Born in 1899

Jan 1 Elazar Shach a leading Lithuanian-born and educated Haredi rabbi in Bnei Brak, Israel. He also served as one of three co-deans of the Ponevezh yeshiva in Bnei Brak along with Rabbis Shmuel Rozovsky and Dovid Povarsky
Jan 2 Ceclava Czapska a Romanov impostor who claimed to be the Grand Duchess Maria, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, the last autocratic ruler of Imperial Russia, and his wife Tsarina Alexandra.
Jan 2 Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski a German Army officer and panzer ace. Oppeln-Bronikowski fought during World War I and World War At the 1936 Summer Olympics he won the Gold Medal in the team Dressage. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 2 Holger Norman-Hansen a Danish chess master.
Jan 3 Karl Diebitsch an artist and soldier responsible for much of the Third Reich SS regalia, including the chained SS officer's dagger scabbard. Diebitsch worked with graphic designer Walter Heck to design the notorious all-black SS uniform. Also with his business partner, industrialist Franz Nagy, Diebitsch began the production of art porcelain at the factory Porzellan Manufaktur Allach
Jan 3 Pyotr Grigoryev a Soviet football player.
Jan 4 Alfred Sohn-Rethel a Marxian economist and philosopher especially interested in epistemology. He also wrote about the relationship between German industry and National Socialism
Jan 6 Sophie Carmen Eckhardt-Gramatté a Russian-born Canadian composer and virtuoso pianist and violinist.
Jan 6 Heinrich Nordhoff a German engineer famous for his leadership of the Volkswagen company as it was rebuilt after World War II.
Jan 6 Phyllis Haver an American actress of the silent film era.
Jan 7 Francis Poulenc a French composer and pianist. His compositions include mélodies, solo piano works, chamber music, choral pieces, operas, ballets, and orchestral concert music. Among the best-known are the piano suite Trois mouvements perpétuels , the ballet Les biches , the Concert champêtre for harpsichord and orchestra, the opera Dialogues des Carmélites , and the Gloria for soprano, choir and orchestra
Jan 8 Julian Leszczyński leader of the Stalinist faction in the Communist Party of Poland , led the party in the 1930s, and himself fell victim to Stalin's Great Purge.
Jan 8 S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike frequently referred to as S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, was the fourth Prime Minister of Ceylon , serving from 1956 until his assassination by a Buddhist monk in 1959
Jan 8 Sherman Adams an American politician, best known as White House Chief of Staff for President Dwight Eisenhower, the culmination of an 18-year political career that also included a stint as Governor of New Hampshire. He lost his White House position in a scandal over a vicuña fur coat
Jan 9 Harald Tammer a journalist, athlete and weightlifting World Champion and Olympic bronze medalist from Tallinn, Estonia.
Jan 9 Apollon Skalkowski Polish: Apollo Skalkowski; race. 1 January 1808 Zhytomyr - December 28, 1898 - Russian and Ukrainian scientist, historian Ukrainian, writer and publisher and the father of a journalist, theater and ballet critic Constantine Skalkovsky
Jan 10 Szolem Mandelbrojt a Jewish-Polish mathematician. He worked mainly in classical analysis; he was a student of Jacques Hadamard, and became Hadamard's successor as Professor at the Collège de France
Jan 10 Daniel Guilet a French, and later, American, classical violinist, best known for being the founder of the Beaux Arts Trio.
Jan 10 Justas Paleckis a Lithuanian journalist and politician. He was acting president of Lithuania after the Soviet invasion while Lithuania was still ostensibly independent, in office from 17 June – 3 August 1940. He then remained as the nominal head of state of the Lithuanian SSR until 1967
Jan 11 Eva Le Gallienne an English theatrical actress, producer and director during the first half of the 20th century.
Jan 12 Paul Hermann Müller a Swiss chemist who received the 1948 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine for his 1939 discovery of insecticidal qualities and use of DDT in the control of vector diseases such as malaria and yellow fever.
Jan 12 Josef Wagner (Gauleiter) from 1928 the Nazi Gauleiter of the Gau of Westphalia-South, and as of January 1935 also of the Gau of Silesia.
Jan 12 Pierre Bernac a French baryton-martin who became the most renowned interpreter of the French art song, and had a close artistic association with Francis Poulenc.
Jan 13 Lev Kuleshov a Soviet filmmaker and film theorist who taught at and helped establish the world's first film school, the Moscow Film School.
Jan 13 Vasily Korzh a Belarusian communist activist and Soviet World War II hero.
Jan 14 Fritz Bayerlein an officer in the German Army during the Second World War. He served as the operations officer for a number of significant units, most prominently with Erwin Rommel in the Afrika Korps. On his return to Europe he was made divisional commander for the 3rd Panzer Division, and later the Panzer Lehr Division. In the closing stages of the war he commanded the LIII Army Corps. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 15 Louis Guilloux a French writer born in Saint-Brieuc, Brittany, where he lived throughout his life. He is known for his Social Realist novels describing working class life and political struggles in the mid-twentieth century. His best-known book is Le Sang noir , which has been described as a "prefiguration of Sartre's La Nausée."
