Died in 1901

Jan 1 Ignatius L. Donnelly a U.S. Congressman, populist writer and amateur scientist, known primarily now for his theories concerning Atlantis, Catastrophism , and Shakespearean authorship, which many modern historians consider to be pseudoscience and pseudohistory. Brother to Eleanor Donnelly, Donnelly's work corresponds to the writings of late 19th and early 20th century figures such as Helena Blavatsky, Rudolf Steiner, and James Churchward and has more recently influenced writer Graham Hancock. The concept of Atlantis as an antediluvian civilization became the inspiration for the 1969 pop song hit Atlantis by Donovan and the 2009 film 2012 by Roland Emmerich
Jan 1 Alexander Nikolaevich Deutsch a Soviet astronomer who worked at Pulkovo Observatory.
Jan 4 Nikolaos Gyzis considered one of Greece's most important 19th-century painters. He was most famous for his work Eros and the Painter, his first genre painting. It was auctioned in May 2006 at Bonhams in London, being last exhibited in Greece in 1928. He was the major representative of the so-called "Munich School", the major 19th-century Greek art movement
Jan 5 Charles Alexander Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach the ruler of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach from 1853 until his death.
Jan 7 Jacob Georg Agardh a Swedish botanist, phycologist, and taxonomist.
Jan 8 John Barry (VC) an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 8 Max Schmidt a German landscape painter.
Jan 9 Santos Acosta a Colombian General and political figure. He served as the president of Colombia from 1867 until 1868
Jan 9 Richard Copley Christie an English lawyer, University teacher, philanthropist and bibliophile.
Jan 10 James Robert Dickson an Australian politician and businessman, the 13th Premier of Queensland and a member of the first federal ministry.
Jan 11 Vasily Kalinnikov a Russian composer of two symphonies, several additional orchestral works and numerous songs, all of them imbued with characteristics of folksong. His symphonies, particularly the First, were frequently performed in the early 20th century
Jan 13 Gaspard Adolphe Chatin a French physician, mycologist and botanist who was born in Isère, and died in Les Essarts-le-Roi. He was the first to prove that goiter was related of iodine deficiencies
Jan 14 Víctor Balaguer i Cirera born at Barcelona on 11 December 1824, and was educated at the university of his native city.
Jan 14 Charles Hermite a French mathematician who did research on number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra.
Jan 14 Mandell Creighton a British historian and a bishop of the Church of England. A scholar of the Renaissance papacy, Creighton was the first occupant of the Dixie Chair of Ecclesiastical History at the University of Cambridge, a professorship established around the time that history was emerging as an independent academic discipline. He was also the first editor of the English Historical Review, the oldest English language academic journal in the field of history. Creighton had a second career as a cleric in the Church of England. He served as a parish priest in Embleton, Northumberland and later, successively, as the Bishop of Peterborough and the Bishop of London. His moderation and worldliness drew praise from Queen Victoria and won notice from politicians. It was widely thought at the time that Creighton would have become the Archbishop of Canterbury had his early death, at age 57, not supervened
Jan 16 Arnold Böcklin a Swiss symbolist painter.
Jan 16 Hiram Rhodes Revels a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church , and a Republican politician. He was the first African American to serve in the United States Senate, and in the U.S. Congress overall. He represented Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during Reconstruction
Jan 16 Jules Barbier a French poet, writer and opera librettist who often wrote in collaboration with Michel Carré. He was a noted Parisian bon vivant and man of letters
Jan 17 Frederic W. H. Myers a poet, classicist, philologist, and a founder of the Society for Psychical Research. Myers' work on psychical research and his ideas about a "subliminal self" have not been accepted by the scientific community
Jan 19 Albert 4th duc de Broglie a French monarchist politician.
Jan 20 Zénobe Gramme a Belgian electrical engineer. He was born at Jehay-Bodegnée on 4 April 1826, the sixth child of Mathieu-Joseph Gramme, and died at Bois-Colombes on 20 January 1901. He invented the Gramme machine, a type of direct current dynamo capable of generating smoother and much higher voltages than the dynamos known to that point
Jan 21 Elisha Gray an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. Gray is best known for his development of a telephone prototype in 1876 in Highland Park, Illinois. He is considered by some to be the true inventor of the variable resistance telephone, despite losing out to Alexander Graham Bell for the telephone patent
Jan 22 Queen Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India
Jan 24 Eugène de Pousargues a French zoologist born in Saint-Omer.
Jan 27 Giuseppe Verdi an Italian Romantic composer primarily known for his operas. He is considered, together with Richard Wagner, the preeminent opera composer of the nineteenth century
Jan 28 Iosif Gurko a Russian field marshal prominent during the Russo-Turkish War.
Jan 29 Julius Zeyer a Czech prose writer, poet, and playwright.
