Died in 1890

Jan 3 Karl Hase August von Hase , German Protestant theologian and church historian.
Jan 4 Prince Karl of Auersperg a Bohemian and an Austrian nobleman and statesman. He served as the 1st Minister-President of Cisleithania
Jan 7 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the Queen of Prussia and the first German Empress as the consort of William I, German Emperor.
Jan 8 Giorgio Ronconi an Italian operatic baritone celebrated for his brilliant acting and compelling stage presence. In 1842, he created the title-role in Giuseppe Verdi's Nabucco at La Scala, Milan
Jan 14 Gustave-Adolphe Hirn a French physicist, astronomer. mathematician and engineer who made important measurements of the mechanical equivalent of heat and contributions to the early development of thermodynamics. He further applied his science in the practical development of steam engines
Jan 14 Ignaz von Döllinger a German theologian, Catholic priest and church historian who rejected the dogma of papal infallibility. He is considered an important contributor to the doctrine, growth and development of the Old Catholic Church, though he himself never joined that denomination
Jan 14 Robert Napier 1st Baron Napier of Magdala a Indian Army officer. He fought in the First Anglo-Sikh War and the Second Anglo-Sikh War before seeing action as chief engineer during the second relief of Lucknow in March 1858 during the Indian Mutiny. He also served in the Second Opium War as commander of the 2nd division of the expeditionary force which took part in the Battle of Taku Forts in August 1860, the entry to Peking in September 1860 and the destruction of the Old Summer Palace in October 1860. He subsequently led the punitive expedition to Abyssinia July 1867, defeating the Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia with minimal loss of life among his own forces but looting many historical and religious artifacts; these artifacts still reside in collections in the UK, despite representations by various parties for their return
Jan 17 Władysław Taczanowski a Polish zoologist.
Jan 17 Salomon Sulzer an Austrian hazzan and composer. His family, which prior to 1813 bore the name of Levi, removed to Hohenems from Sulz in 1748. He was educated for the cantorate, studying first under the cantors of Endingen and Karlsruhe, with whom he traveled extensively, and later under Salomon Eichberg, cantor at Hohenems and Düsseldorf. In 1820 Sulzer was appointed cantor at Hohenems, where he modernized the ritual, and introduced a choir. At the instance of Rabbi Isaac Noah Mannheimer of Vienna he was called to the Austrian capital as chief cantor in 1826. There he reorganized the song service of the synagogue, retaining the traditional chants and melodies, but harmonizing them in accordance with modern views
Jan 18 Amadeo I of Spain the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy and was known for most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but reigned briefly as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873
Jan 20 Franz Lachner a German composer and conductor.
Jan 20 Guillermo Rawson a medical doctor and politician in nineteenth-century Argentina. As Interior Minister in 1862 he met Captain Love Jones-Parry and Lewis Jones who were on their way to Patagonia to investigate whether it was suitable for the creation of a Welsh settlement there. Rawson came to an agreement with them, and this resulted in the creation of a colony in the Chubut Valley in the following years. The city of Rawson, the capital of the province of Chubut was named after him
Jan 22 Lavrenty Zagoskin a Russian naval officer and explorer of Alaska.
Jan 23 Otto August Rosenberger a Baltic German astronomer from Tukums in Courland.
Jan 25 Valentin Eduard Becker a German composer.
Jan 25 William Kennedy (explorer) born at Cumberland House, Saskatchewan, a son of the Hudson's Bay Company Chief Factor there, Alexander Kennedy and his Cree wife, Aggathas. At thirteen, he was sent to his father’s birthplace in the Orkney Islands for his education. In 1836 he returned to Canada and was employed as a fur-trader with the Hudson's Bay Company
Jan 25 Antonio Salviati an Italian glass manufacturer and founder of the Salviati family firm.
Jan 27 Pyotr Valuyev a Russian statesman and writer.
Jan 27 Carl Friedrich Otto Westphal a German neurologist and psychiatrist from Berlin. He was the son of Otto Carl Friedrich Westphal and Karoline Friederike Heine and the father of Alexander Carl Otto Westphal. He was married to Klara, daughter of the banker Alexander Mendelssohn
Jan 29 Melchior Neumayr born at Munich, the son of Max von Neumayr, a Bavarian Minister of State.
Jan 29 Eduard Georg von Wahl a Baltic-German surgeon.
Jan 30 Hayreddin Pasha an Ottoman politician who was born to a Circassian family. First serving as Beylerbeyi of Ottoman Tunisia, he later achieved the high post of Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. He was an Ottoman Tunisian political reformer during a period of growing European ascendancy
Feb 3 C. H. D. Buys Ballot a Dutch chemist and meteorologist after whom Buys Ballot's law and the Buys Ballot table are named.
Feb 3 Davorin Trstenjak a Slovene writer, historian and Roman Catholic priest.
