Born in 1901

Jan 1 Martin Unrein a general officer of the German Army during the Second World War.
Jan 1 Kazimierz Makarczyk a Polish chess master.
Jan 1 Walter Künneth a German Protestant theologian. During the Nazi era, he was part of the Confessing Church, and in the 1960s took part in the debate around the demands of Rudolf Bultmann to 'de-mythologize' the New Testament as an advocate of a word-oriented interpretation of the Bible. The Walter Künneth Prize is named after him
Jan 1 Eugenie Gershoy an American sculptor and watercolorist.
Jan 2 Bob Marshall (wilderness activist) an American forester, writer and wilderness activist. The son of Louis Marshall, a wealthy constitutional lawyer and conservationist, and his wife, Bob Marshall developed a love for the outdoors as a young child. A consummate hiker and climber, he visited the Adirondack Mountains frequently during his youth, ultimately becoming one of the first Adirondack Forty-Sixers. He also traveled to the Alaskan wilderness and wrote numerous articles and books, including the bestselling 1933 book Arctic Village
Jan 3 Ngo Dinh Diem the first president of South Vietnam. In the wake of the French withdrawal from Indochina as a result of the 1954 Geneva Accords, Diệm led the effort to create the Republic of Vietnam. Accruing considerable US support due to his staunch anti-communism, he announced victory after a fraudulent 1955 plebiscite in which he won 600,000 votes from an electorate of 450,000 and began building a right-wing dictatorship in South Vietnam
Jan 3 Cyril of Bulgaria the first Patriarch of the restored Bulgarian Patriarchate.
Jan 3 Friedrich Alpers a German Nazi politician, and SS leader. He was also a Minister of the Free State of Brunswick, and Minister for Forestry. Friedrich was responsible for numerous war crimes in Brunswick. Alpers committed suicide in 1944, while in US captivity
Jan 4 Rodolphe Meyer de Schauensee an American ornithologist.
Jan 4 C. L. R. James Cyril Lionel Robert James , best known as L. James, who sometimes wrote under the pen-name R. Johnson, was an Afro-Trinidadian historian, journalist, socialist theorist and essayist. His works are influential in various theoretical, social, and historiographical contexts. His work is a staple of subaltern studies, and he figures as a pioneering and influential voice in postcolonial literature. A tireless political activist, James's writing on the Communist International stirred debate in Trotskyist circles, and his history of the Haitian Revolution, The Black Jacobins, is a seminal text in the literature of the African Diaspora
Jan 4 Dmitri Bystrolyotov a Russian intelligence officer, a sailor and painter, a doctor and lawyer, a traveler and polyglot, a writer and a Gulag prisoner. One of the most outstanding Soviet undercover operatives, Bystrolyotov acted in Western Europe in the period between the great wars, recruiting and controlling several important agents in Great Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. His greatest achievement was breaking into the British Foreign Office files years before Kim Philby, as well as procuring diplomatic ciphers of scores of European countries. Despite his personal courage and heroism, he fell victim of Joseph Stalin's purges of the 1930s. Arrested by the NKVD on drummed up charges, he was severely tortured and turned into an invalid. Serving his term, he spent over 16 years in various Gulag camps. There, at great risk to himself, he wrote and smuggled to the outside world his voluminous memoirs, an indictment of Communist Party of the Soviet Union's crimes against humanity
Jan 9 Ishmon Bracey an American blues singer and guitarist from Mississippi, considered one of the most important early delta blues performers. With Tommy Johnson, he was the center of a small Jackson, Mississippi group of blues musicians in the 1920s. His name is incorrectly spelled "Ishman" on almost all of his records and in most older sources
Jan 9 Chic Young an American cartoonist who created the popular, long-running comic strip Blondie. His 1919 William McKinley High School Yearbook cites his nickname as Chicken, source of his familiar pen name and signature. According to King Features Syndicate, Young had a daily readership of 52 million. Stan Drake, who drew Blondie in the 1980s and 1990s, stated that Young "has to go down in history as one of the geniuses of the industry."
Jan 9 Maria Chmurkowska a Polish film actress. She appeared in ten films between 1934 and 1967
Jan 9 Samuel Zauber a Romanian association football player who was on the Romanian national football team for the first ever FIFA World Cup in 1930. Since 1964 he lived in Jerusalem, in Israel
Jan 9 Vilma Bánky a Hungarian-born American silent film actress, although the early part of her acting career began in Budapest, spreading to France, Austria, and Germany. Banky was best known for her roles in The Eagle and The Son of the Sheik with Rudolph Valentino and several romantic teamings with Ronald Colman
Jan 10 Henning von Tresckow a Generalmajor in the German Wehrmacht who organized German resistance against Adolf Hitler. He attempted to assassinate Hitler in March 1943 and drafted the Valkyrie plan for a coup against the German government. He was described by the Gestapo as the "prime mover" and the "evil spirit" behind the July 20 plot to assassinate Hitler. He committed suicide on the Eastern Front upon the plot's failure
Jan 10 Pauline Starke an American silent-film actress born in Joplin, Missouri.
