Died in 1894

Jan 1 Louis-Maxime Raybaud a French philhellene officer and writer, and a participant in the War of Independence of Greece.
Jan 1 Heinrich Hertz a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. Hertz proved the theory by engineering instruments to transmit and receive radio pulses using experimental procedures that ruled out all other known wireless phenomena. The scientific unit of frequency – cycles per second – was named the "hertz" in his honor
Jan 3 August Kościesza-Żaba a Polish orientalist, diplomatist in Russian service. He studied Eastern languages in Saint Petersburg, Russia. During 1848-1866, August worked as a translator in Russian consulates in Jaffa and İzmir and as a consul in Erzurum
Jan 4 Baron Karl von Hasenauer an important Austrian architect and key representative of the Historismus school.
Jan 5 Justus Carl Hasskarl a German explorer and botanist specializing in Pteridophytes, Bryophytes and Spermatophytes.
Jan 6 Theophan the Recluse a well-known saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. He was born George Vasilievich Govorov, in the village of Chernavsk. His father was a Russian Orthodox priest. He was educated in the seminaries at Livny, Orel and Kiev. In 1841 he was ordained, became a monk, and adopted the name Theophan. He later became the Bishop of Tambov
Jan 7 Søren Jaabæk a Norwegian politician and farmer. Jaabæk is the longest-serving member of the Parliament of Norway in the history of Norway, and was one of the founders of the Liberal Party of Norway
Jan 8 Leopold von Schrenck a Baltic German zoologist, geographer and ethnographer from Russia.
Jan 8 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden a Belgian zoologist and paleontologist.
Jan 10 Antun Paško Kazali a Croatian folk-writer, poet and translator. Born in Dubrovnik , he went to school in Dubrovnik, studying philosophy and theology in Zadar. He was a parish priest in Ošlje near Ston and chaplain in Šipan. As a parish priest he often came into conflict with church authorities. He spent his most creative period in Zadar, starting in 1855. He was professor at the gymnasium in Zadar, teaching Latin, Greek and Croatian , and in 1862 became a professor at Rijeka/Fiume gymnasium. The last ten years of his life were spent in Dubrovnik
Jan 13 Nadezhda von Meck a Russian business woman who became an influential patron of the arts, especially music. She is best known today for her artistic relationship with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, supporting him financially for thirteen years, so that he could devote himself full-time to composition, while stipulating that they were never to meet. Tchaikovsky dedicated his Symphony 4 in F minor to her. She also gave financial support to several other musicians, including Nikolai Rubinstein and Claude Debussy
Jan 13 William Waddington a French statesman who was Prime Minister of France in 1879.
Jan 19 Piet Paaltjens a Dutch minister and writer, who wrote prose under his own name but remains best known for the poetry published under the pen name of Piet Paaltjens.
Jan 21 Guillaume Lekeu a Belgian composer of classical music.
Jan 21 Vojislav Ilić a 19th-century Serbian poet of finely chiselled verse, son of the Romanticist playwright and poet Jovan Ilić.
Jan 24 Alexander von Middendorff a Baltic German zoologist and explorer.
Jan 27 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins an English sculptor and natural history artist renowned for his work on the life-size models of dinosaurs in the Crystal Palace Park in south London. The models, accurately made using the latest scientific knowledge, created a sensation at the time. Hawkins was also a noted lecturer on zoological topics
Feb 3 Edmond Frémy a French chemist. He is perhaps best known today for Frémy's salt, a strong oxidizing agent which he discovered in 1845. Fremy's salt is a long-lived free radical that finds use as a standard in electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
Feb 4 Louis Lewandowski a German composer of synagogal music.
Feb 5 Auguste Vaillant a French anarchist, most famous for his bomb attack on the French Chamber of Deputies on 9 December 1893. The government's reaction to this attack was the passing of the infamous repressive Lois scélérates
Feb 6 Theodor Billroth a Prussian-born Austrian surgeon and amateur musician.
Feb 7 Adolphe Sax well known for having invented the saxophone. He also invented the saxotromba, saxhorn and saxtuba
Feb 8 John Baylor a politician in Texas and a colonel in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was removed as military governor of Arizona Territory by Jefferson Davis, who disapproved of his murderous intentions towards the Apaches
Feb 8 R. M. Ballantyne Ballantyne was a Scottish author of juvenile fiction who wrote more than 100 books. He was also an accomplished artist, and exhibited some of his water-colours at the Royal Scottish Academy
Feb 9 Maxime Du Camp a French writer and photographer.
