Born in 1892

Jan 1 Mahidol Adulyadej the father of King Ananda Mahidol and King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand. He was also regarded as the father of modern medicine and public health of Thailand. He also founded the House of Mahidol or the present Royal Family of Thailand
Jan 1 Mahadev Desai an Indian independence activist and writer best remembered as Mahatma Gandhi's personal secretary. He has variously been described as "Gandhi's Boswell, a Plato to Gandhi's Socrates, as well as an Ananda to Gandhi's Buddha"
Jan 1 Manuel Roxas the fifth President of the Philippines, the last of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the first of the sovereign Third Philippine Republic. He ruled as President from the Philippines' independence from the United States of America on 4 July 1946 until his abrupt death in 1948
Jan 1 Boris Mirkin-Getzevich a Russian jurist. He had been a director of the Paris Institute of Comparative Law and a professor at the Institute of Higher International Studies
Jan 1 Artur Rodziński a Polish conductor of opera and symphonic music. He is especially noted for his tenures as music director of the Cleveland Orchestra and the New York Philharmonic in the 1930s and 1940s
Jan 2 Edoardo Agnelli (industrialist) an Italian industrialist and principal family shareholder of the Italian car company Fiat.
Jan 2 Lillian Leitzel an acrobat and strongwoman for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.
Jan 2 Seiichiro Kashio a male tennis player from Japan, and with Ichiya Kumagae was one of the first Japanese Olympic medalists.
Jan 3 J. R. R. Tolkien an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Jan 4 Pavel Nikolaevich Medvedev a Russian literary scholar. He was a professor, social activist, and friend of Mikhail Bakhtin, as well as of Boris Pasternak and Fyodor Sologub. Medvedev held several government posts in education and publishing after the 1917 revolution, publishing a great deal of his own writing on literary, sociological, and linguistic issues. Medvedev was arrested during the 1930s period of purges under the rule of Joseph Stalin, and "disappeared" shortly after his arrest. He was shot on July 17, 1938
Jan 6 Joe Ball an American serial killer, sometimes referred to as "The Alligator Man", the "Butcher of Elmendorf" and the "Bluebeard of South Texas". He is known to have killed two and is said to have killed as many as 20 women in the 1930s. His existence was long believed to be apocryphal, but he is a familiar figure in Texas folklore
Jan 6 Ludwig Berger (director) a German film director, screenwriter and cinematographer.He directed 36 films between 1920 and 1969. Berger began working in the German film industry during the Weimar Republic. At Decla-Bioscop and later UFA he established a reputation as a leading director of silent films. He emigrated to Hollywood, but was unable to establish himself and returned to Europe. He subsequently worked both in France and Germany. He was a member of the jury at the 6th Berlin International Film Festival
Jan 8 Paul Vaillant-Couturier a French author, journalist and politician. He was born and died in Paris
Jan 9 Emery Clarence Leonard an American botanist known for his work on the Acanthaceae plant family and on the flora of Haiti.
Jan 9 Eva Bowring a U.S. Senator from Nebraska. Bowring was born in Nevada, Missouri. In 1928, she married Arthur Bowring. They made their home at the Bowring Ranch near Merriman in Cherry County, Nebraska
Jan 10 Melchior Wańkowicz a Polish army officer, popular writer, political journalist and publisher. He is most famous for his reporting for the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II and writing a book about the battle of Monte Cassino
Jan 10 Kornél Havasi a Hungarian chess master.
Jan 10 Aleksej Jelačić a Serbian historian.
Jan 10 Dumas Malone an American historian, biographer, and editor noted for his six-volume biography on Thomas Jefferson, Jefferson and His Time, for which he received the 1975 Pulitzer Prize for history. In 1983 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Jan 11 Valeska Gert a German Jewish dancer and cabaret artist. She was also active as an actress and artists' model
Jan 12 Mikhail Kirponos a Soviet Ukrainian general of the Red Army. Being accorded the highest military decoration, the Hero of the Soviet Union title, for the skill and courage in commanding a division in the 1939-1940 Finnish campaign, Kirponos is mostly remembered for his crucial role in organizing and leading the defense of Soviet Ukraine during the Battle of Brody, the Battle of Uman and Kiev in the first months of the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union by the Axis forces. He was killed in action in the defense of Kiev
Jan 13 Giorgi Eliava a Georgian microbiologist who worked with bacteriophages.
Jan 13 Ermanno Aebi an Italian-Swiss football player.
