Born in 1893

Jan 1 Mordehai Frizis a Romaniote Jew and officer of the Greek Army, who distinguished himself in the Second World War, and was killed on 5 December 1940, fighting against the Julia Division.
Jan 1 Paulo Setúbal a Brazilian writer, lawyer, journalist, essayist and poet.
Jan 1 Minoru Sasaki a commander in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Jan 1 Ivan Panfilov a Soviet general and a posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union, known for his command of the 316th Rifle Division during the defense of Moscow at the Second World War.
Jan 2 Elmar Reimann an Estonian long-distance runner. He competed in the marathon for Russia at the 1912 Summer Olympics and for Estonia at the 1924 Summer Olympics
Jan 2 Walter Hörnlein a General der Infanterie in the Wehrmacht during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. This award was given to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or outstanding military leadership
Jan 2 Ernst Marischka an Austrian screenwriter and film director. He wrote for 93 films between 1913 and 1962. He also directed 29 films between 1915 and 1962. He wrote and directed the Sissi trilogy - Sissi , Sissi - The Young Empress and Sissi - Schicksalsjahre einer Kaiserin. The films were based on the life of Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Jan 3 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle a French writer of novels, short stories and political essays. He was born, lived and died in Paris. Drieu La Rochelle became a proponent of French fascism in the 1930s, and was a well-known collaborationist during the German occupation
Jan 3 Rudy Wiedoeft a U.S. saxophonist.
Jan 4 Yone Minagawa a Japanese supercentenarian who was the world's oldest living person from 29 January 2007 until her death of old age, aged 114 years 221 days. Although the previous holder of the title, Emma Tillman, died on 28 January 2007 around 10:10 PM EST, it was already well into 29 January in Japan at that time
Jan 5 Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski a Polish general, founder of the resistance movement "Polish Victory Service".
Jan 5 Johannes Vinther a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 5 Friedrich Blume professor of Musicology in Kiel University from 1938-1958. He was a student in Munich, Berlin and Leipzig, and taught in the last two of these for some years before being called to the chair in Kiel. His early studies were on Lutheran church music, including several books on J.S. Bach, but broadened his interests considerably later. Among his prominent works were chief editor of the collected Praetorious edition, and he also edited the important Eulenburg scores of the major Mozart Piano Concertos. From 1949 he was involved in the planning and writing of Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Coincidentally he died within a few weeks of another prominent Mozart musicologist, Cuthbert Girdlestone, and was thus almost his exact contemporary
Jan 5 Elizabeth Cotten an American blues and folk musician, singer, and songwriter.
Jan 5 Zoltán Böszörmény a leading exponent of Fascism in Hungary before the Second World War.
Jan 5 Paramahansa Yogananda an Indian yogi and guru who introduced millions of westerners to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his book, Autobiography of a Yogi.
Jan 6 Vincas Mykolaitis-Putinas Lithuanian poet and writer. He was also a priest, but renounced his priesthood in 1935
Jan 6 Mikheil Gelovani a Georgian-Soviet actor, known for his many portrayals of Joseph Stalin in cinema.
Jan 8 László Hudec a Hungarian - Slovak architect active in Shanghai from 1918 to 1945 and responsible for some of that city's most notable structures. Major works include the Park Hotel, the Grand Theater, the Joint Savings and Loan building, the combined Baptist Publications and Christian Literature Society buildings, and the post-modern "Green House". Hudec's style evolved during his active period, from the eclectic neo-classicism popular in the early 20th century to art deco and modern buildings toward the later part of his career. Although some of his buildings have been lost in the intervening decades, many survive
Jan 8 Georges Renaud a French chess master, theoretician and organizer.
Jan 10 Albert Jacka an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces. Jacka was the first Australian to be decorated with the VC during the First World War, receiving the medal for his actions during the Gallipoli Campaign. He later served on the Western Front and was twice further decorated for his bravery
Jan 10 Dorothy Wilding a noted English society photographer from Gloucester. She wanted to become an actress or artist but this career was disallowed by her uncle, in whose family she lived, so she chose the art of photography which she started to learn from the age of sixteen
Jan 10 Vicente Huidobro a Chilean poet born to an aristocratic family. He was an exponent of the artistic movement called Creacionismo , which held that a poet should bring life to the things he or she writes about, rather than just describe them
Jan 11 Tancredi Pasero an Italian bass who enjoyed a long and distinguished singing career in his native country and abroad.
Jan 11 Anthony M. Rud an American writer and pulp magazine editor.
Jan 12 Alfred Rosenberg an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart; he later held several important posts in the Nazi government. He is considered one of the main authors of key Nazi ideological creeds, including its racial theory, persecution of the Jews, Lebensraum, abrogation of the Treaty of Versailles, and opposition to "degenerate" modern art. He is known for his rejection of Christianity, having played an important role in the development of Positive Christianity. At Nuremberg he was sentenced to death and executed by hanging as a war criminal and for crimes against humanity
Jan 12 Beauford H. Jester the 36th Governor of Texas, serving from 1947 until 1949, when he died of a heart attack. He is the only Texas governor ever to have died in office. Jester was the son of George Taylor Jester
Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich (aircraft designer) a Soviet aircraft designer, a partner of the famous MiG military aviation bureau.