Feb 11 Margaret Henley the daughter of William Ernest Henley and his wife Anna Henley. Margaret's friendship with M. Barrie, whom she called "fwendy" , was the inspiration for the character Wendy Darling in Barrie's play Peter Pan; or, The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up and its novelisation Peter and Wendy. She may also have served as the inspiration for Margaret Dearth, the protagonist's "dream-child" in Barrie's 1917 play Dear Brutus, and for Margaret, Wendy Darling's granddaughter, in Peter Pan. Margaret died at the age of five of cerebral meningitis. She was buried at the country estate of her father's friend, Henry Cust, in Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire
Feb 12 Hans von Bülow a German conductor, virtuoso pianist, and composer of the Romantic era. One of the most famous conductors of the 19th century, his activity was critical for establishing the successes of several major composers of the time, especially Richard Wagner and Johannes Brahms. Along with Carl Tausig, Bülow was perhaps the most prominent of the early students of Hungarian virtuoso pianist, conductor and composer Franz Liszt. He became acquainted with and eventually married Liszt's daughter Cosima, who later left him for Wagner. Noted for his interpretation of the works of Ludwig van Beethoven, he was one of the earliest European musicians to tour the United States
Feb 13 Franjo Rački a Croatian historian, politician and writer. He compiled important collections of old Croatian diplomatic and historical documents, wrote some pioneering historical works, and was a key founder of the Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts
Feb 14 Eugène Charles Catalan a French and Belgian mathematician.
Feb 18 Camillo Sivori an Italian virtuoso violinist and composer.
Feb 21 Gustave Caillebotte a French painter, member and patron of the group of artists known as Impressionists, though he painted in a much more realistic manner than many other artists in the group. Caillebotte was noted for his early interest in photography as an art form
Feb 25 Steele MacKaye an American playwright, actor, theater manager and inventor. Having acted, written, directed and produced numerous and popular plays and theatrical spectaculars of the day, he became one of the most famous actors and theater producers of his generation
Feb 27 Carl Schmidt (chemist) a Baltic German chemist from the Governorate of Livonia, a part of the Russian Empire. He determined the typical crystallization patterns of many important biochemicals such as uric acid, oxalic acid and its salts, lactic acid, cholesterin, stearin, etc
Mar 2 William H. Osborn a 19th Century railroad tycoon. Born and educated in Salem, Massachusetts, Osborn became one of the most prominent railroad leaders in the United States
Mar 2 Jubal Early a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served under Stonewall Jackson and then Robert Lee for almost the entire war, rising from regimental command to lieutenant general and the command of an infantry corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. He was the Confederate commander in key battles of the Valley Campaigns of 1864, including a daring raid to the outskirts of Washington, D.C. The articles written by him for the Southern Historical Society in the 1870s established the Lost Cause point of view as a long-lasting literary and cultural phenomenon
Mar 2 Joseph Whittaker a British botanist who visited South Australia in 1839. Whittaker has 300 plants from that trip in Kew Gardens and 2,200 pressed British plants in Derby Museum and Art Gallery
Mar 2 William McMurdo a British army officer who rose to the rank of general. He saw active service in India, helped to run a military railway in the Crimean War and then managed various groups of volunteers working with the army. He was eventually knighted
Mar 3 Ned Williamson an American Major League Baseball player for 13 seasons from 1878 until 1890. He played for three different teams: the Indianapolis Blues of the National League for one season, the Chicago White Stockings for 11 seasons, and the Chicago Pirates of the Players' League for one season
Mar 12 Illarion Pryanishnikov a Russian painter, one of the founders of the Peredvizhniki artistic cooperative.
Mar 12 August Cieszkowski a Polish philosopher, economist and social and political activist. His Hegelian philosophy influenced the young Karl Marx and action theorists
Mar 12 Zachris Topelius a Swedish-speaking Finnish author, journalist, historian, and rector of the University of Helsinki who wrote novels related to Finnish history in Swedish.
Mar 20 Lajos Kossuth a Hungarian lawyer, journalist, politician and Regent-President of the Kingdom of Hungary during the revolution of 1848–49. He was widely honored during his lifetime, including in the United Kingdom and the United States, as a freedom fighter and bellwether of democracy in Europe. Kossuth's bronze bust can be found in the United States Capitol with the inscription: "Father of Hungarian Democracy, Hungarian Statesman, Freedom Fighter, 1848–1849"
Mar 24 Verney Lovett Cameron an English traveller in Central Africa and the first European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea.
Mar 28 Kim Ok-gyun a reformist activist during the late Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He served under the national civil service under King Gojong, and actively participated to advance Western ideas and sciences in Korea. The goal of the reform movement was to develop Korea in government, technology, and military by using foreign resources, so that Korea would become stable enough in time to withstand increasing foreign encroachment. Kim was assassinated in Shanghai, and later was given the posthumous title "Chungdal"
Mar 28 Johann Friedrich Judeich a German forester.
Mar 28 George Ticknor Curtis an American author, writer, historian and lawyer.
Mar 31 Pavel Yablochkov a Russian electrical engineer, the inventor of the Yablochkov candle and the transformer and businessman.
Apr 1 Remigio Morales Bermúdez president of Peru from 1890 to 1894. His predecessor until 1890 was Andrés Avelino Cáceres, his successor was Justiniano Borgoño in 1894. He died while still in office
Apr 2 Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard now called Brown-Séquard syndrome.
Apr 2 Achille Vianelli an Italian painter of landscapes with genre scenes, often in watercolor.