1891 events in history

Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed the last monarch and only queen regnant of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
Jan 31 History of Portugal: The first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto
Mar 10 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
Mar 17 SS Utopia collides with HMS Anson in the Bay of Gibraltar and sinks, killing 562 of the 880 passengers on board
Apr 1 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois
May 5 The Music Hall in New York City (later known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor
May 11 The Ōtsu incident: Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Imperial Russia (later Nicholas II) suffers a critical head injury during a sword attack by Japanese policeman Tsuda Sanzō. He is rescued by Prince George of Greece and Denmark
May 15 Pope Leo XIII defends workers' rights and property rights in the encyclical Rerum Novarum, the beginning of modern Catholic social teaching
May 16 The International Electrotechnical Exhibition opens in Frankfurt, Germany, and will feature the world's first long distance transmission of high-power, three-phase electrical current (the most common form today)
May 20 History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope
Jun 16 John Abbott becomes Canada's third Prime Minister
Jul 26 France annexes Tahiti
Aug 16 The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed
Aug 18 Major hurricane strikes Martinique, leaving 700 dead
Aug 24 Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera
Oct 1 In California, Stanford University opens its doors
Oct 28 The Mino-Owari earthquake, the largest inland earthquake in Japan's history, strikes Gifu Prefecture
Dec 22 Asteroid 323 Brucia becomes the first asteroid discovered using photography