Jan 11 Joachim Ernst Duke of Anhalt the last ruler of the Duchy of Anhalt.
Jan 11 Kwon Ki-ok the first Korean female aviator, as well as being the first female pilot in China.
Jan 12 Pedro Benítez (goalkeeper) a Paraguayan football goalkeeper. In 1930, he played the FIFA World Cup in Uruguay, for the Paraguayan team. In 1932, he played 9 matches in the Club Atlético Atlanta, on the Argentinian First League. Curiosly, this club, in these year, was contracted a complete team of Paraguayan footballers
Jan 12 Karl Künstler a German SS-Obersturmbannführer and commandant of Flossenbürg concentration camp.
Jan 13 A. B. Guthrie Jr. an American novelist, screenwriter, historian, and literary historian who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction during 1950 for his novel The Way West. The author called himself "Bud" because he felt that Alfred Bertram was "a sissy name."
Jan 13 Mieczysław Żywczyński a Polish historian and priest. He was a professor of John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. The researcher of Church's history and general history
Jan 14 Hinrich Schuldt a German Waffen-SS officer and a posthumous recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He was killed in action by an anti-tank shell
Jan 14 Bebe Daniels an American actress, singer, dancer, writer and producer.
Jan 14 Alfred Tarski a Polish logician, mathematician and philosopher. Educated at the University of Warsaw and a member of the Lwów–Warsaw school of logic and the Warsaw school of mathematics and philosophy, he emigrated to the USA in 1939 where he became a naturalized citizen in 1945, and taught and carried out research in mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley from 1942 until his death
Jan 16 Laura Riding an American poet, critic, novelist, essayist and short story writer.
Jan 16 Frank Zamboni the modern ice resurfacer, with his surname being registered as a trademark for these resurfacers.
Jan 16 Fulgencio Batista the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the Cuban Revolution.
Jan 17 Hryhorii Epik a Ukrainian writer and journalist. He supported the Soviet Ukrainization during the 1920s which probably led to his arrest and execution during the Great Purge in the 1930s
Jan 17 Georgy Ushakov a Soviet explorer of the Arctic, Doctor of Geographic Sciences.
Jan 17 Rudolf Mansfeld a German botanist and agricultural scientist.
Jan 17 Aron Gurwitsch a Litvak American phenomenologist. He was a student of Moritz Geiger, among others
Jan 18 Ivan Petrovsky a Soviet mathematician working mainly in the field of partial differential equations. He greatly contributed to the solution of Hilbert's 19th and 16th problems, and discovered what are now called Petrovsky lacunas. He also worked on the theories of boundary value problems, probability, and on the topology of algebraic curves and surfaces
Jan 19 Pyotr Shafranov a Soviet Colonel-General and Hero of the Soviet Union. He was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow
Jan 19 Daniel-Rops Henri Petiot.
Jan 20 Karl Gilg a German chess International Master from Czechoslovakia.
Jan 21 Ricardo Zamora a Spanish footballer and manager. He played as a goalkeeper for, among others, RCD Espanyol, FC Barcelona and Real Madrid. As an international he played for both the Catalan XI and Spain. As a manager he won two La Liga titles with Atlético Aviación and briefly managed Spain
Jan 22 Alberto Hurtado Saint Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, S.J. popularly known in Chile as Padre Hurtado , was a Chilean Jesuit priest, lawyer, social worker and writer of Basque origin, founder of the Hogar de Cristo foundation. He was canonized on October 23, 2005, by Pope Benedict XVI, becoming his country's second saint
Jan 22 Hans Erich Apostel a German-born Austrian composer of classical music.
Jan 23 Arthur Wirtz a powerful figure in sports and arena operation. He was the owner of Chicago Stadium, the Bismarck Hotel in Chicago, the Chicago Black Hawks, and the Chicago Bulls. He was the father of the late Black Hawks owner Bill Wirtz, and grandfather of current Blackhawks owner Rocky Wirtz
Jan 24 Mikhail Romm a Soviet film director.
Jan 24 Cassandre (1901–1968) None
Jan 24 Edward Turner a British motorcycle designer. He was born in Camberwell in the London Borough of Southwark, on the day King Edward VII was proclaimed King. In 1915, Turner had his first ride on a motorcycle, a Light Tourist New Imperial
Jan 24 Harry Calder perhaps the most unlikely cricketer ever to be named as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year, one of the game's top honours.
Jan 25 Itzhak Stern a man of Jewish faith who worked for German industrialist Oskar Schindler. He was the accountant for Schindler's enamelware company in Kraków and greatly helped run the business. He is credited with typing the list of names known as Schindler's list, a list of Jews who survived the Holocaust because of Oskar Schindler's efforts
Jan 25 Mildred Dunnock an American theater, film and television actress.
Jan 25 Pablo Antonio a Filipino architect. A pioneer of modern Philippine architecture, he was recognized in some quarters as the foremost Filipino modernist architect of his time. He was conferred the rank and title of National Artist of the Philippines by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1976
Jan 25 Martín de Álzaga (racing driver) an Argentine racecar driver.