1901 events in history

Jan 1 Nigeria becomes a British protectorate
Jan 1 The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister
Jan 10 The first great Texas oil gusher is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas
Jan 22 Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria
Feb 2 Funeral of Queen Victoria
Feb 15 The association football club Alianza Lima is founded in Lima, Peru, under the name Sport Alianza
Feb 20 The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time
Feb 25 J. P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation
Mar 1 The Australian Army is formed
Mar 2 The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment limiting the autonomy of Cuba, as a condition of the withdrawal of American troops
Mar 23 Emilio Aguinaldo, only President of the First Philippine Republic, was captured at Palanan, Isabela by forces of General Frederick Funston
Mar 31 1901 Black Sea earthquake
Apr 25 New York becomes the first U.S. state to require automobile license plates. Anzac Beach – Australian and New Zealand forces invade Turkey
May 1 The Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York
May 3 The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, Florida
May 8 The Australian Labour Party is established
May 9 Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne
May 24 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
Jun 11 New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands
Jun 17 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
Jul 24 O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank
Aug 5 Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11.75 in (7.6137 m). The record will stand for 20 years
Aug 6 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation
Aug 10 The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins
Aug 14 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21
Aug 28 Silliman University is founded in the Philippines. The first American private school in the country
Sep 2 Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair
Sep 6 Leon Czolgosz, an unemployed anarchist, shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York
Sep 7 The Boxer Rebellion in Qing dynasty China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol
Sep 14 President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt
Sep 28 Philippine–American War: Filipino guerrillas kill more than forty American soldiers while losing 28 of their own, in a surprise attack in the town of Balangiga on Samar Island
Oct 12 President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the "Executive Mansion" to the White House
Oct 24 Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls, in a barrel
Oct 29 In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine
Oct 29 Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution
Nov 1 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity, is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Virginia
Nov 8 Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek
Nov 13 The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster
Nov 27 The U.S. Army War College is established
Dec 3 In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt asks Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits"
Dec 10 The first Nobel Prizes are awarded
Dec 12 Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter "S" in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland