Died in 1899

Jan 4 Édouard Hervé a French journalist, historian and politician.
Jan 10 Albert Becker (composer) a German composer and conductor of the Romantic period.
Jan 12 Hiram Walker an American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Walker was born in East Douglas, Massachusetts, and moved to Detroit in 1838. He purchased land across the Detroit River, just east of what is Windsor, Ontario, and established a distillery in 1858 in what would become Walkerville, Ontario. Walker began selling his whisky as Hiram Walker's Club Whisky, in containers that were "clearly marked" and he utilized a process to make his whisky that was vastly different from all other distillers. It became very popular, angering American distillers, who forced the U.S. Government to pass a law requiring that all foreign whiskeys state their country of origin on the label. From this point forward, Hiram Walker's famous Canadian Club Whisky was Canada's top export whisky. He established and maintained the company town that grew around his distillery, exercising planning and control over every facet of the town, from public works to religious services to police and fire control
Jan 14 Nubar Pasha an Egyptian-Armenian politician and the first Prime Minister of Egypt. He served as Prime Minister three times during his career. His first term was between August 1878 and February 23, 1879. His second term was served from January 10, 1884 to June 9, 1888. His final term was between April 16, 1894 and November 12, 1895
Jan 15 Serafino Dubois an Italian chess player. He was known for his writings on the game and for his promotion of chess in Italy
Jan 16 Charles Chiniquy a Canadian Catholic priest who became a Presbyterian pastor.
Jan 18 Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus a German zoologist. He was an opponent of the ideas of Ernst Haeckel
Jan 22 Mikhail Annenkov a Russian nobleman, author, military officer, and renowned engineer. An important figure in the history of the Russian conquest of Turkestan in the 19th Century, he was Governor-General of the Transcaspian Region
Jan 25 Adolphe d'Ennery a French Jewish dramatist and novelist.
Jan 25 Thomas Hincks a British Unitarian minister and a naturalist known for his work on zoophytes and bryozoa.
Jan 28 George S. Greene a civil engineer and a Union general during the American Civil War. He was part of the Greene family of Rhode Island, which had a distinguished military record for the United States. He first served in the Army from 1823 to 1836 after graduating second from his class at West Point. As a civilian, he was a founder of the American Society of Civil Engineers and Architects and was responsible for numerous railroads and aqueduct construction projects in the northeastern United States
Jan 29 Alfred Sisley an Impressionist landscape painter who was born and spent most of his life in France, but retained British citizenship. He was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscape en plein air. He deviated into figure painting only rarely and, unlike Renoir and Pissarro, found that Impressionism fulfilled his artistic needs
Jan 29 Alexey Andreyevich Khovansky a publisher of the first Russian scientific linguistic journal Filologicheskie Zapiski. He published this magazine on his own expenses and headed it for 40 years. In recognition of his contributions to Russian language he became a Knight of the Order of Anna and the Order of Vladimir
Jan 31 Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma the eldest daughter of Robert I, the last reigning Duke of Parma. She became Princess-consort of Bulgaria upon her marriage to Ferdinand of Bulgaria, the then prince-regnant. She was the mother of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria
Feb 2 Halfdan Egedius a Norwegian painter and illustrator.
Feb 3 Geert Adriaans Boomgaard accepted by most demographic scholars as the first validated supercentenarian case on record. However, some may view him as the second internationally recognized supercentenarian in the world after the disputed case of his fellow countryman Thomas Peters was moved into the Guinness Book main tables in the early 1990s
Feb 3 Juliusz Kossak a Polish historical painter and master illustrator who specialized in battle scenes, military portraits and horses. He was the progenitor of an artistic family that spanned four generations, father of painter Wojciech Kossak and grandfather of painter Jerzy Kossak
Feb 6 Leo von Caprivi a German general and statesman who succeeded Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany. Caprivi served as German Chancellor from March 1890 to October 1894. Caprivi promoted industrial and commercial development, and concluded numerous bilateral treaties for reduction of tariff barriers. However, this movement toward free trade angered the conservative agrarian interests, especially the Junkers. He promised the Catholic Center party educational reforms that would increase their influence, but failed to deliver. As part of Kaiser Wilhelm's "new course" in foreign policy, Caprivi abandoned Bismarck's military, economic, and ideological cooperation with Russia, and was unable to forge a close relationship with Britain. He successfully promoted the reorganization of the German military
Feb 6 Alfred Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha the only son and heir apparent of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, later Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Feb 9 Karl Müller (bryologist) a German bryologist born in Allstedt.
