Edward Wennerholm and great-granddaughter is Kimberly Ann Wennerholm and Julia Ann Wennerholm. He was part of the Swedish team, which won the gold medal in the gymnastics men's team, Swedish system event
Jan 22 Grigory Landsberg a Soviet physicist. Grigory Landsberg is a co-discoverer of inelastic combinatorial scattering of light used now in Raman spectroscopy. His major scientific contributions were in the fields of optics and spectroscopy
Jan 22 Vinko Žganec a well-known Croatian ethnomusicologist.
Jan 23 Princess Tatiana Constantinovna of Russia the third child and oldest daughter of Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia by his wife, Elisaveta Mavrikievna, née Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg.
Jan 27 Mauno Pekkala a Finnish left-wing politician and Prime Minister from 1946 to 1948. Pekkala was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Finland until he left the party during the Continuation War. After the war, Pekkala joined the Finnish People's Democratic League , an alliance of communists, socialists and social democrats. He was candidate in the 1950 presidential election. Pekkala also belonged to the Socialist Unity Party which worked inside the SKDL
Jan 28 Robert Stroud a federal American prisoner, cited as one of the most notorious criminals in American history. During his time at Leavenworth Penitentiary he reared and sold birds and became a respected ornithologist, but despite his nickname, he was not permitted to keep his birds at Alcatraz, where he was incarcerated from 1942
Jan 28 Néstor Guillén briefly President of Bolivia.
Jan 30 Albert Zürner a German diver who competed in the 1906 Summer Olympics, in the 1908 Summer Olympics, and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 30 Emy Roeder a modern German sculptor.
Feb 1 Nikolai Reek the Estonian military commander during the Estonian War of Independence.
Feb 2 Charles Correll an American radio comedian, best known for his work on the Amos 'n' Andy show with Freeman Gosden. Correll voiced the central character of Andy Brown, along with various supporting characters. Correll was born in Peoria, Illinois. Before teaming up with Gosden, he worked as a stenographer and a bricklayer. The two men met in Durham, North Carolina while working for the Joe Bren Producing Company. Both Correll and Freeman vacationed at Lake Geneva, Wisconsin in the 1930s and would broadcast Amos 'n' Andy from there. From 1928 to 1934, the team never took a vacation away from their radio show. To celebrate the 30th anniversary of Amos 'n' Andy on the air, the broadcast of March 19, 1958 was done by Correll and Gosden using their real voices and calling each other by their real names; this had never been done on the show before
Feb 3 Paul Scherrer a Swiss physicist. Born in St.Gallen, Switzerland, he studied at Göttingen, Germany, before becoming a lecturer there. Later, Scherrer became head of the Department of Physics at ETH Zürich
Feb 3 George Horine an American athlete who mainly competed in the high jump. He is credited with developing a technique called a forerunner to the western roll, a technique he developed due to the layout of his backyard where he practiced which was considered "backward" at the time. While on the track team at Stanford University, his technique was corrected to the more conventional jumping style of the time. He equalled the NCAA record in the event at 6' 4" as a sophomore. His junior year, 1912, he reverted to his old style, improving to 6' 4 3/4" and then a world record 6' 6 1/8". A few weeks later at the Olympic Trials, he improved again to jump 6' 7" making him the first man to break the 2 metres barrier. It was the first high jump world record ratified by the IAAF. He never improved upon his record, which stood for two years
Feb 4 Geoffrey Taylor (rower) a Canadian rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 6 Harry Cameron a Canadian ice hockey defenceman who played professionally for the Toronto Blueshirts, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators, Toronto Pats and Montreal Canadiens. Cameron won three Stanley Cups in his career: his first as a member of the 1913–14 Toronto Blueshirts, his second as a member of the 1917–18 Blueshirts and his third as a member of the 1921–22 Toronto Pats