Died in 1898

Jan 3 Lawrence Sullivan Ross the 19th Governor of Texas , a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War, and a president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, now called Texas A&M University.
Jan 8 Alexandre Dubuque a 19th-century Russian pianist, composer and teacher of French descent.
Jan 8 Achille Empéraire a French painter.
Jan 10 Ivan Delyanov a Russian statesman of Armenian descent.
Jan 11 Erwin Rohde one of the great German classical scholars of the 19th century.
Jan 12 Mary Cowden Clarke an English author. She was the eldest daughter of Vincent Novello. In 1828, she married her brother Alfred's business partner, Charles Cowden Clarke, and worked with him on Shakespeare studies
Jan 12 Jean Jules Linden a Belgian botanist and explorer, horticulturist and businessman, specialising in orchids, on which subject he wrote a number of books.
Jan 14 Lewis Carroll an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, which includes the poem Jabberwocky, and the poem The Hunting of the Snark, all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy. There are societies in many parts of the world dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life
Jan 16 Antoine François Marmontel a French pianist, teacher and musicographer.
Jan 16 Charles Pelham Villiers a British lawyer and politician from the Villiers family who sat in the House of Commons from 1835 to 1898, making him the longest-serving Member of Parliament.
Jan 18 Henry Liddell still used by students of Greek. Lewis Carroll wrote Alice's Adventures in Wonderland for Henry Liddell's daughter Alice
Jan 20 Kosta Abrašević a Serbian proletarian poet.
Jan 20 Jules-Émile Péan one of the great French surgeons of the 19th century.
Jan 21 Nathan Kimball a physician, politician, postmaster, and military officer, serving as a general in the Union army during the American Civil War. He was the first statewide commander of the Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization in Indiana
Jan 22 Wilhelm Mayer (composer) an Austro-Bohemian composer who published his works under the name A. Rémy. He was also a noted teacher, whose pupils included Ferruccio Busoni and Felix Weingartner. His name sometimes appears as Wilhelm Mayer-Rémy
Jan 23 Oliver B. Shallenberger an American engineer and inventor.
Jan 25 Frederick Dobson Middleton a British general noted for his service throughout the Empire and particularly in the North-West Rebellion.
Jan 30 Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue 1st Baron Carlingford a British Liberal politician of the 19th century.
Feb 1 Paul de Ladmirault a French general active in the French conquest of Algeria and during the wars of the Second French Empire.
Feb 6 Rudolf Leuckart a German zoologist born in Helmstedt. He was a nephew to naturalist Friedrich Sigismund Leuckart
Feb 6 Leopold Loeffler a Polish realist painter of the late Romantic period popular in the second half of the 19th century under the foreign partitions of Poland. Lithographic reproductions of his paintings were widely distributed among the members of the Kraków and Warsaw art societies, and frequently reprinted in popular periodicals owing to their historical references to Polish national uprisings and battlefronts, as well as their great attention to period detail
Feb 7 Adolfo Farsari an Italian photographer based in Yokohama, Japan. Following a brief military career, including service in the American Civil War, he became a successful entrepreneur and commercial photographer. His photographic work was highly regarded, particularly his hand-coloured portraits and landscapes, which he sold mostly to foreign residents and visitors to the country. Farsari's images were widely distributed, presented or mentioned in books and periodicals, and sometimes recreated by artists in other media; they shaped foreign perceptions of the people and places of Japan and to some degree affected how Japanese saw themselves and their country. His studio, the last notable foreign-owned studio in Japan, was one of the country's largest and most prolific commercial photographic firms. Largely due to Farsari's exacting technical standards and his entrepreneurial abilities it had a significant influence on the development of photography in Japan
Feb 7 John Reily Knox an American attorney who was the principal founder of Beta Theta Pi Fraternity at Miami University in 1839.
Feb 9 James Harden-Hickey a Franco-American author, newspaper editor, duellist, adventurer and self-proclaimed Prince of Trinidad.
Feb 12 Miklós Barabás a Hungarian painter. He is mostly known for his portrait paintings, including a famous portrait of a young Franz Liszt done in 1847 and an 1853 portrait of Emperor Franz Joseph I
Feb 16 Thomas Bracken a noted late 19th-century poet. He wrote "God Defend New Zealand", one of the two National anthems of New Zealand and was the first person to publish the phrase "God's Own Country" as applied to New Zealand. He also won the Otago Caledonian Society’s prize for poetry
Feb 22 Constantin Stamati-Ciurea a Romanian writer and translator from Bessarabia. The son of Constantin Stamati, he followed in his father's footsteps as an author of prose, plays, and translations. He served as diplomat at Russia's embassies in Paris, Berlin, and London
Feb 22 Heungseon Daewongun the title of Li Ha-eung, regent of Joseon during the minority of King Gojong in the 1860s and until his death a key political figure of late Joseon Korea.
