Died in 1892

Jan 1 Roswell B. Mason served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Citizens Party.
Jan 2 Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Bréau a French biologist.
Jan 2 George Biddell Airy an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. His many achievements include work on planetary orbits, measuring the mean density of the Earth, a method of solution of two-dimensional problems in solid mechanics and, in his role as Astronomer Royal, establishing Greenwich as the location of the prime meridian. His reputation has been tarnished by allegations that, through his inaction, Britain lost the opportunity of priority in the discovery of Neptune
Jan 3 Émile Louis Victor de Laveleye a Belgian economist. He was one of the co-founders of the Institut de Droit International in 1873
Jan 7 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke a German physician and physiologist. He is credited with contributions made in many facets of physiology
Jan 7 Tewfik Pasha khedive of Egypt and the Sudan between 1879 and 1892 and the sixth ruler from the Muhammad Ali Dynasty.
Jan 10 Charles Louis Müller a French painter.
Jan 10 Heinrich Dorn a German conductor, composer, and journalist. He was born in Königsberg , where he studied piano, singing, and composition. Later, he studied in Berlin with Ludwig Berger, Bernhard Klein, and Carl Friedrich Zelter. His first opera, Rolands Knappen, was produced in 1826, and was a success. Around this time, he became co-editor of the Berliner allgemeine Muzikzeitung
Jan 12 William Reeves (bishop) an Irish antiquarian and the Church of Ireland Bishop of Down, Connor and Dromore from 1886 until his death. He was the last private keeper of the Book of Armagh and at the time of his death was President of the Royal Irish Academy
Jan 14 Robert Ransom Jr. a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. His brother Matt Ransom was also a Confederate general officer and U.S. Senator
Jan 14 Henry Edward Manning an English Roman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster and a cardinal.
Jan 14 Prince Albert Victor Duke of Clarence and Avondale the eldest son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales , and the grandson of the reigning British monarch, Queen Victoria. From the time of his birth, he was second in the line of succession to the British throne, but never became king: he died before his father and his grandmother, the Queen
Jan 14 Giovanni Simeoni an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Propagation of the Faith from 1878 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1875.
Jan 14 František Zach a Czech-born soldier and military theorist, best known for being the first acting General and Chief of the General Staff to the Principality of Serbia from 1876 to 1877.
Jan 16 Émilien de Nieuwerkerke a French sculptor of Dutch descent and a high-level civil servant in the Second French Empire. He is also notable as the lover of Princess Mathilde Bonaparte, after her estrangement from her husband Anatole Demidov
Jan 16 Prince Kraft zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen a Prussian general and military writer during the time of the German Empire.
Jan 17 Alexandre Levy a Brazilian composer, pianist and conductor.
Jan 18 Anton Anderledy Very Rev. Anton Maria Anderledy, S.J., was a Swiss Jesuit, elected the 23rd Superior General of the Society of Jesus
Jan 21 John Couch Adams a British mathematician and astronomer. Adams was born in Laneast, near Launceston, Cornwall, and died in Cambridge. The Cornish name Couch is pronounced "cooch"
Jan 22 Joseph P. Bradley an American jurist best known for his service on the United States Supreme Court, and on the Electoral Commission that decided the disputed 1876 presidential election.
Jan 23 Henry Conybeare an English civil engineer and Gothic revival architect who designed two notable churches and greatly improved the supply of drinking water to Mumbai.
Jan 25 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria the sixth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden, and the mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. She was born and died in Munich
Jan 25 Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia the second son of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
Jan 31 Charles Spurgeon a British Particular Baptist preacher. Spurgeon remains highly influential among Christians of various denominations, among whom he is known as the "Prince of Preachers". He was a strong figure in the Reformed Baptist tradition, defending the Church in agreement with the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith understanding, and opposing the liberal and pragmatic theological tendencies in the Church of his day
Feb 2 Darinka Kvekić a Princess consort of Montenegro by her marriage to Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro. She was the first Princess consort of Montenegro
Feb 5 Emilie Flygare-Carlén a Swedish novelist.
Feb 5 Stephan Schulzer von Müggenburg a Hungarian – Croatian army officer and mycologist. His first name is variably spelled Stefan Stjepan or István
Feb 11 James Augustus Grant a Scottish explorer of eastern equatorial Africa.
