Died in 1897

Jan 5 Francis Amasa Walker an American economist, statistician, journalist, educator, academic administrator, and military officer in the Union Army.
Jan 9 Thomas Gwyn Elger a British selenographer and one of the preeminent lunar observers of the Victorian age, best known for his lunar map, which was regarded as one of the best available until the 1960s. He was the first director of the Lunar Section of the British Astronomical Association , and is remembered by the lunar crater Elger
Jan 11 Empress Eishō the empress consort of Emperor Kōmei of Japan. She is also known under the technically incorrect name Empress Eishō
Jan 14 John Carroll (bishop of Shrewsbury) an Irish-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Bishop of Shrewsbury from 1895 to 1897
Jan 15 Alois Friedrich Rogenhofer an Austrian entomologist. He was a curator at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, where he was the first keeper of the Lepidoptera. Rogenhofer was mainly interested in Lepidoptera, and Hymenoptera
Jan 22 Isaac Pitman an English teacher who developed the most widely used system of shorthand, known now as Pitman shorthand. He first proposed this in Stenographic Soundhand in 1837. Pitman was a qualified teacher and taught at a private school he founded in Wotton-under-Edge - The British School, Wotton-under-Edge. He was also the vice president of the Vegetarian Society. Pitman was knighted in 1894
Jan 24 Alfred Isidore Romer a Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian painter, sculptor, carver and medalist, participant of the January Uprising against the Russian Empire.
Jan 25 Albion P. Howe a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Howe's contentious relationships with superior officers in the Army of the Potomac eventually led to his being deprived of division command
Feb 1 Constantin von Ettingshausen an Austrian geologist and botanist.
Feb 2 Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. She was the youngest daughter of king Ferdinand VII of Spain and his fourth wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, the queen-regent, who was also his niece
Feb 2 Benjamin Forstner an American gunsmith, inventor and dry goods merchant.
Feb 6 Raffaele Cadorna an Italian general who served as one of the major Piedmontese leaders responsible for the unification of Italy during the mid-19th century.
Feb 7 Claude Thomas Alexis Jordan a French botanist and taxonomist.
Feb 7 Galileo Ferraris an Italian physicist and electrical engineer, noted mostly for the studies and independent discovery of the rotating magnetic field, a basic working principle of the induction motor. Ferraris has published an extensive and complete monograph on the experimental results obtained with open-circuit transformers of the type designed by the power engineers Lucien Gaulard and John Dixon Gibbs
Feb 10 Antonio Bazzini an Italian violinist, composer and teacher. As a composer his most enduring work is his chamber music which has earned him a central place in the Italian instrumental renaissance of the 19th century. However his success as a composer was overshadowed by his reputation as one of the finest concert violinists of the nineteenth century. He also contributed to a portion of Messa per Rossini, specifically the first section of Sequentia, Dies Irae
Feb 12 Darius N. Couch an American soldier, businessman, and naturalist. He served as a career U.S. Army officer during the Mexican-American War, the Second Seminole War, and as a general officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War
Feb 14 Panteleimon Kulish a Ukrainian writer, critic, poet, folklorist, and translator.
Feb 15 Dimitrie Ghica a Romanian politician. A prominent member of the Conservative Party, he served as Prime Minister between 1868 and 1870
Feb 17 Alfred Pleasonton a United States Army officer and General of Union cavalry during the American Civil War. He commanded the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Gettysburg Campaign, including the largest predominantly cavalry battle of the war, Brandy Station. In 1864, he was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Theater, where he defeated Confederate General Sterling Price in two key battles, effectively ending the war in Missouri. He was the son of Stephen Pleasonton and younger brother of Augustus Pleasonton
Feb 19 Karl Weierstrass a German mathematician often cited as the "father of modern analysis". Despite leaving university without a degree, he studied mathematics and trained as a teacher, eventually teaching mathematics, physics, botany and gymnastics
Feb 22 Charles Blondin a French tightrope walker and acrobat.
Feb 23 Woldemar Bargiel a German composer.
Feb 25 Michael Bernays born in Hamburg. He studied first law and then literature at Bonn and Heidelberg
Mar 1 Jules de Burlet a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Mar 1 Milan Piroćanac a prominent Serbian statesman and politician, leader and founder of the Progressive party , and a Prime Minister of the Principality, later Kingdom of Serbia in the 19th century.