Feb 4 Fletcher Stockdale a U.S. politician, lawyer, railroad official and Governor of Texas.
Feb 4 Antoine Duke of Montpensier a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Feb 10 Dimitri Bakradze a Georgian scholar who authored several influential works in the history, archaeology and ethnography of Georgia and the Caucasus.
Feb 13 Khalifah bin Said of Zanzibar the third Sultan of Zanzibar. He ruled Zanzibar from March 26, 1888 to February 13, 1890 and was succeeded by his brother, Ali bin Said
Feb 17 Christopher Latham Sholes an American inventor who invented the first practical typewriter and the QWERTY keyboard still in use today. He was also a newspaper publisher and Wisconsin politician
Feb 18 Gyula Andrássy a Hungarian statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Hungary and subsequently as Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary. A conservative, his foreign policies looked to expanding the Empire into Southeast Europe, preferably with British and German support, and without alienating Turkey. He saw Russia as the main adversary, because of its own expansionist policies toward Slavic and Orthodox areas. He distrusted Slavic nationalist movements as a threat to his multi-ethnic empire
Feb 20 Charles Christopher Parry a British-American botanist and mountaineer.
Feb 20 Napoléon comte Daru a French soldier and politician. Son of Pierre Daru and godson of Napoléon and Joséphine, he studied at the lycée Louis-le-Grand, then at the l'Ecole polytechnique and at the l'Ecole militaire d'application in Metz. After becoming second-lieutenant of artillery in 1830, he participated with military honor in the French conquest of Algeria. He became peer of France in 1833, member of the Assemblée Nationale in 1848 and 1849, member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques in 1860, deputy from the department of Manche in 1869 and 1871, minister of foreign affairs in the cabinet of Émile Ollivier in 1870, and senator from the department of Manche between 1876 and 1879
Feb 22 Carl Bloch a Danish painter.
Feb 22 John Jacob Astor III a financier, philanthropist, and a prominent member of the Astor family. He was the eldest son of real estate businessman William Backhouse Astor, and Margaret Rebecca Armstrong , a nephew of occasional poet John Jacob Astor, , and a grandson of fur-trader John Jacob Astor , Sarah Cox Todd , Senator John Armstrong, and Alida Livingston of the Livingston family. John Jacob III became the wealthiest member of the Astor family in his generation and the founder of the English branch of the Astor family. His younger brother businessman William Backhouse Astor, was the patriarch of the male line of American Astors
Mar 1 Rafael Campo President of El Salvador 12 February 1856 - 1 February 1858.
Mar 4 Franz Delitzsch a German Lutheran theologian and Hebraist. Born in Leipzig, he held the professorship of theology at the University of Rostock from 1846 to 1850, at the University of Erlangen until 1867, and after that at the University of Leipzig until his death. Delitzsch wrote many commentaries on books of the Bible, Jewish antiquities, Biblical psychology, a history of Jewish poetry, and Christian apologetics
Mar 11 Johann Gildemeister a German Orientalist born in Kröpelin.
Mar 16 Princess Zorka of Montenegro Ljubica Petrović-Njegoš of Montenegro , and later became Princess Zorka Karađorđević in Serbia. She was better known as Princess Zorka
Mar 21 George Crook a career United States Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. During the 1880s, the Apache nicknamed Crook Nantan Lupan, which means "Grey Wolf."
Mar 23 Robert C. Schenck a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and American diplomatic representative to Brazil and the United Kingdom. He was at both battles of Bull Run and took part in Jackson's Valley Campaign of 1862, and the Battle of Cross Keys. His eldest brother, James Findlay Schenck, was rear admiral of the United States Navy
Mar 26 African Spir a Russian Neo-Kantian philosopher of Greek-German descent who wrote primarily in German. His book Denken und Wirklichkeit exerted a "lasting impact" on the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche
Mar 26 William Lowther "Mudwall" Jackson the third Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1857 until 1860. After the outbreak of the American Civil War, he joined the Confederate Army as a colonel and served on the staff of General Stonewall Jackson. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1864, and fled to Mexico following the war's end. He later moved to Kentucky where he became a judge
Mar 26 Artur Władysław Potocki a Polish nobleman.
Mar 29 Ferdinando Petruccelli della Gattina an Italian journalist, patriot and politician.
Mar 29 Robert H. Milroy a lawyer, judge, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War, most noted for his defeat at the Second Battle of Winchester in 1863.
Mar 29 Andreas Müller (painter) a German historical painter.
Apr 1 David Wilber a United States Representative from New York and father of congressman David Wilber.
Apr 1 Alexander Mozhaysky a Russian naval officer, aviation pioneer, researcher and designer of heavier-than-air craft." In 1884, Mozhaysky's monoplane made a failed attempt to fly.
Apr 4 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau the first Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec following the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.
Apr 4 Edmond Hébert born at Villefargau, Yonne.