Born in 1894

Jan 1 Shitsu Nakano the fourth-oldest living person in the world and the oldest living person in Japan, following the death of the then oldest living recognized person Yone Minagawa six days earlier. She died of natural causes in a home for the elderly in Ogōri, Fukuoka Prefecture. She had eight children, 22 grandchildren, 31 great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren. After her death, fellow 113-year-old Tsuneyo Toyonaga became the oldest-living person in Japan
Jan 1 Vasili Yanchenko a World War I flying ace credited with 16 aerial victories. He graduated his secondary education as a mechanical engineer in 1913, with an interest in aviation. He learned to fly shortly after graduation
Jan 1 Satyendra Nath Bose an Indian physicist specialising in mathematical physics. He was born in Calcutta. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. A Fellow of the Royal Society, he was awarded India's second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954 by the Government of India
Jan 2 Vasily Sergeevich Nemchinov a Soviet economist and mathematician. Nemchinov is credited with introducing mathematical methods into Soviet economics, thus creating a scientific basis for central planning
Jan 2 Mikhail Nikolayevich Kedrov a Soviet stage director, actor and theatrical educator who managed the Moscow Art Theatre between 1946 and 1955. He is considered one of Konstantin Stanislavsky's most brilliant disciples
Jan 3 ZaSu Pitts an American actress who starred in many silent dramas and comedies, transitioning to comedy sound films.
Jan 4 Manuel de Abreu a Brazilian physician and scientist, the inventor of abreugraphy, a rapid radiography of the lungs for screening tuberculosis. He is considered one of the most important Brazilian physicians, side by side with Carlos Chagas, Vital Brazil and Osvaldo Cruz
Jan 7 Vilis Janums a Latvian officer in the First World War and later also in the Second World War. He was awarded with the Order of Three Stars , Order of Viesturs and German Cross
Jan 8 Maximilian Kolbe Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, O.F.M. Conv., was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the Nazi German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War Before his death he was very active in promoting the veneration of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, founding and supervising the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw, operating a radio station, and founding or running several other organizations and publications
Jan 10 Nikolai Zubarev a Russian chess master.
Jan 10 Pingali Lakshmikantam an Indian poet and writer.
Jan 11 Jaroslav Vogel a Czech conductor, composer and writer. He was principal conductor of the Brno Philharmonic Orchestra from 1959 to 1962
Jan 12 Georges Carpentier a French boxer, actor and World War I pilot. He fought mainly as a light heavyweight and heavyweight in a career lasting from 1908-26. Nicknamed the "Orchid Man", he stood 5 feet 11 1⁄2 inches and his fighting weight ranged from 126 to 175 pounds. Carpentier was known for his speed, his excellent boxing skills and his extremely hard punch. Halle Georges Carpentier is named after him
Jan 14 Karl von Eberstein a member of the German nobility, early member of the Nazi Party, the SA, and the Further, he rose to become a Reichstag delegate, an HSSPF and SS-Oberabschnitt Führer , and was a witness at the Nuremberg Trials.
Jan 14 Emil Richter a Czech chess master who was born and died in Prague. He won the Czech Chess Championship in 1948 and was awarded the International Master title in 1951. Richter played in the unofficial 1936 Chess Olympiad
Jan 15 Vasily Kuznetsov (general) a Soviet General and a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Jan 15 José Bustamante y Rivero a lawyer, writer, politician, diplomat, President of Peru from 1945 to 1948 and President of the International Court of Justice in The Hague from 1967 to 1969.
Jan 15 Ecaterina Teodoroiu regarded as a heroine of Romania.
Jan 16 Irving Mills interred at Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery.
Jan 17 Werner March a German architect.
Jan 17 Edgar André a politician in the Communist Party of Germany and an antifascist.
Jan 18 Toots Mondt an American wrestling promoter who revolutionized the wrestling industry in the early to mid-1920s and co-promoted the World Wide Wrestling Federation. Some of the stars Mondt helped create from the 1920s through the 1960s included Wayne Munn, Jim Londos, Antonino Rocca, Bruno Sammartino, Stu Hart and Cowboy Bill Watts
Jan 19 Xenia Desni a Russian Empire actress of the silent screen era whose family fled the Russian Revolution.
Jan 20 Harold Gray an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of the newspaper comic strip Little Orphan Annie. He is considered to be the first American cartoonist to use a comic strip to express a political philosophy
Jan 20 Junzaburō Nishiwaki a contemporary Japanese poet and literary critic, active in Shōwa period Japan, specializing in modernism, Dadaism and surrealism. He was also a noted painter of watercolors
Jan 20 Walter Piston an American composer of classical music, music theorist and professor of music at Harvard University whose students included Leroy Anderson, Leonard Bernstein and Elliott Carter.
Jan 23 Jyotirmoyee Devi an Indian writer in the early twentieth century. She wrote predominantly about women in the Rajasthan of her childhood and in what is now Bangladesh at the time of Partition. She is best known for her short stories, which have a wonderfully understated dry wit and sharp sociological observations
Jan 25 Corbett Denneny a Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played professionally from 1912 to 1931, including nine seasons in the National Hockey League for the Toronto Arenas, Toronto Pats, Hamilton Tigers and Chicago Black Hawks. Corbett also played for the Vancouver Maroons of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association and the Saskatoon Sheiks of Western Canada Hockey League. He twice won the Stanley Cup with the original versions of the NHL's Toronto franchise
Jan 27 Fritz Pollard the first African American head coach in the National Football League. Pollard along with Bobby Marshall were the first two African American players in the NFL in 1920. Sportswriter Walter Camp ranked Pollard as "one of the greatest runners these eyes have ever seen."