Mar 4 Alexandru Lahovary a member of the Romanian aristocracy, a politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of Justice, Minister of Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Property, Minister of Public Works and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kingdom of Romania.
Mar 5 Prince Louis Count of Aquila a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.
Mar 6 E. Cobham Brewer the compiler of Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, and The Reader's Handbook, Victorian reference works.
Mar 7 Gustav Adolph Kenngott a German mineralogist.
Mar 9 Sondre Norheim a Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing. Sondre Norheim is known as the father of Telemark skiing
Mar 9 Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani a political activist and Islamic ideologist in the Muslim world during the late 19th century, particularly in the Middle East, South Asia and Europe. One of the founders of Islamic Modernism and an advocate of Pan-Islamic unity, he has been described as "less interested in theology than he was in organizing a Muslim response to Western pressure."
Mar 10 Savitribai Phule an Indian social reformer. Along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she played an important role in improving women's rights in India during British rule. The couple founded the first women's school at Pune in 1848. She is considered a pioneer of modern Marathi poetry
Mar 10 Teodulo Mabellini an Italian composer.
Mar 11 Daniel Sanders (lexicographer) a German lexicographer of Jewish parentage. He is famous for lexicons and dictionaries
Mar 11 Henry Drummond (evangelist) a Scottish evangelist, writer and lecturer.
Mar 15 James Joseph Sylvester an English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory and combinatorics. He played a leadership role in American mathematics in the later half of the 19th century as a professor at the Johns Hopkins University and as founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. At his death, he was professor at Oxford
Mar 17 Vittorio Bottego an Italian army officer and one of the first Western explorers of Jubaland in the Horn of Africa , where he led two expeditions. Bottego was born in Parma. He was an Artillery captain in the Italian Army
Mar 19 Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie a French explorer, geographer, ethnologist, linguist and astronomer notable for his travels in Ethiopia during the first half of the 19th century. He was the older brother of Arnaud Michel d'Abbadie, with whom he traveled
Mar 19 Andrey Dostoyevsky a Russian architect, engineer, memoirist, building restorer, father of renowned histologist Alexander Dostoyevsky and a brother of famous writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Andrey was not as close with Fyodor as his elder brother Mikhail, but they were also friends. They corresponded throughout their lives. Andrey Dostoyevsky's Memoirs , first published in 1930, contain a lot of information on the early years of Fyodor Dostoyevsky's life. Memoirs covers the period of time from 1825 to 1871 and was written in the eight months between 1895—1896
Mar 20 Apollon Maykov a Russian poet, best known for his lyric verse, showcasing images of Russian villages, nature, and Russian history. His love for ancient Greece and Rome, which he studied for much of his life, is also reflected in his works. Maykov spent four years translating the epic The Tale of Igor's Campaign into the modern Russian, translated the folklore of Belarus, Greece, Serbia, Spain, as well as the works of Heine, Adam Mickiewicz and Goethe among others. Many of Maykov's poems were put to music by Rimsky-Korsakov and Tchaikovsky
Mar 21 Ādams Alksnis a Latvian painter.
Mar 23 Princess Sophie of the Netherlands the only daughter of King William II of the Netherlands and of his wife Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. She was heir presumptive to her niece, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, for seven years, from the death of her brother until her own death
Mar 27 Andreas Anagnostakis a Greek physician.
Mar 28 William R. Terry a businessman, politician, prison superintendent and a brigadier general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
Apr 3 Johannes Brahms a German composer and pianist. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. In his lifetime, Brahms's popularity and influence were considerable. He is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs", a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow
Apr 5 Jindřich Wankel Czech palaeontologist and archaeologist.
Apr 8 Heinrich von Stephan a general post director for the German Empire who reorganized the German postal service. He was integral in the founding of the Universal Postal Union in 1874, and in 1877 introduced the telephone to Germany
Apr 8 Vittore Benedetto Antonio Trevisan de Saint-Léon an Italian botanist who specialized in cryptogamic flora.
Apr 9 Friedrich Georg von Bunge a German legal historian. He was the older brother of botanist Alexander Bunge
Apr 9 Ivan Makarov a Russian portrait painter.