Jan 12 Hermann Göring a German politician, military leader, and leading member of the Nazi Party. A veteran of World War I as an ace fighter pilot, he was a recipient of the coveted Pour le Mérite, also known as the "Blue Max". He was the last commander of Jagdgeschwader 1, the fighter wing once led by Manfred von Richthofen, dubbed the "Red Baron"
Jan 12 Eddie Selzer an American film producer who was the producer of Warner Bros. Cartoons from 1944 to 1958
Jan 13 Clark Ashton Smith a self-educated American poet, sculptor, painter and author of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories. He achieved early local recognition, largely through the enthusiasm of George Sterling, for traditional verse in the vein of Swinburne. As a poet, Smith is grouped with the West Coast Romantics alongside Ambrose Bierce, Joaquin Miller, Sterling, Nora May French, and remembered as "The Last of the Great Romantics" and "The Bard of Auburn"
Jan 13 Roy Cazaly an Australian rules football player famous for his high marks and ruck work, which gave rise to the phrase "Up There Cazaly".
Jan 13 Chaim Soutine a Russian painter of Belarusian Jewish origin. Soutine made a major contribution to the expressionist movement while living in Paris
Jan 15 Erwin Otto Marx a German electrical engineer who invented the Marx generator, a device for producing high voltage electrical pulses.
Jan 15 Urho Peltonen a Finnish athlete who competed mainly in the javelin throw.
Jan 15 Ivor Novello a Welsh composer and actor who became one of the most popular British entertainers of the first half of the 20th century.
Jan 15 Dragiša Cvetković a Yugoslav politician.
Jan 16 Daisy Kennedy an Australian-born concert violinist.
Jan 18 Hans Schlemmer Dipl.-Ing. Johann "Hans" Schlemmer was a highly decorated General der Gebirgstruppe in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the LXXV. Armeekorps
Jan 18 Jorge Guillén a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27, as well as a university teacher, scholar and literary critic.
Jan 19 Magda Tagliaferro a Brazilian-born pianist of French parents. Born in Petropolis, Brazil, she studied under Antonin Marmontel at the Paris conservatoire and with Alfred Cortot. She developed a reputation for striving towards the realization of the musical ideals exemplified by Cortot: a perfect union of clarity and tenderness, inner strength and emotion and classical balance in shaping the works being interpreted
Jan 19 Johannes Dieckmann held the office of State President of East Germany on an acting basis in 1949 and again in 1960.
Jan 20 Alexander Burton an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 20 Georg Åberg a Swedish athlete who won a silver and a bronze medal in the triple jump and long jump, respectively, at the 1912 Olympics. He won the long jump event at the Swedish Games in 1916 and at the national championships in 1912, 1913 and 1915. After retiring from competitions he directed his own firm
Jan 21 Mary Angeline Teresa McCrory an Ulster-born immigrant to the United States. She became a Roman Catholic Religious Sister who worked as an advocate for the impoverished elderly, founding a new religious congregation for this purpose, the Carmelite Sisters for the Aged and Infirm. Her cause for canonization has been opened, and her life has been acknowledged by the Holy See as one of heroic virtue
Jan 22 Conrad Veidt a German actor best remembered for his roles in films such as The Cabinet of Caligari , The Man Who Laughs , The Thief of Bagdad and Casablanca. After a successful career in German silent film, where he was one of the best paid stars of Ufa, he left Germany in 1933 with his new Jewish wife after the Nazis came to power. They settled in the United Kingdom, where he participated in a number of films before emigrating to the United States around 1941
Jan 24 Viktor Shklovsky a Russian and Soviet literary theorist, critic, writer, and pamphleteer.
Jan 24 Boris Pregel a Ukrainian-born Jewish engineer and dealer in uranium and radium. He was born in Odessa, in the Russian Empire, and studied engineering in Belgium at the Universities of Brussels and Liege. He served in the Russian army in World War I, entering as a private soldier and rising to the rank of colonel of engineers. He was put in charge of Russia's only aircraft factory. He moved to Paris after the October Revolution
Jan 26 Frank Nighbor a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played for the Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League and National Hockey Association and Toronto Maple Leafs of the NHL, Toronto Blueshirts of the NHA and Vancouver Millionaires of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. An excellent defensive forward, his poke check, backchecking and bodychecking abilities thwarted enemy forwards' scoring attempts. For his somewhat high penalty totals, he was a clean player and one of the last 60 minute hockey players. For his contributions on the ice, Nighbor was the first player ever to be awarded the Hart Trophy and the first to be awarded the Lady Byng Trophy
Jan 26 Giuseppe Genco Russo an Italian mafioso, the boss of Mussomeli in the Province of Caltanissetta, Sicily.