Born in 1898

Jan 1 Leopold Friedrich an Austrian weightlifter who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics. He won a bronze medal in the light-heavyweight class
Jan 1 Viktor Ullmann a Silesia-born Austrian composer, conductor and pianist of Jewish origin.
Jan 1 Valentine Penrose a French surrealist poet, author and collagist.
Jan 2 Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander one of the first African-American women to receive a PhD. in the United States, the first woman to receive a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, and the first national president of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated.
Jan 3 Charles Ackerly an American wrestler who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics. He was a 1920 graduate of Cornell University where he competed for the Cornell Big Red wrestling team under Coach Walter O'Connell. Ackerly was also a member of the Sphinx Head Society
Jan 3 Luís Carlos Prestes one of the organizers of the 1920s tenente revolts and the Communist opposition to the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas in Brazil.
Jan 3 Carlos Keller a far-right Chilean writer, historian, and political figure.
Jan 3 Carolyn Haywood an American author and illustrator from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Haywood published 47 children's books, most notably the series under the "Eddie" and "Betsy" titles
Jan 6 James Fitzmaurice (pilot) an Irish aviation pioneer. He was a member of the crew of the Bremen, which made the first successful Trans-Atlantic aircraft flight from East to West on 12–13 April 1928
Jan 6 Charles E. Pont a French-born Swiss-American artist and Baptist minister. Although his ministerial career was not particularly noteworthy, he was a prolific artist in many media including watercolor, printmaking, oil, pen and ink, and pencil. His framed art not only hangs in hundreds of private and public collections, but can also be found in many realms of graphic design, including book and magazine illustration, greeting cards, sign painting and calligraphy, murals, typographic design, and decorative papers. While his style evolved with the times in which he lived, and was particularly influenced by modernism in the 1930s, he is best known for the fine precision of his prints and the realism of his watercolors
Jan 6 Volodymyr Sosyura a Ukrainian lyric poet, writer, veteran of the Russian Civil War.
Jan 7 Al Bowlly a Mozambican born South African singer, songwriter, composer and band leader, who became a popular jazz crooner during the British dance band era of the 1930s and later worked in the United States. He recorded more than 1,000 records between 1927 and 1941. His most popular songs include "Midnight, the Stars and You", "Goodnight, Sweetheart", "The Very Thought of You", "Guilty" and "Love Is The Sweetest Thing"
Jan 9 Gracie Fields an English actress, singer and comedienne and star of both cinema and music hall. She spent the later part of her life on the isle of Capri, Italy. Fields was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for "services to entertainment" in 1938, and in 1979, seven months before her death, she was invested a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II
Jan 9 Wally Baker an American supercentenarian who was the oldest person ever from Delaware. She resided at Parkview Nursing home and Rehabilitation Center in Wilmington, Delaware. One of eight children, longevity runs in the Stiefel family. Her brother John lived to be 99, and sisters Emma and Anna lived to be 102 and 105, respectively
Jan 10 Katharine Burr Blodgett the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Cambridge in 1926. After receiving her master's degree, she was hired by General Electric, where she invented low-reflectance "invisible" glass
Jan 12 Jimmy Douglas (American soccer) a U.S. soccer goalkeeper who spent his career in the first American Soccer League. He earned nine caps with the U.S. national team, making his first appearance for the "Stars and Stripes" at the 1924 Summer Olympics. Notably, he finished his international career at the 1930 FIFA World Cup, where he posted the first "clean sheet" in World Cup history. Douglas was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 1953
Jan 13 Kaj Munk commemorated as a martyr in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 14 August, alongside Maximilian Kolbe.
Jan 13 Carlo Tagliabue an Italian baritone.
Jan 14 Kuzebay Gerd an Udmurt poet, a prose writer, a playwright, a public figure, a nationalist.
