Died in 1895

Jan 3 James Merritt Ives an American lithographer, bookkeeper, and businessman. He oversaw the business and financial side of the firm, Currier and Ives, which he co-managed with his business partner, Nathaniel Currier
Jan 5 Władysław Podkowiński a Polish master painter and illustrator associated with the Young Poland movement during Partitions.
Jan 6 Gustav Graef a German painter, primarily of portraits and historical subjects.
Jan 7 Guillaume Fouace a French painter. He produced over 700 paintings in a realist style, mainly portraits, still lifes and landscapes - the Musée d'Orsay has some of them, whilst 40 are displayed in a 'Salle de Fouace' at the Musée Thomas-Henry in Cherbourg-Octeville
Jan 8 Matti Haapoja a Finnish murderer who was much covered by the press at the time of the murders. The exact number of his victims is unknown. He was convicted of two murders and was scheduled for a trial for his third murder trial when he committed suicide in his cell. He can be linked to seven other identified murder cases, but most of those happened during his exile in Siberia and are poorly documented, so his involvement is not certain. It is claimed that he confessed to 18 murders, but there are no details about this supposed confession, and the figure should be regarded as unreliable. Some sources estimate his total number of murders as 22-25. He also non-fatally wounded at least six men in knife fights
Jan 9 Aaron Lufkin Dennison an American watchmaker and businessman who founded a number of companies.
Jan 10 Benjamin Godard a French violinist and Romantic-era composer of Jewish extraction. Godard has composed six operas, five symphonies, a piano and two violin concertos, string quartets, sonatas for violin and piano, piano pieces and etudes, and more than a hundred songs. He died at the age of 45 in Cannes with tuberculosis and was buried in the family tomb in Taverny in the French department of Val-d'Oise
Jan 10 Eli Whitney Blake Jr. an American scientist. His father and namesake was an inventor and partner of the Blake Brothers manufacturing firm. The origin of the name Eli Whitney comes from Blake senior's uncle Eli Whitney, who changed the face of the cotton industry with the invention of the cotton gin
Jan 13 Jacques Pucheran a French zoologist born in Clairac. He was a grandnephew to physiologist Étienne Serres
Jan 15 Lady Charlotte Guest an English translator and business woman. An important figure in the study of Welsh language and literature, she is best known for her pioneering translation from Welsh into English of several medieval tales to which she gave the name Mabinogion
Jan 15 Stephen F. Chadwick an American Democratic politician who served as the fifth Governor of Oregon from 1877 to 1878. Governor Chadwick was the first person to obtain the governorship by way of the state's Line of Succession
Jan 17 George Newbold Lawrence an American businessman and amateur ornithologist.
Jan 24 Lord Randolph Churchill a British statesman. He was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, and his wife, Lady Frances Vane. He was the father of Winston Churchill, the future wartime Prime Minister, who wrote his father's first major biography
Jan 26 Arthur Cayley a British mathematician. He helped found the modern British school of pure mathematics
Jan 26 Nikolay Girs a Russian Foreign Minister during the reign of Alexander III. He was one of the architects of the Franco-Russian Alliance, which was later transformed into the Triple Entente
Jan 28 François Certain Canrobert a marshal of France.
Jan 29 Charles Frédéric Girard a French biologist specializing in ichthyology and herpetology.
Jan 30 Vsevolod Krestovsky a Russian writer who worked in the city mysteries genre.
Jan 30 Eugene Balabin a Russian Roman Catholic priest and a member of the Society of Jesus. He was a prominent Russian Catholic of the 19th century
Feb 2 Eugène Fichel a French painter.
Feb 3 Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera a Mexican writer and political figure.
Feb 3 Theodore Dwight Weld one of the leading architects of the American abolitionist movement during its formative years, from 1830 through 1844.
Feb 7 James Gall a Scottish clergyman who founded the Carrubbers Close Mission. As well as writing on religious matters, often from a rather unorthodox standpoint, he had an interest in astronomy. It was his Easy Guide to the Constellations and his People's Atlas of the Stars that brought him to people's attention
Feb 8 Jean-François Portaels a Belgian orientalist painter and director of the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.
Feb 11 Montgomery Dent Corse an American banker, gold prospector, and soldier who served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He commanded the 17th Virginia Infantry and then Corse's Brigade of Pickett's Division in the Army of Northern Virginia, and served in several of that army's most important battles
Feb 12 Vilém Dušan Lambl a Czech physician from Letina, Kreis Pilsen, Bohemia.
