1895 events in history

Jan 5 Dreyfus affair: French army officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island
Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in the United Kingdom
Jan 13 First Italo-Ethiopian War: the war's opening battle, the Battle of Coatit, occurs; it is an Italian victory
Feb 1 Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger
Feb 9 William G. Morgan creates a game called Mintonette, which soon comes to be referred to as volleyball
Feb 24 Revolution breaks out in Baire, a town near Santiago de Cuba, beginning the Cuban War of Independence, that ends with the Spanish–American War in 1898
Mar 19 Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph
Apr 3 The trial in the libel case brought by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality
Apr 6 Oscar Wilde is arrested in the Cadogan Hotel, London after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry
Apr 8 In Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. the Supreme Court of the United States declares unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional
Apr 17 The Treaty of Shimonoseki between China and Japan is signed. This marks the end of the First Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of the Fengtien province, Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan
Apr 24 Joshua Slocum, the first person to sail single-handedly around the world, sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts aboard the sloop "Spray"
May 7 In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver. In some parts of the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day
May 24 Henry Irving becomes the first person from the theatre to be knighted
May 25 The playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison
May 25 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as its president
Jun 20 The Kiel Canal, crossing the base of the Jutland peninsula and the busiest artificial waterway in the world, is officially opened
Jun 27 The inaugural run of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Royal Blue from Washington, D.C., to New York, New York, the first U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives
Jun 28 Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis' claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."
Jun 28 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Greater Republic of Central America
Jun 29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government
Jul 11 Brothers Auguste and Louis Lumière demonstrate movie film technology to scientists
Aug 19 American Frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas
Aug 31 German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his Navigable Balloon
Sep 3 John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association
Sep 7 The first game of what would become known as rugby league football is played, in England, starting the 1895–96 Northern Rugby Football Union season
Sep 18 Booker T. Washington delivers the "Atlanta compromise" address
Sep 18 Daniel David Palmer gives the first chiropractic adjustment
Sep 30 Madagascar becomes a French protectorate
Oct 4 The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island
Oct 5 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London
Oct 8 Eulmi incident: Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by Japanese infiltrators inside Gyeongbok Palace
Oct 21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade
Oct 22 In Paris an express train derails after overrunning the buffer stop, crossing almost 30 metres (100 ft) of concourse before crashing through a wall and falling 10 metres (33 ft) to the road below
Nov 2 The first gasoline-powered race in the United States; first prize is $2,000
Nov 5 George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile
Nov 8 While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray
Nov 27 At the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after he dies
Nov 28 The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours
Dec 28 The Lumière brothers perform for their first paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines, marking the debut of the cinema
Dec 28 Wilhelm Röntgen publishes a paper detailing his discovery of a new type of radiation, which later will be known as x-rays