Feb 10 William Colenso a Cornish Christian missionary to New Zealand, and also a printer, botanist, explorer and politician.
Feb 12 Adile Sultan an Ottoman princess, a female Diwan poet, and a philanthropist. She was the daughter of Sultan Mahmud II and sister of the Sultans Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz
Feb 16 Félix Faure President of France from 1895 until his death.
Feb 18 Sophus Lie a Norwegian mathematician. He largely created the theory of continuous symmetry and applied it to the study of geometry and differential equations
Feb 18 Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1844–1899) fifth child and second-eldest daughter of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Through her marriage to Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany, Maria Immaculata became an Archduchess of Austria and a Princess of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. She was a Dame of the Star Cross Order
Feb 20 Ernst Philipp Karl Lange a German novelist who wrote under the pseudonym Philipp Galen.
Feb 21 George Bowen a British author and colonial administrator whose appointments included postings to the Ionian Islands, Queensland, New Zealand, Victoria, Mauritius and Hong Kong.
Feb 23 Gaëtan de Rochebouët a French general who served as Prime Minister for less than a month in late 1877.
Feb 24 Emil Welti a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Feb 25 Paul Reuter a journalist and media owner, and the founder of the Reuters news agency, since 2008 part of the Thomson Reuters conglomerate.
Feb 26 Count Johann Bernhard von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen an Austrian statesman.
Mar 3 William P. Sprague a businessman, banker, politician, and a two-term U.S. Representative from Ohio
Mar 6 Kaʻiulani heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii and held the title of Crown Princess. Kaʻiulani became known throughout the world for her intelligence, beauty and determination. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, she visited the United States to help restore the Kingdom. Although reluctant to participate in politics, she made many speeches and public appearances denouncing the overthrow of her government and the injustice toward her people. In Washington, D.C, she paid an informal visit to U.S. President Grover Cleveland and his wife, but her efforts could not prevent eventual annexation
Mar 11 Mór Than a Hungarian painter.
Mar 12 Julius Vogel the eighth Premier of New Zealand. His administration is best remembered for the issuing of bonds to fund railway construction and other public works. He remains the only practising Jewish prime minister of New Zealand. Historian Warwick Armstrong assesses Vogel's strengths and weaknesses:
Mar 14 Émile Erckmann a French writer, strongly associated with the region of Alsace-Lorraine. Almost all of his works were written jointly with Alexandre Chatrian under the name Erckmann-Chatrian
Mar 14 Heymann Steinthal a German philologist and philosopher.
Mar 14 Ludwig Bamberger a German economist, politician and writer.
Mar 16 Joseph Medill an American newspaper editor, publisher, and politician. He was co-owner and managing editor of the Chicago Tribune, and was Mayor of Chicago
Mar 18 Othniel Charles Marsh an American paleontologist. Marsh was one of the preeminent scientists in the field; the discovery or description of dozens of new species and theories on the origins of birds are among his legacies
Mar 19 Charles Victor Naudin a French naturalist and botanist.
Mar 20 Franz Ritter von Hauer an Austrian geologist.
Mar 20 Martha M. Place the first woman to die in the electric chair. She was executed on March 20, 1899 at Sing Sing Correctional Facility for the murder of her stepdaughter Ida Place
Mar 22 Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner a British orientalist.
Mar 24 Gustav Heinrich Wiedemann a German physicist known mostly for his literary work.
Mar 27 Myles Birket Foster a popular English illustrator, watercolour artist and engraver in the Victorian period. His name is also to be found as Myles Birkett Foster
Apr 1 Leonard Marconi a Polish and Austro-Hungarian architect and sculptor. He was active chiefly at Warsaw, then in Galicia, notably at Lwów
Apr 6 Alvan Wentworth Chapman an American physician and pioneering botanist in the study of flora of the American south east.:50 He wrote Flora of the Southern United States, the first comprehensive description of US plants in any region beyond the northeastern states. Allen is a leader in the fields of hierarchy theory, systems theory, and complexity
Apr 9 Stephen Johnson Field an American jurist. He was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from March 10, 1863, to December 1, 1897. Prior to this, he was the 5th Chief Justice of California
Apr 11 Monier Monier-Williams the second Boden Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University, England. He studied, documented and taught Asian languages, especially Sanskrit, Persian and Hindustani