Feb 12 Ding Ruchang a career military officer in the late Qing dynasty military of China.
Feb 16 Fredrik August Dahlgren a Swedish writer, playwright and songwriter.
Feb 18 Archduke Albrecht Duke of Teschen an Austrian Habsburg general. Inspector General for 36 years, he was honored with the rank of Field Marshal in the armies of Austria-Hungary and Germany
Feb 18 Carl Abs a German professional wrestler. He is considered the founder of the modern wrestling match in Germany. He won the European Greco-Roman Heavyweight Championship in 1894, a year before his death at the age of 44. His cause of death is unknown
Feb 20 Frederick Douglass an African-American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners also found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave
Feb 27 Mason Brayman an American attorney, newspaperman, and military officer. During his service to the Union Army during the American Civil War he rose to the rank of Brigadier general. Later in life, he became the seventh Governor of the Idaho Territory
Feb 28 Đura Horvatović a Serbian general and military minister.
Mar 1 Hyde Clarke an English engineer, philologist and author.
Mar 1 Pauline Musters at 23 inches tall, recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the shortest woman ever recorded.
Mar 2 Berthe Morisot a painter and a member of the circle of painters in Paris who became known as the Impressionists. She was described by Gustave Geffroy in 1894 as one of "les trois grandes dames" of Impressionism alongside Marie Bracquemond and Mary Cassatt
Mar 2 Isma'il Pasha the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom. Sharing the ambitious outlook of his grandfather, Muhammad Ali Pasha, he greatly modernized Egypt and Sudan during his reign, investing heavily in industrial and economic development, urbanisation, and the expansion of the country's boundaries in Africa
Mar 2 Grand Duke Alexei Mikhailovich of Russia the youngest son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia. He was destined to follow a career in the Russian Navy, but he died in his youth of tuberculosis
Mar 3 Geoffrey Hornby a British naval officer.
Mar 5 Sir Henry Rawlinson 1st Baronet Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, 1st Baronet GCB was a British East India Company army officer, politician and Orientalist, sometimes described as the Father of Assyriology. Rawlinson was one of the most important figures arguing that Britain must check Russian ambitions in South Asia. He was a strong advocate of the forward policy in Afghanistan, and counselled the retention of Kandahar. He argued that Tsarist Russia would attack and absorb Khokand, Bokhara and Khiva and warned they would invade Persia and Afghanistan as springboards to British India
Mar 5 Nikolai Leskov a Russian novelist, short story writer, playwright, and journalist who also wrote under the pseudonym Stebnitskiy. Praised for his unique writing style and innovative experiments in form, and held in high esteem by Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov and Maxim Gorky among others, Leskov is credited with creating a comprehensive picture of contemporary Russian society using mostly short literary forms. His major works include Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk , The Cathedral Clergy , The Enchanted Wanderer , and The Tale of Cross-eyed Lefty from Tula and the Steel Flea
Mar 6 Camilla Collett a Norwegian writer, often referred to as the first Norwegian feminist. She was also the younger sister of Norwegian poet Henrik Wergeland, and is recognized as being one of the first contributors to realism in Norwegian literature. Her younger brother was Major General Joseph Frantz Oscar Wergeland
Mar 6 Jules Charles Victurnien de Noailles Jules-Charles-Victurnien de Noailles, 7th Duke of Noailles , son of Paul, 6th duc de Noailles, acceded to the title of duc de Noailles on his father's death in 1885. He was succeeded by his son, Adrien de Noailles
Mar 6 Henry Lazarus the leading British clarinet virtuoso of the 19th century. George Bernard Shaw wrote of Henry Lazarus:
Mar 9 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch an Austrian writer and journalist, who gained renown for his romantic stories of Galician life. The term masochism is derived from his name
Mar 10 Charles Frederick Worth widely considered the Father of Haute couture.
Mar 11 Ivane Bagration of Mukhrani a Georgian nobleman of the House of Mukhrani, and general in the Imperial Russian service. He was one of the biggest Georgian landowners of that time and a modernizer of winemaking industry
Mar 11 Louis-Florentin Calmeil a French psychiatrist and medical historian born in Yversay.
Mar 12 John H. Balsley a master carpenter and inventor, inventing a practical folding wooden stepladder and receiving the first U.S. patent issued for a safety stepladder.
Mar 15 Inoue Kowashi a statesman in Meiji period Japan.