Jan 14 Carlos P. Romulo a Filipino diplomat, statesman, soldier, journalist and author. He was a reporter at 16, a newspaper editor by the age of 20, and a publisher at 32. He was a co-founder of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines, a general in the US Army and the Philippine Army, university president, President of the UN General Assembly, was eventually named one of the Philippines' National Artists in Literature, and was the recipient of many other honors and honorary degrees
Jan 15 Hermann Schulte-Heuthaus a highly decorated Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded to recognize extreme battlefield bravery and successful military leadership. Hermann Schulte-Heuthaus was captured by Allied troops and was held until 1947
Jan 16 Irving Rapper an England-born American film director.
Jan 16 Margaret Booth an American film editor.
Jan 18 Albert Kivikas an Estonian writer and journalist. He is best known as the author of the book "Names in Marble" , the subject of which is the Estonian War of Independence
Jan 20 U Razak a Burmese politician and an educationalist. He was a cabinet minister in Aung San's pre-independence interim government, and was assassinated on 19 July 1947 along with six other cabinet ministers. July 19 is commemorated each year as Martyrs' Day in Myanmar. Razak was Minister of Education and National Planning, and was chairman of the Burma Muslim Congress
Jan 21 Ágnes Esterházy a Hungarian film actress, who worked mainly in Austria. She appeared in 30 films between 1923 and 1943. She was born in Kolozsvár , Austria-Hungary and died in Budapest, Hungary
Jan 21 Ahmad Shah Qajar Shah of Persia from 16 July 1909, to 31 October 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.
Jan 21 Rudolph Maté a prolific Austro-Hungarian cinematographer, film director and film producer who worked as cameraman and cinematographer in Hungary, Austria, Germany, France and the United Kingdom, before moving to Hollywood in the mid 1930s.
Jan 21 Avery Claflin an American composer, although he studied law and business, later pursuing a career in banking. He served as president for the French American Banking Corp
Jan 22 Richard Wendler a high-ranking Nazi official during World War During the occupation of Poland he was the Governor of new District Lublin in the General Government, in charge of Lublin concentration camp and the creation of the Częstochowa Ghetto, among others. Before his deployment to Poland he was the mayor of the city Hof between 1933 to 1941 and became an SS-Gruppenführer in 1942 during the murderous Operation Reinhard. Wendler was Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler's brother-in-law. His sister was married to a brother of Himmler
Jan 22 Alexander Abramsky a Soviet composer. He was known for his adaptation of folk music within his compositions. He wrote numerous symphonic works, chamber music pieces, and one opera. His best-known work is his piano concerto which premiered in 1941
Jan 22 Ross Barnett the governor of Mississippi from 1960 to 1964. He was a prominent member of the Dixiecrats, Southern Democrats who supported racial segregation
Jan 22 Denise Legeay a French film actress whose popularity peaked during the silent film era of the 1920s.
Jan 23 Freda Utley an English scholar, political activist and best-selling author. After visiting the Soviet Union in 1927 as a trade union activist, she joined the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1928. Later, married and living in Moscow, she quickly became disillusioned with communism. When her Russian husband, Arcadi Berdichevsky, was arrested in 1936, she escaped to England with her young son. In 1939 they moved to the United States where she became a leading anti-Communist author and activist
Jan 23 Sergei Eisenstein a Soviet Russian film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike , Battleship Potemkin and October , as well as the historical epics Alexander Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible
Jan 23 Randolph Scott an American film actor whose career spanned from 1928 to 1962. As a leading man for all but the first three years of his cinematic career, Scott appeared in a variety of genres, including social dramas, crime dramas, comedies, musicals , adventure tales, war films, and a few horror and fantasy films. However, his most enduring image is that of the tall-in-the-saddle Western hero. Out of his more than 100 film appearances over 60 were in Westerns; thus, "of all the major stars whose name was associated with the Western, Scott most closely identified with it."
Jan 23 Alojzy Liguda venerated as a blessed martyr by the Society Of The Divine Word Missionaries.
