Born in 1891

Jan 1 Sampurnanand a teacher and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. He was served as the second Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1954 to 1960. If single tenures in the office of the Uttar Pradesh Chief Ministers are only considered, then Sampurnanand had the longest stretch from 28 December 1954 to 7 December 1960, which is almost six years in the office. Sampurnanand, a scholar of Sanskrit and Hindi, succeeded Govind Ballabh Pant. His council of ministers numbered 28 and the educationist ruled Uttar Pradesh until 7 December 1960
Jan 1 Prince Constantine Constantinovich of Russia the fourth child of Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich of Russia by his wife Elisbeth Mavrikievna née HH Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg.
Jan 1 Charles Bickford an American actor best known for his strong supporting roles. He was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, for The Song of Bernadette , The Farmer's Daughter , and Johnny Belinda. Other notable roles include Whirlpool , A Star is Born and The Big Country
Jan 2 Giovanni Michelucci born in Pistoia on the 2nd of January 1891 and died on the night of 31 December 1990, two days before his hundredth birthday, at his studio-home in Fiesole, in Florence's hills, now the headquarters of his Foundation. He had the good fortune to live a long life almost entirely within the span of the twentieth century, giving us a valuable witness through his work with innovative architectural vernaculars and proposals, from his understanding of the complexity of events, transformations, and ideas that animated the twentieth century. He was one of the major Italian architects of that century, known for famous projects such as the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station and the San Giovanni Battista church on the Autostrada del Sole
Jan 2 Archduchess Mechthildis of Austria a daughter of Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria and a first cousin of King Alphonso XIII of Spain. She was member of the Teschen branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany by birth. In 1913 she married Prince Olgierd Czartorysky,. The couple had four children and lived in Poland until the outbreak of World War II when they emigrated to Brazil
Jan 3 Alfred Brinckmann a German chess International Master, author and functionary from Kiel.
Jan 4 Edward Brooker an Australian Labor Party politician. He became the Premier of Tasmania on 19 December 1947 while Robert Cosgrove was facing corruption charges. He died on the 18 June 1948, shortly after returning the Premiership to Cosgrove on the 24 February 1948
Jan 6 Tim Buck a long-time general secretary of the Communist Party of Canada from 1929 until 1962. Together with Ernst Thälmann of Germany, Maurice Thorez of France, Palmiro Togliatti of Italy, Earl Browder of the United States, and Harry Pollitt of Britain, Buck was one of the top leaders of the Joseph Stalin-era Communist International
Jan 7 Zora Neale Hurston an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
Jan 8 Storm Jameson an English journalist and author, known for her novels and reviews.
Jan 8 Bronislava Nijinska a Russian dancer, choreographer, and teacher of Polish descent. Nijinska played a leading role in the pioneering movement that turned against 19th-century Classicism, which paved the way for neoclassical works to come. A breakthrough came in 1910, when she created her first solo, the role Papillon in Le Carnival. Bronislava Nijinska died from a heart attack on February 21, 1972 in the Pacific Palisades, California
Jan 8 Walther Bothe a German nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born.
Jan 9 August Gailit an Estonian writer.
Jan 10 Andrejs Krūkliņš a Latvian track and field athlete who competed for the Russian Empire in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 10 Louis A. Johnson the second United States Secretary of Defense, serving in the cabinet of President Harry Truman from March 28, 1949 to September 19, 1950.
Jan 10 Heinrich Behmann a German mathematician. He performed research in the field of set theory and predicate logic
Jan 10 Ann Shoemaker an American actress who appeared in 70 films and TV movies between 1928 and 1976. She was married to the actor Henry Stephenson; the couple had a daughter
Jan 13 Miguel Pro a Mexican Jesuit Catholic priest executed under the presidency of Plutarco Elías Calles on trumped up charges of bombing and attempted assassination of former Mexican President Álvaro Obregón.
Jan 13 Rudolf Fizir an airplane constructor. He designed at least 18 original planes, some conversions of landplanes to seaplanes - and a parachute
Jan 13 Vasily Zhitarev a Russian amateur football player who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Julio Baghy a Hungarian actor and one of the leading authors of the Esperanto movement. He is the author of several famous novels but it is particularly in the field of poetry that he proved his mastery of Esperanto
Jan 15 Osip Mandelstam a Russian poet and essayist who lived in Russia during and after its revolution and the rise of the Soviet Union. He was one of the foremost members of the Acmeist school of poets. He was arrested by Joseph Stalin's government during the repression of the 1930s and sent into internal exile with his wife Nadezhda. Given a reprieve of sorts, they moved to Voronezh in southwestern Russia. In 1938 Mandelstam was arrested again and sentenced to a camp in Siberia. He died that year at a transit camp
Jan 15 Franz Babinger a well-known German orientalist and historian of the Ottoman Empire, best known for his biography of the great Ottoman emperor Mehmed II known as the Conqueror, originally published as Mehmed der Eroberer und seine Zeit. An English translation by Ralph Mannheim is available from Princeton University Press under the title Mehmed the Conqueror and his time
Jan 15 Ray Chapman an American baseball player, spending his entire career as a shortstop for Cleveland.
