Born in 1896

Jan 1 Teinosuke Kinugasa a Japanese actor and film director. He was born in Kameyama, Mie Prefecture and died in Kyoto. Kinugasa won the 1954 Palme d'or at Cannes for Jigokumon
Jan 1 Vasili Glazunov a Soviet lieutenant general, a commander in Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War. He was twice awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union and received of several other awards as well
Jan 2 Lawrence Wackett widely regarded as "father of the Australian aircraft industry". He has been described as "one of the towering figures in the history of Australian aviation covering, as he did, virtually all aspects of activities: pilot, designer of airframes and engines, entrepreneur and manager". He was knighted for his services to aviation and was a winner of the Oswald Watt Gold Medal. He was also a keen angler and wrote two books on the subject
Jan 2 Dziga Vertov a Soviet pioneer documentary film, newsreel director and cinema theorist. His filming practices and theories influenced the cinéma vérité style of documentary moviemaking and the Dziga Vertov Group, a radical filmmaking cooperative which was active in the 1960s
Jan 3 Berta Zahourek an Austrian freestyle swimmer who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Everett Dirksen an American politician of the Republican Party. He represented Illinois in the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate. As Senate Minority Leader for a decade, he played a highly visible and key role in the politics of the 1960s, including helping to write and pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Open Housing Act of 1968, both landmarks of civil rights legislation. He was also one of the Senate's strongest supporters of the Vietnam War and was known as "The Wizard of Ooze" for his oratorical style
Jan 4 Arnold Susi a lawyer and the Minister of Education in the Estonian Otto Tief's government established on 18 September 1944 during WWII. He befriended Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in Soviet prison. He has also written down his memories from days of WW1 in book "Doom of the Russian Empire" , which he wrote while in Abakan
Jan 4 André Masson a French artist.
Jan 6 Charles Austin Gardner a Western Australian botanist.
Jan 7 Arnold Ridley an English playwright and actor, first notable as the author of the play The Ghost Train and later in life for portraying the elderly Private Charles Godfrey in the British sitcom Dad's Army.
Jan 8 Arthur Ford an American psychic, spiritual medium, clairaudient, and founder of the Spiritual Frontiers Fellowship. He gained national attention when he claimed to have contacted the dead son of Bishop James Pike in 1967 on network In 1928 Ford claimed to have contacted the deceased spirits of Houdini's mother and later in 1929 Harry Houdini himself
Jan 8 Jaromír Weinberger a Czech American composer.
Jan 9 Warwick Braithwaite a New Zealand-born orchestra conductor. He worked mostly in Great Britain and was especially known for his work in opera
Jan 10 François Lafortune Sr. a Belgian rifle shooter who competed at five Olympic Games. He was born in Leuven
Jan 10 Walter Blume a German fighter ace of World War During World War I, he flew with Jastas 26 and 9, gaining 28 aerial victories and earning the Iron Cross and the Pour le Merite.
Jan 11 Heinrich Stuhlfauth a German goalkeeper.
Jan 12 David Wechsler a leading American psychologist. He developed well-known intelligence scales, such as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
Jan 12 Nobuko Yoshiya a Japanese novelist active in Taishō and Showa period of Japan. She was one of modern Japan's most commercially successful and prolific writers, specializing in serialized romance novels and adolescent girls' fiction, as well as a pioneer in Japanese lesbian literature, including the Class S genre. Several of her stories have been made into films
Jan 12 Freddie Stowers an African American corporal in the United States Army who was killed in action during World War I, while serving in an American unit under French command. Over 70 years later, he posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions
Jan 14 Ieronim Uborevich a Soviet military commander of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War. He eventually attained the rank of Army Commander, 1st Rank, equivalent to General of the Army after old Imperial ranks were reintroduced in 1940
Jan 14 John Dos Passos a radical American novelist and artist active in the first half of the twentieth century. He was born in Chicago, Illinois, and he went on to Harvard College, graduating in 1916. He was well-traveled, visiting Europe and the Middle East, where he learned about literature, art, and architecture. During World War I he was a member of the American Volunteer Motor Ambulance Corps in Paris and Italy, later joining the U.S. Army Medical Corps
Jan 15 Marjorie Bennett an Australian television and film actress who began her career during the silent film era.
Jan 16 Maria Ossowska a Polish sociologist and social philosopher.
Jan 16 Erich Koch a Gauleiter of the Nazi Party in East Prussia from 1928 until 1945. Between 1941 and 1945 he was the Chief of Civil Administration of Bezirk Bialystok. During this period, he was also the Reichskommissar in Reichskommissariat Ukraine from 1941 until 1943. After the Second World War, Koch stood trial in Poland and was convicted in 1959 of war crimes and sentenced to death. The sentence was commuted to life imprisonment a year later
Jan 17 Pauls Stradiņš a Latvian professor, physician, and surgeon.
