1893 events in history

Jan 6 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison
Jan 13 The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting
Jan 13 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu, Hawaii from the USS Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution
Jan 17 The Citizen's Committee of Public Safety, led by Lorrin A. Thurston, overthrows the government of Queen Liliuokalani of the Kingdom of Hawaii
Jan 19 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder receives its premiere performance in Berlin
Jan 21 The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, is formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, now Botswana
Feb 1 Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey
Feb 28 The USS Indiana, the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time, is launched
Mar 1 Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri
Apr 1 The rank of Chief Petty Officer in the United States Navy is established
Apr 6 Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff
May 1 The World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
May 10 The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Nix v. Hedden that a tomato is a vegetable, not a fruit, under the Tariff Act of 1883
Jun 7 Mohandas Gandhi commits his first act of civil disobedience
Jun 13 Grover Cleveland notices a rough spot in his mouth and on July 1 undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; the operation was not revealed to the public until 1917, nine years after the president's death
Jun 20 Lizzie Borden is acquitted of the murders of her father and stepmother
Jun 22 The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sinks taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon
Jul 11 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto
Jul 11 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
Jul 25 The Corinth Canal in the Gulf of Corinth, Greece is used for the first time
Aug 14 France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration
Aug 15 Ibadan area becomes a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos, George C. Denton
Sep 7 The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become one of the oldest Italian football clubs, is established by British expats
Sep 11 Parliament of the World's Religions opens in Chicago, where Swami Vivekananda delivers his speech on fanaticism, tolerance and the truth inherent in all religions
Sep 16 Settlers make a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma
Sep 19 Women's suffrage: In New Zealand, the Electoral Act of 1893 is consented to by the governor giving all women in New Zealand the right to vote
Sep 20 Charles Duryea and his brother road-test the first American-made gasoline-powered automobile
Oct 28 Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, receives its première performance in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer's death
Nov 7 Women's suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so
Nov 12 The treaty of the Durand Line delineating the border between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan is signed by Sir Mortimer Durand, a British diplomat in British India, and the Afghan Amir Abdur Rahman Khan; the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two nations
Nov 28 New Zealand becomes the first country in which women vote in a national election
Nov 29 The Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing dynasty China, after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government
Dec 4 First Matabele War: A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland
Dec 20 The end of one of the most dramatic Test Matches of all time. In the first to involve six days of play, England became the first team to win one after following on at Sydney
Dec 23 The opera Hansel and Gretel by Engelbert Humperdinck is first performed