Jan 14 Hal Roach an American film and television producer, director, and actor from the 1910s to the 1990s, best known today for producing the Laurel and Hardy and Our Gang film comedy series.
Jan 14 Juan Antonio Scasso a Uruguayan architect and urbanist.
Jan 14 Martin Niemöller a German anti-Nazi, theologian and Lutheran pastor. He is best known for his statement "First they came..."
Jan 15 Reiner Stahel a German and Finnish military officer and a notable member of the Nazi Party. He is best known for his retreat from Vilna and the command of the garrison of Warsaw during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. Arrested by the NKVD in Romania, he spent the rest of his life in Soviet Gulags
Jan 15 Rex Ingram (director) an Irish film director, producer, writer and actor. Director Erich von Stroheim once called him "the world's greatest director."
Jan 16 Wilhelm von Apell a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War who commanded the 22nd Armoured Division. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Wilhelm von Apell was captured by American troops in 1945 and was released in 1947
Jan 16 Homer Burton Adkins an American chemist who studied the hydrogenation of organic compounds. Adkins was regarded as top in his field and a world authority on the hydrogenation of organic compounds. Adkins is known for his wartime work, where he experimented with agents and poisonous gasses. Renowned for his work, Adkins eventually suffered a series of heart attacks and died in 1949
Jan 16 Josef Skupa a Czech puppeteer.
Jan 18 Paul Rostock a German official, surgeon, and university professor. He was Chief of the Office for Medical Science and Research under Third Reich Commissioner Karl Brandt and a Full Professor, Medical Doctorate, Medical Superintendent of the University of Berlin Surgical Clinic
Jan 18 Bill Meanix an American track and field athlete. Meanix held the world record in the 440 yd hurdles from 1915 to 1920 and won the event the first two times it was contested at the United States championships
Jan 18 Oliver Hardy an American comic actor famous as one half of Laurel and Hardy, the classic double act that began in the era of silent films and lasted 25 years, from 1927 to 1951. He was credited with his first film, Outwitting Dad, in 1914. In some of his early works, he was billed as Babe Hardy, using his nickname
Jan 19 Mady Christians an Austrian actress who achieved a successful acting career in theatre and film, in the United States until she was blacklisted during the McCarthy period.
Jan 19 Ólafur Thors an Icelandic politician of the Independence Party, who served as Prime Minister of Iceland.
Jan 20 Branislaw Tarashkyevich a Belarusian public figure, politician, and linguist.
Jan 22 Roshan Singh an Indian revolutionary who was previously sentenced in the Bareilly shooting case during Non Cooperation Movement of 1921-22. After release from Bareilly Central Jail, he joined the Hindustan Republican Association in 1924. Although he had not taken part in the Kakori conspiracy, yet he was arrested and confined to capital punishment of death sentence by the then British Government
Jan 22 Bahruz Kangarli an Azerbaijani painter and graphic artist. He was one of the first professional representatives of Azerbaijani visual arts and was the founder of realistic easel painting of Azerbaijan
Jan 22 Marcel Dassault a French aircraft industrialist.
Jan 22 Ernest Maas a silent-era screenwriter.
Jan 23 Johannes Martin Bijvoet a Dutch chemist and crystallographer at the van 't Hoff Laboratory at Utrecht University. He is famous for devising a method of establishing the absolute configuration of molecules
Jan 23 Stefan Narębski a Polish architect and artist, as well as a noted art conservator and restorer.
Jan 24 Franz Aigner (weightlifter) an Austrian weightlifter who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Arkadiy Shvetsov a Soviet aircraft engine designer whose OKB was founded in Perm, USSR, in 1934, to produce the Wright Cyclone-derived Shvetsov M-25 engine. Under Shvetsov, his OKB became the primary provider of radial piston engines for Soviet aircraft industry. After his death in 1953, the OKB was taken over by Pavel Soloviev
Jan 25 Kamilla Trever a Russian historian and orientalist, and a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 29 September 1943. Trever specialized in the history and culture of Transcaucasia, Central Asia and Iran
Jan 25 Takeo Takagi an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.
Jan 26 Bessie Coleman an American civil aviator. She was the first female pilot of African American descent and the first person of African-American descent to hold an international pilot license
Jan 26 Zara Cully an American actress, known for her role as Olivia "Mother Jefferson" Jefferson on the CBS sitcom The Jeffersons.
Jan 27 Walter Scheller a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Walter Scheller was killed at Brest-Litovisk on 21 July 1944, during the Lublin–Brest Offensive