Jan 31 Peter Andreas Blix a Norwegian architect and engineer best known for designing railway stations and villas in Swiss chalet style. He was also occupied with the conservation of Norwegian stave churches and the construction of canals in 19th century Norway
Feb 2 Marko Miljanov a Montenegrin general, clan chief and writer. He entered the service of Danilo I, the first Prince of Montenegro, and led his armed Kuči clan against the Ottoman Empire in the wars of 1861-1862 and 1876-1878, distinguishing himself as an able military leader. He had unified his clan with Montenegro in 1874. There was later a rift between Miljanov and Prince Nikola He was also an accomplished writer who gained repute for his descriptions of Montenegrin society
Feb 3 Fukuzawa Yukichi a Japanese author, Enlightenment writer, teacher, translator, entrepreneur and journalist who founded Keio University, the newspaper Jiji-Shinpo and the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases. He was an early Japanese civil rights activist and liberal ideologist. His ideas about government and social institutions made a lasting impression on a rapidly changing Japan during the Meiji Era. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern Japan. He is called a Japanese Voltaire
Feb 4 Svetozar Miletić an advocate, journalist, author, politician, mayor of Novi Sad, and the political leader of Serbs in Vojvodina.
Feb 10 Max Joseph von Pettenkofer born in Lichtenheim, near Neuburg an der Donau, now part of Weichering. He was a nephew of Franz Xaver , who from 1823 was surgeon and apothecary to the Bavarian court and was the author of some chemical investigations on the vegetable alkaloids. He attended the Wilhelmsgymnasium, at Munich, then studied pharmacy and medicine the Ludwig Maximilian University, where he graduated M.D. in 1845. After working under Liebig at Gießen, Pettenkofer was appointed chemist to the Munich mint in 1845. Two years later he was chosen as extraordinary professor of chemistry in the medical faculty, in 1853 he was made a full professor, and in 1865 he became also professor of hygiene
Feb 10 Giovanni Andrea Scartazzini a Protestant pastor and Italian-Swiss literary critic, best known for having translated into German and commented upon the Divine Comedy and the life of its author, Dante Alighieri.
Feb 11 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio a Spanish realist poet and philosopher.
Feb 11 Milan I of Serbia the ruler of Serbia from 1868 to 1889, first as prince and as king.
Feb 14 Edward Stafford (politician) Sir Edward Stafford GCMG served as the third Premier of New Zealand on three occasions in the mid 19th century. His total time in office is the longest of any leader without a political party. He is described as pragmatic, logical, and clear-sighted
Feb 17 Ethelbert Nevin an American pianist and composer.
Feb 22 George Francis FitzGerald an Irish professor of "natural and experimental philosophy" at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland, during the last quarter of the 19th century. He is known for his work in electromagnetic theory and for the Lorentz–FitzGerald contraction, which became an integral part of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity. The FitzGerald crater on the far side of the Moon is named for him. The FitzGerald Building at Trinity College, Dublin is named after him
Feb 25 Wojciech Gerson a leading Polish painter of mid-19th century, and one of the foremost representatives of the Polish school of Realism during the foreign Partitions of Poland. He served as long-time professor of the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw, and taught future luminaries of Polish neo-romanticism including Józef Chełmoński, Leon Wyczółkowski, Władysław Podkowiński, Józef Pankiewicz and Anna Bilińska-Bohdanowiczowa among others. He also wrote art-reviews and published a book of anatomy for the artists. A large number of his artwork has been stolen by Nazi Germany in World War II, and never recovered
Feb 28 William M. Evarts an American lawyer and statesman who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of author, editor, and Indian removal opponent Jeremiah Evarts, and the grandson of Declaration of Independence signer Roger Sherman
Feb 28 Pavel Pereleshin a Russian admiral and general.
Mar 2 George Mercer Dawson a Canadian scientist and surveyor. He was born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, the eldest son of Sir John William Dawson, Principal of McGill University and his wife, Lady Margaret Dawson. By age 11, he was afflicted with tuberculosis of the spine that resulted in a deformed back and stunted his growth. However, his physical limitations did not deter Dawson from becoming one of Canada's greatest scientists
Mar 3 George Gilman Francis Gilman founded The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company. A native of Waterville, Maine, he moved to Manhattan when he joined his father's leather tanning business. By age 30, he had his own leather business in New York. After his father died, Gilman decided to enter the more respectable tea and coffee business and started what would ultimately become A&P
Mar 5 Friedrich Karl Biedermann a German professor, politician, and publisher who greatly aided the Liberal movement in Germany during the process of German Unification.
Mar 8 Aleksander Gierymski a Polish painter of the late 19th century. He was the younger brother of Maksymilian Gierymski
Mar 8 Peter Benoit a Flemish composer of Belgian nationality.
Mar 13 Benjamin Harrison the 23rd President of the United States ; he was the grandson of the ninth President, William Henry Harrison. Harrison had become a prominent local attorney, Presbyterian church leader and politician in Indianapolis, Indiana. During the American Civil War, he served the Union for most of the war as a colonel and on February 14, 1865 was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as a brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from January 23, 1865. Afterwards, he unsuccessfully ran for the governorship of Indiana but was later elected to the U.S. Senate by the Indiana legislature
Mar 13 Princess Januária of Brazil a Brazilian princess and Portuguese infanta. She was the second daughter of Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal and his wife Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria
Mar 15 Nikolay Bogolepov a Russian jurist and Minister of National Enlightenment, assassinated by a Socialist-Revolutionary activist.
Mar 19 Philippe Gille a French dramatist and opera librettist, who was born and died in Paris. He wrote over twenty librettos between 1857 and 1893, the most famous of which are Massenet's Manon and Delibes' Lakmé. Gille was elected to the Académie des beaux-arts in 1899