Jan 15 Satoshi Akao an extreme-right Japanese politician who formerly served as a member of the House of Representatives of Japan. He has also been called "Akao Bin" as a nickname. He had poor health in his childhood. He was interested in utopian philosophy
Jan 15 Goodman Ace an American humourist, radio writer and comedian, television writer, and magazine columnist.
Jan 16 Max Simon a German SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS during World War II, who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Simon was a private in the Prussian Army during World War I and was one of the first members of the SS in the early 1930s. He would rise through the ranks of the SS, and become a Corps commander during World War At the end of the war he was captured by the Allies and put on trial for war crimes
Jan 17 Robert Maynard Hutchins an American educational philosopher, dean of Yale Law School , and president and chancellor of the University of Chicago. He was the husband of novelist Maude Hutchins. Although his father and grandfather were both Presbyterian ministers, Hutchins became one of the most influential members of the school of secular perennialism
Jan 17 Nevil Shute a British novelist and aeronautical engineer. He used his full name in his engineering career, and Nevil Shute as his pen name, to protect his engineering career from any potential negative publicity in connection with his novels
Jan 17 André Matsoua a Congolese Lari religious figure and politician born in Manzakala-Kinkala in then Middle Congo, a rare influential figure in Congolese politics before independence in 1960. He inspired a messianic cult, Matsouanism, that emerged in the French Equatorial African capital, Brazzaville. However, he had more influence after his death than during his life
Jan 17 Al Capone an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33 years old
Jan 18 Princess Marie Melita of Hohenlohe-Langenburg the Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein as the wife of Wilhelm Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein. She was the eldest daughter of Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and his wife Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Jan 19 Mikhail Sushkov (footballer) a Russian footballer, playing as a striker or midfielder, and soccer coach.
Jan 20 Clarice Cliff an English ceramic artist active from 1922 to 1963. She began as an apprentice potter. By reason of her talent and ability, she became a ceramic artist, becoming the head of the factory artistic department. She also produced strictly artistic ceramics and became popular with the public and royalty alike
Jan 20 Armas Toivonen a Finnish athlete who mainly competed in the men's marathon during his career.
Jan 20 Kenjiro Takayanagi a Japanese pioneer in the development of television. Although he failed to gain much recognition in the West, he built the world's first all-electronic television receiver, and is referred to as "the father of Japanese television"
Jan 21 Alexander Tcherepnin a Russian-born composer and pianist. His father, Nikolai Tcherepnin was also a composer, as were his sons, Serge Tcherepnin and Ivan Tcherepnin and two of his grandsons , Sergei and Stefan. His son Serge was involved in the roots of electronic music and instruments. His mother was a member of the artistic Benois family, a niece of Alexandre Benois
Jan 21 John Bodkin Adams an Irish general practitioner, convicted fraudster and suspected serial killer. Between 1946 and 1956, more than 160 of his patients died in suspicious circumstances. Of these, 132 left him money or items in their wills. He was tried and acquitted for the murder of one patient in 1957. Another count of murder was withdrawn by the prosecution in what was later described as "an abuse of process" by the presiding judge Patrick Devlin, causing questions to be asked in parliament about the prosecution's handling of events. The trial was featured in headlines around the world and was described at the time as "one of the greatest murder trials of all time" and "murder trial of the century". It was also described at the time as "unique" because, in the words of the judge, "the act of murder" had "to be proved by expert evidence."
Jan 22 Martti Haavio a Finnish poet, folklorist and mythologist, writing poetry under the pen name Mustapää. He was born on 22 January 1899 in Temmes, and died 4 February 1973. He was also a professor of folklore and an influential researcher of Finnish mythology. In 1960, Haavio married Aale Tynni, after his first wife died in 1951 of cancer. During Haavio's early career, he was a member of the Tulenkantajat literature club
Jan 23 Carlo Betocchi an Italian writer.
Jan 23 Glen Kidston an English record-breaking aviator and motor racing driver.
Jan 24 Hoyt Vandenberg a U.S. Air Force general, its second Chief of Staff, and second Director of Central Intelligence
Jan 25 Sleepy John Estes an American blues guitarist, songwriter and vocalist, born in Ripley, Lauderdale County, Tennessee.
Jan 25 Paul-Henri Spaak a Belgian socialist politician and statesman, who served as Prime Minister of Belgium , as the first President of the United Nations General Assembly , as the first President of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community , as the first President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, then called the Consultative Assembly , and as the second Secretary General of NATO. He received the Charlemagne Prize in 1957 and the 1978–1979 academic year at the College of Europe was named in his honour
Jan 27 Alexander Orlov (artist) a Russian artist.
Jan 27 Béla Guttmann a Jewish Hungarian footballer and coach. He played as a midfielder for MTK Hungária FC, SC Hakoah Wien, Hungary and several clubs in the United States. However he is perhaps best remembered as a coach and manager of some the world's leading football teams, including AC Milan, São Paulo FC, FC Porto, Benfica and C.A. Peñarol. His greatest success came with Benfica when he guided them to two successive European Cup wins in 1961 and in 1962
Jan 27 Maria Gorczyńska a Polish stage and film actress. She appeared in fifteen films between 1924 and 1952