Feb 27 William B. Taliaferro a United States Army officer, a lawyer, legislator, and Confederate general in the American Civil War.
Feb 28 Fyodor Pirotsky a Ukrainian-born Russian engineer and inventor of the world's first railway electrification system and electric tram. While the commercialization of his inventions in Russia was relatively slow, Pirotsky is known to met with Carl Heinrich von Siemens and to influence the Siemens's eventual introduction of the first regular electric tram line
Mar 1 George Bruce Malleson an English officer in India and an author, born in Wimbledon.
Mar 6 Felice Cavallotti an Italian politician, poet and dramatic author.
Mar 6 Andrei Alexandrovich Popov an officer of the Imperial Russian Navy, who saw action during the Crimean War, and became a noted naval designer.
Mar 8 Edward Lloyd Thomas a Confederate infantry general during the American Civil War from the state of Georgia. He was an uncle to famed American Old West lawman Heck Thomas who helped bring down the Doolin Dalton Gang
Mar 8 Thomas Kirk (botanist) an English-born botanist, teacher, public servant, writer and churchman who moved to New Zealand with his wife and four children in late 1862. The New Zealand government commissioned him in 1884 to compile a report on the indigenous forests of the country and appointed him as chief conservator of forests the following year. He published 130 papers in botany and plants including The Durability of New Zealand Timbers, The Forest Flora of New Zealand and Students' Flora of New Zealand
Mar 8 Peter Hansborough Bell an American military officer and politician who served as the third Governor of Texas and represented the state for two terms in the United States House of Representatives.
Mar 10 George Müller a Christian evangelist and Director of the Ashley Down orphanage in Bristol, England, cared for 10,024 orphans in his life. He was well known for providing an education to the children under his care, to the point where he was accused of raising the poor above their natural station in life. He also established 117 schools which offered Christian education to over 120,000 children, many of them being orphans
Mar 10 Marie-Eugénie de Jésus Saint Marie-Eugénie de Jésus. R.A., born Anne-Eugénie Milleret de Brou, was a Catholic religious sister who founded the religious congregation of the Religious of the Assumption in 1839
Mar 11 William Rosecrans an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer. He gained fame for his role as a Union general during the American Civil War. He was the victor at prominent Western Theater battles, but his military career was effectively ended following his disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863
Mar 11 Dikran Tchouhadjian an Armenian composer, conductor, public activist and the founder of the first opera institution in the Ottoman Empire. He is considered the first opera composer in Turkish history
Mar 12 Johann Jakob Balmer a Swiss mathematician and mathematical physicist.
Mar 15 Benjamin Mountfort an English emigrant to New Zealand, where he became one of that country's most prominent 19th century architects. He was instrumental in shaping the city of Christchurch's unique architectural identity and culture, and was appointed the first official Provincial Architect of the developing province of Canterbury. Heavily influenced by the Anglo-Catholic philosophy behind early Victorian architecture, he is credited with importing the Gothic revival style to New Zealand. His Gothic designs constructed in both wood and stone in the province are considered unique to New Zealand. Today, he is considered the founding architect of the province of Canterbury
Mar 15 Julius Schulhoff a Bohemian pianist and composer of Jewish birth.
Mar 15 Henry Bessemer an English engineer, inventor, and businessman. Bessemer's name is chiefly known in connection with the Bessemer process for the manufacture of steel
Mar 16 Aubrey Beardsley an English illustrator and author. His drawings in black ink, influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts, emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, and the erotic. He was a leading figure in the Aesthetic movement which also included Oscar Wilde and James McNeill Whistler. Beardsley's contribution to the development of the Art Nouveau and poster styles was significant, despite the brevity of his career before his early death from tuberculosis
Mar 18 Matilda Joslyn Gage a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was "born with a hatred of oppression".
Mar 20 Ivan Shishkin a Russian landscape painter closely associated with the Peredvizhniki movement.
Mar 25 Nikolay Shilder a Russian painter.
Mar 27 Princess Francisca of Brazil a princess of the Empire of Brazil. She was a daughter of Emperor Dom Pedro I, who also reigned as King Dom Pedro IV of Portugal, and his first wife Dona Maria Leopoldina. She married a son of Louis Philippe I and had three children. Through her only surviving daughter, she is an ancestor of Prince Henri, Count of Paris, the present Orléanist pretender to the French throne
Mar 27 Syed Ahmad Khan an Anglo-Indian Muslim philosopher, pragmatist, and social activist of nineteenth century India. In 1842, Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar–II conferred upon Sir Syed the title of Javad-ud Daulah, conferred upon Sir Syed's grandfather Syed Hadi by Emperor Shah Alam II around the middle of the 18th century