1895 in history

1895 events chronologically

Jan 5 Dreyfus affair: French army officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island
Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom
Jan 13 First Italo-Ethiopian War: the war's opening battle, the Battle of Coatit, occurs; it is an Italian victory
Feb 1 Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger
Feb 9 William G. Morgan creates a game called Mintonette, which soon comes to be referred to as volleyball
Feb 24 Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the Cuban War of Independence, that ends with the Spanish–American War in 1898
Mar 19 Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph

Top 7 most famous people born in 1895

Feb 6 Babe Ruth an American baseball outfielder and pitcher who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1914 to 1935. Nicknamed "The Bambino" and "The Sultan of Swat", he began his career as a stellar left-handed pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, but achieved his greatest fame as a slugging outfielder for the New York Yankees. Ruth established many MLB batting records, including career home runs , slugging percentage , runs batted in , bases on balls , and on-base plus slugging , some of which have been broken. He was one of the first five inductees into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936
May 24 Marcel Janco a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben
Jul 12 Buckminster Fuller an American neo-futuristic architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor.
Oct 4 Buster Keaton an American actor, vaudevillian, comedian, filmmaker, stunt performer, and writer. He was best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression, earning him the nickname "The Great Stone Face"
Oct 8 Juan Perón an Argentine military officer and politician.
Dec 9 Dolores Ibárruri a Spanish Republican leader of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin. She is perhaps best known for her defense of the Second Spanish Republic and the famous slogan ¡No Pasarán! during the Battle of Madrid
Dec 14 George VI King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth

Top 7 most famous people died in 1895

Feb 20 Frederick Douglass an African-American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners also found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave
Mar 2 Berthe Morisot a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists. She was described by Gustave Geffroy in 1894 as one of "les trois grandes dames" of Impressionism alongside Marie Bracquemond and Mary Cassatt
Mar 5 Nikolai Leskov a Russian novelist, short story writer, playwright, and journalist who also wrote under the pseudonym Stebnitskiy. Praised for his unique writing style and innovative experiments in form, and held in high esteem by Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov and Maxim Gorky among others, Leskov is credited with creating a comprehensive picture of contemporary Russian society using mostly short literary forms. His major works include Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk , The Cathedral Clergy , The Enchanted Wanderer , and The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea
May 19 José Martí a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life, he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence." He also wrote about the threat of Spanish and US expansionism into Cuba. From adolescence, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt
Jun 29 Thomas Henry Huxley an English biologist , known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
Aug 5 Friedrich Engels a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester
Sep 28 Louis Pasteur a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and preventions of diseases, and his discoveries have saved countless lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. His medical discoveries provided direct support for the germ theory of disease and its application in clinical medicine. He is best known to the general public for his invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process now called pasteurization. He is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology, together with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, and is popularly known as the "father of microbiology"