Feb 11 Louis Ferdinand Alfred Maury a French scholar and physician, important because his ideas about the interpretation of dreams and the effect of external stimuli on dreams pre-dated those of Sigmund Freud. He is mentioned by Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams, and by Sebastian Faulks in Human Traces. He coined the term hypnagogic hallucination and reported a dream that famously inspired Salvador Dalí's painting Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening. Alfred Maury was contemporary with Hervey de Saint Denys and the two dream researchers were in disagreement with each other
Feb 13 Wilhelm Junker a Russian explorer of Africa. Junker was of German descent
Feb 13 Provo Wallis a Royal Navy officer and naval war hero. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and was 100 years old when he died
Feb 13 Lambert Massart a Belgian violinist who has been credited with the origination of the systematic vibrato. He compiled The Art of Working at Kreutzer's Etudes, a supplement that contains 412 fingerings and bowings taken from his time studying with Rodolphe Kreutzer. He was an excellent String quartet player who gave many delightful chamber concerts, having also played Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata in A minor with Franz Liszt on 23 May 1843
Feb 16 Henry Walter Bates an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. He was most famous for his expedition to the rainforests of the Amazon with Alfred Russel Wallace, starting in 1848. Wallace returned in 1852, but lost his collection on the return voyage when his ship caught fire. When Bates arrived home in 1859 after a full eleven years, he had sent back over 14,712 species of which 8,000 were new to science. Bates wrote up his findings in his best-known work, The Naturalist on the River Amazons
Feb 17 Johan Sverdrup a Norwegian politician from the Liberal Party. He was the first Prime Minister of Norway after the introduction of parliamentarism. Sverdrup was Prime Minister from 1884 to 1889
Feb 19 Camille Rousset a French historian. He taught at Grenoble before becoming a historian to the Ministry of War. He was elected to the Académie française in 1871
Feb 22 Herman Koeckemann now the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu — from 1881 to 1892.
Feb 27 Louis Vuitton (designer) a French businessman. He was the founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH. Prior to this, he had been appointed as trunk-maker to Empress Eugénie de Montijo, wife of Napoleon III
Feb 28 George Washington Cullum an American soldier, engineer and writer. He served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, primarily serving in the Western Theater
Feb 29 Casimir Roumeguère a French botanist and mycologist.
Mar 2 Kristaps Helmanis a Latvian vaccinologist and microbiologist. He discovered tuberculin simultaneously with Robert Koch and mallein together with Oto Kalniņš
Mar 3 Fedor Solntsev a Russian painter and historian of art. His artwork was a major contribution in recording and preserving medieval Russian culture, which was a common subject of his paintings. He was the main author of the fundamental work Antiquities of Russian Stata , the main decorator of interiors of the Grand Kremlin Palace in Moscow. He discovered and restored mosaics and frescoes of Saint Sophia's Cathedral and Cathedral of the Dormition of Kiev Pechersk Lavra in Kiev, and of Cathedral of Saint Demetrius in Vladimir. Fedor Solntsev, together with Metropolitan Philaret and Archimandrite Photius Spassky are considered the founders of modern Russian icon painting canon synthesizing ancient Russian traditions, post-Petrine efforts and modern art discoveries
Mar 5 Edmond Jurien de La Gravière a French admiral, son of Admiral Pierre Roch Jurien de La Gravière, who served through the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars and was a peer of France under Louis-Philippe.
Mar 6 Mișu Popp a Romanian painter and muralist.
Mar 6 Edwards Pierrepont a popular American attorney, jurist, and orator. Having graduated from Yale in 1837, Pierrepont studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840. During the American Civil War, Pierrepont was a Democrat, although he supported President Abraham Lincoln. Pierrepont supported President Andrew Johnson's conservative Reconstruction efforts having opposed the Radical Republicans. In both 1868 and 1872, Pierrepont supported Ulysses Grant for President. For his support, President Grant appointed Pierrepont New York Attorney in 1869. In 1871, Pierrepont gained the reputation as a solid reformer, having joined New York's Committee of Seventy that shut down Boss Tweed's corrupt Tammany Hall. In 1872, Pierrepont modified his views on Reconstruction and stated that African American freedman's rights needed to be protected
Mar 7 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore a New Brunswick politician, jurist, and a member of a prominent United Empire Loyalist family.
Mar 7 Étienne Arago a French writer and politician, and co-founder of the newspaper Le Figaro.
Mar 8 Benno Adam a German animal painter.
Mar 9 Sereno Watson an American botanist. Graduating from Yale in 1847 in Biology, he drifted through various occupations until, in California, he joined the Clarence King Expedition and eventually became its expedition botanist. Appointed by Asa Gray as assistant in the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University in 1873, he later became its curator, a position he maintained until his death
Mar 11 Archibald Scott Couper a Scottish chemist who proposed an early theory of chemical structure and bonding. He developed the concepts of tetravalent carbon atoms linking together to form large molecules, and that the bonding order of the atoms in a molecule can be determined from chemical evidence
Mar 13 Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse the Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, reigning from 13 June 1877 until his death. Through his own and his children's marriages he was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial House of Russia and other Royal Houses of Europe