Jan 16 Ruth Rose a writer who worked on several films in the 1930s and the 1940s, most famously the original 1933 classic King Kong.
Jan 17 Walter Eucken a German economist and father of ordoliberalism. His name is closely linked with the development of the "social market economy"
Jan 18 Nikolajs Švedrēvics a Latvian track and field athlete who competed for the Russian Empire in the 1912 Summer Olympics, where he finished 20th in the javelin throw competition.
Jan 19 Joseph De Craecker a Belgian fencer. He won two silver medals in the team épée competitions at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
Jan 20 Mischa Elman a Jewish violinist, famed for his passionate style and beautiful tone.
Jan 20 Juan Enrique Hayes an Argentine footballer. He played for Rosario Central and the Argentine national team
Jan 21 Albert Battel a German Wehrmacht army lieutenant and lawyer recognized for his resistance during World War II to the Nazi plans for the 1942 liquidation of the Przemyśl Jewish ghetto. He was posthumously recognized as Righteous Among the Nations in 1981
Jan 22 Bruno Loerzer an officer in the German Luftstreitkräfte during World War I and Luftwaffe during World War II.
Jan 22 Moïse Kisling a Polish-born French painter. He moved to Paris in 1910 and became a French citizen in 1915, after serving and being wounded with the French Foreign Legion in World War He emigrated to the United States in 1940 after the fall of France, and returned in 1946
Jan 22 Antonio Gramsci an Italian Marxist theoretician and politician. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. Gramsci is best known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies
Jan 22 Franz Alexander considered one of the founders of psychosomatic medicine and psychoanalytic criminology.
Jan 23 Pavlo Tychyna a major Ukrainian poet, interpreter, publicist, public activist, academician, and statesman.
Jan 23 Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch a Russian mathematician, who worked mainly in England. He was born in Berdyansk on the Sea of Azov to a Karaite family
Jan 24 Walter Model noted for his defensive battles in the latter half of the war, mostly on the Eastern Front but also in the west. He has been called the Third Reich's best defensive tactical commander
Jan 25 William Christian Bullitt Jr. an American diplomat, journalist, and novelist. Although in his youth he was considered something of a radical, he later became an outspoken anti-communist
Jan 26 Charles Journet a Swiss Catholic theologian and cardinal.
Jan 26 Wilder Penfield a pioneering neurosurgeon once dubbed "the greatest living Canadian". He expanded brain surgery's methods and techniques, including mapping the functions of various regions of the brain such as the cortical homunculus. His scientific contributions on neural stimulation expand across a variety of topics including hallucinations, illusions, and deja Penfield devoted a lot of his thinking to mental processes, contemplating whether there was any scientific basis for the existence of the human soul until his death
Jan 26 August Froehlich a German Roman Catholic priest. In his pastoral activity he opposed National Socialism. He stood up for rights of German Catholics and of Polish forced labourers, martyred in Dachau concentration camp
Jan 26 Frank Costello an Italian-American gangster and crime boss. Costello rose to the top of America's underworld, controlled a vast gambling empire across the United States, and enjoyed political influence
Jan 27 Ilya Ehrenburg a Soviet writer, journalist, translator, and cultural figure.
Jan 29 R. Norris Williams an American tennis player.
Jan 29 Elizaveta Gerdt a Russian dancer and teacher whose career links the Russian imperial and Soviet schools of classical dance.
Feb 2 Lawrence Whitney an American athlete and baseball player who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics held in Stockholm, Sweden. He won the bronze medal in the shot put, and also competed for the US in the exhibition baseball tournament
Feb 2 Antonio Segni an Italian politician who was the 34th Prime Minister of Italy , and the fourth President of the Italian Republic from 1962 to 1964. Adhering to the centrist Christian Democratic party , he was the first Sardinian ever to become Prime Minister of Italy
Feb 3 Karl Allmendinger a German general of Infantry, serving during World War I and World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Feb 4 M. A. Ayyangar the first Deputy Speaker and then Speaker of Lok Sabha in the Indian Parliament. He was Governor of Bihar also