Jan 30 Boris III of Bulgaria the country's second major defeat in only five years, after the disastrous Second Balkan War. Under the Treaty of Neuilly, Bulgaria was forced to cede new territories and pay crippling reparations to its neighbours, thereby threatening political and economic stability. Two political forces, the Agrarian Union and the Communist Party, were calling for the overthrowing of the monarchy and the change of the government. It was in these circumstances that Boris succeeded to the throne
Jan 31 Kurt Blome a high-ranking Nazi scientist before and during World War He was the Deputy Reich Health Leader and Plenipotentiary for Cancer Research in the Reich Research Council. In his autobiography Arzt im Kampf , he equated medical and military power in their battle for life and death
Jan 31 Isham Jones an American bandleader, saxophonist, bassist and songwriter.
Feb 1 John Ford an Irish-American film director. He was famous for both his Westerns such as Stagecoach, The Searchers, and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, and adaptations of such classic 20th-century American novels as The Grapes of Wrath. His four Academy Awards for Best Director are a record, and one of those films, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture
Feb 1 Paul Carbone a Corsican criminal involved in the Marseille underworld from the 1920s till his death in 1943. Associated with François Spirito, who would become one of the leaders of the French Connection, Carbone inspired the film Borsalino which featured Alain Delon and Jean-Paul Belmondo
Feb 1 James P. Johnson an American pianist and composer. A pioneer of the stride style of jazz piano, he was one of the most important pianists who bridged the ragtime and jazz eras, and, with Jelly Roll Morton, one of the two most important catalysts in the evolution of ragtime piano into jazz. As such, he was a model for Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Art Tatum, and Fats Waller
Feb 1 Lucian Grigorescu a Romanian post-impressionist painter.
Feb 2 William Aitken (footballer) a Scottish footballer and football manager.
Feb 2 Hans Kramers a Dutch physicist who worked with Niels Bohr to understand how electromagnetic waves interact with matter.
Feb 2 Vagharsh Vagharshian a Soviet Armenian actor, director, playwright, public figure, People's Artist of USSR , a great master of stage. Professor of Yerevan Theatral Institute. State Prize of the USSR
Feb 2 John D. Dingell Sr. an American politician who represented Michigan's 15th congressional district from 1933 to 1955. He was a member of the Democratic Party. He is the father of long serving U.S. Representative John Dingell, Jr
Feb 3 Norman Rockwell a 20th-century American painter and illustrator. His works enjoy a broad popular appeal in the United States for their reflection of American culture. Rockwell is most famous for the cover illustrations of everyday life scenarios he created for The Saturday Evening Post magazine for more than four decades. Among the best-known of Rockwell's works are the Willie Gillis series, Rosie the Riveter, The Problem We All Live With, Saying Grace and the Four Freedoms series. He is also noted for his 64-year relationship with the Boy Scouts of America , producing covers for their publication Boys' Life, calendars, and other illustrations. These works include popular images that reflect the Scout Oath and Scout Law such as The Scoutmaster, A Scout is Reverent, and A Guiding Hand among many others
Feb 4 Friedrich Karl Florian the Gauleiter of Düsseldorf in Nazi Germany. Entered military service in August, 1914 as a Kriegsfreiwilliger and assigned to Grenadier-Regiment 1. Served in the unit until 1916, when he volunteered for the Fliegertruppe and assigned after training to Jagdstaffel 51 in Jagdgeschwader Richthofen. Shot down and captured by British troops in May, 1918. Released from captivity in November, 1919
Feb 5 Frederick E. Morgan a British Army officer who fought in both world wars. He is best known as the Chief of Staff to the Supreme Allied Commander , the original planner of Operation Overlord
Feb 6 Eric Partridge a New Zealand–British lexicographer of the English language, particularly of its slang. His writing career was interrupted only by his service in the Army Education Corps and the RAF correspondence department during World War II
Feb 6 Mikheil Chiaureli a Soviet Georgian film director and screenwriter. He directed 25 films between 1928 and 1974. Mikheil Chiaureli was awarded the Stalin Prize six times, twice in 1941, 1943, 1946, 1947, and 1950
Feb 6 Kirpal Singh a spiritual master.
Feb 8 Billy Bishop a Canadian First World War flying ace, officially credited with 72 victories, making him the top Canadian ace of the war. During the Second World War, Bishop was instrumental in setting up and promoting the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
Feb 8 Ludwig Marcuse a philosopher and writer of Jewish origin.
Feb 8 King Vidor an American film director, film producer, and screenwriter whose career spanned nearly seven decades. In 1979 he was awarded an Honorary Academy Award for his "incomparable achievements as a cinematic creator and innovator." He was nominated five times for a Best Director Oscar, and won eight international film awards during his career
Feb 9 Theodor Rowehl a German pilot who founded the Luftwaffe's strategic air reconnaissance programme, and headed what became known as the Rowehl Squadron and became Kampfgeschwader 200 after his resignation in December 1943.