Jan 18 Ville Ritola a Finnish long-distance runner. Known as one of the "Flying Finns", he won five Olympic gold medals and three Olympic silver medals in the 1920s. He holds the record of winning most athletics medals in one Olympic games event - four golds and two silvers in Paris 1924. He has won the second biggest number of athletics Olympic gold medals in one event
Jan 18 Hans Sedlmayr an Austrian art historian. Sedlmayr first studied architecture at Vienna's Technische Hochschule between 1918 and 1920. Afterward, he continued his education at the University of Vienna, where he studied art history under Max Dvořák, until Dvořák's death in 1921. He continued at the University of Vienna under Dvořák's successor, Julius von Schlosser, who advised Sedlmayr's dissertation on Austrian baroque architect, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, which was published in 1925. Sedlmayr held a chair in Art History at the University of Vienna from 1936 until 1945, then at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich from 1951 until 1964. In 1964 he was appointed as visiting professor at the University of Salzburg, where he established the art history curriculum. Sedlmayr was a strong supporter of the preservation of the old town in Salzburg. He stressed the importance of studying art and architecture in their historical and social context. He specialized in the study of Baroque architecture and wrote a book on the churches of Francesco Borromini. A founding member of the New Vienna School of art history alongside Otto Pächt, which based itself on the writings of Alois Riegl, he wrote a manifesto in 1931 called Zu einer strengen Kunstwissenschaft. In this text, Sedlmayr calls on the discipline of art history to move past empirical research, and he introduces a 'second', interpretive method of art historical analysis that would discern the aesthetic nature of the artwork. This method of art history is known as Strukturforschung or Strukturanalyse. He is the author of Verlust der Mitte: Die bildende Kunst des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts als Symptom und Symbol der Zeit , published in English in 1957 as Art in Crisis: The Lost Center". In this book, Sedlmayr offers a "critique" of the spirit of the 19th Century, as revealed through the artwork created during that time period
Jan 18 C. M. Eddy Jr. an American author best known for his horror, mystery and supernatural short stories. He is best remembered for his work in Weird Tales magazine and his friendship with H.P. Lovecraft
Jan 19 Wilton Persons Burton "Jerry" Persons served as the White House Chief of Staff to President Dwight Eisenhower from October 7, 1958 until January 20, 1961.
Jan 19 Volger Andersson a former Swedish cross country skier who competed in the 1920s.
Jan 20 Elmer Diktonius a Finnish poet and composer, who wrote in both Swedish and in Finnish.
Jan 20 Rolfe Sedan an American character actor.
Jan 20 Isabel Withers an American actress, who worked in theatre, film and television.
Jan 20 George Burns an American comedian, award-winning actor and best-selling writer.
Jan 21 Theodore Stephanides a Greek poet, author, doctor and naturalist. He is best remembered as the friend and mentor of the famous naturalist Gerald Durrell, featuring in Durrell's My Family and Other Animals, Birds, Beasts and Relatives, The Garden of the Gods and Fillets of Plaice, Durrell's brother Lawrence's Prospero's Cell, and Henry Miller's The Colossus of Maroussi
Jan 21 Paula Hitler the younger sister of Adolf Hitler and the last child of Alois Hitler, and his third wife, Klara Pölzl.
Jan 21 Masa Perttilä a Finnish wrestler who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics. He was born and died in Isokyrö
Jan 21 J. Carrol Naish an American character actor. He was nominated twice for an Academy Award for film roles, and he later found fame in the title role of CBS Radio's Life With Luigi , which was also on aired on television
Jan 22 Norman Thomas Gilroy an Australian bishop. He was the first Australian-born cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jan 23 Alf Hall a South African cricketer who played in seven Tests from 1923 to 1931. His appearances in first class cricket were limited by his movement between South Africa and his native Lancashire due to business commitments, but he played nine times as a professional for his native county in 1923 and 1924, despite controversy as to whether he was eligible given that he had played for South Africa. However, because Hall’s bowling was developed on the matting pitches then used in South Africa, he was not successful in England apart from his first two games when he took a total of sixteen wickets against the two University teams - though he did bowl with deadly effect in Lancashire League games for East Lancashire and Todmorden
Jan 23 Charlotte Grand Duchess of Luxembourg reigned from 1919 to 1964.
Jan 25 Florence Mills an African-American cabaret singer, dancer, and comedian known for her effervescent stage presence, delicate voice, and winsome, wide-eyed beauty.
Jan 25 John Moores (British businessman) an English businessman and philanthropist most famous for the founding of the now defunct Littlewoods retail company that was located in Liverpool, England.
Jan 26 Alf Skinner a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger. He won the Stanley Cup hockey championship in 1918 with the Toronto Arenas of the National Hockey League
Jan 27 Agustín Muñoz Grandes a Spanish general, and politician, vice-president of the Spanish Government and minister with Francisco Franco several times; also known as the commander of the Blue Division between 1941 and 1943.
Jan 27 Arkady Mordvinov a Soviet architect and construction manager, notable for Stalinist architecture of Tverskaya Street, Leninsky Avenue, Hotel Ukraina skyscraper in Moscow and his administrative role in Soviet construction industry and architecture.
Jan 30 Alfred B. Skar a Norwegian newspaper editor, writer, trade unionist and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.
Jan 31 Charlie Robertson an American Major League Baseball pitcher.
Jan 31 Olive Carey an American film and television actress.
Jan 31 Sofya Yanovskaya a mathematician and historian, specializing in the history of mathematics, mathematical logic, and philosophy of mathematics. She is best known for her efforts of restoring mathematical logic research in the Soviet Union and publishing and editing mathematical works of Karl Marx