Jan 23 Édouard Corniglion-Molinier an aviator and member of the French Resistance, a member of the French government during the French Fourth Republic, and, in the 1930-40s, a movie producer. He was a friend of Marcel Dassault and a cousin of Fred Vidal
Jan 24 Cliff Heathcote a center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Louis Cardinals, , Chicago Cubs , Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies. Heathcote batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Glen Rock, Pennsylvania
Jan 24 Karl Hermann Frank a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in Czechoslovakia prior to and during World War II and an SS-Obergruppenführer. He was executed by hanging after World War II for his role in organizing the massacres of the people of the Czech villages of Lidice and Ležáky
Jan 24 Ruth Munce an American romance novelist, mission teacher and founder of Keswick Christian School in Petersburg, Florida.
Jan 27 Erich Zepler a German-born electronics expert and chess problem composer.
Jan 28 Vittorio Rieti a Jewish-Italian composer. Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Rieti moved to Milan to study economics. He subsequently studied in Rome under Respighi and Casella, and lived there until 1940
Jan 28 Milan Konjović a prominent Serbian painter whose works can be divided into six periods of artistic style. He studied in many countries abroad and lived in Paris from 1924 to 1932. His long life's work earned him many recognitions as well as a place in the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Feb 1 Leila Denmark an American pediatrician. She was the world's oldest practicing pediatrician until her retirement in May 2001 at the age of 103. She was a supercentenarian, living to the age of 114 years, 60 days. On December 10, 2011, at age 113 years 312 days, she became one of the 100 oldest people ever. At her death she was the 4th-oldest verified living person in the world and the 3rd-oldest verified living person in the United States
Feb 2 Stanko Tavčar a Slovenian footballer and later a medical doctor.
Feb 2 Sreten Stojanović one of the most prominent Bosnian and Serbian sculptors of the 20th century.
Feb 3 Pavel Samuilovich Urysohn best known for his contributions in dimension theory, and for developing Urysohn's Metrization Theorem and Urysohn's Lemma, both of which are fundamental results in topology. His name is also commemorated in the terms Urysohn universal space, Fréchet–Urysohn space, Menger-Urysohn dimension and Urysohn integral equation. He and Pavel Alexandrov formulated the modern definition of compactness in 1923
Feb 3 Alvar Aalto a Finnish architect and designer, as well as a sculptor and painter. His work includes architecture, furniture, textiles and glassware. Aalto's early career runs in parallel with the rapid economic growth and industrialization of Finland during the first half of the twentieth century and many of his clients were industrialists; among these were the Ahlström-Gullichsen family. The span of his career, from the 1920s to the 1970s, is reflected in the styles of his work, ranging from Nordic Classicism of the early work, to a rational International Style Modernism during the 1930s to a more organic modernist style from the 1940s onwards. His furniture designs were considered Scandinavian Modern. What is typical for his entire career, however, is a concern for design as a Gesamtkunstwerk, a total work of art; whereby he – together with his first wife Aino Aalto – would design not just the building, but give special treatments to the interior surfaces and design furniture, lamps, and furnishings and glassware. The Alvar Aalto Museum, designed by Aalto himself, is located in what is regarded as his home city Jyväskylä
Feb 4 Harry Haywood a leading figure in both the Communist Party of the United States and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. His goal was to connect the political philosophy of the Communist Party with the issues of race. In 1926, he joined other African-American Communists and travelled to the Soviet Union to study the effect of Communism on racial issues found in the United States. His work there resulted in his selection to be the head of the Communist Party's Negro Department. The party platform changed by the late 1930s and began to stray away from advocating for African-American self-determination. As the party's platform changed over time, Haywood lost his stance within the party. His work also included creating a group to help the Scottsboro boys case. Haywood was also an author. His first book was Negro Liberation, published in 1948. After he was expelled from his affiliating party, he wrote an autobiography called Black Bolshevik, which was also published in 1978. He contributed major theory to Marxist thinking on the national question of African Americans in the United States. He was also a founder of the Maoist New Communist Movement