Born in 1903

Jan 1 Juan Atilio Bramuglia an Argentine labor lawyer who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs during the administration of President Juan Perón.
Jan 1 Alvin R. Dyer an apostle in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and served as a member of the church's First Presidency from 1968 to 1970.
Jan 2 Petr Mikhailovich Stefanovskiy a Soviet test pilot. During the German-Soviet War, he was in charge of forming special fighter squadrons composed of Soviet test pilots and flew combat missions protecting the airspace above Moscow. He was promoted to Major General in 1944 and was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union in 1948
Jan 3 Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army general) a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.
Jan 3 Alexander Bek a Soviet novelist and writer.
Jan 4 Johann Georg Elser a German carpenter who planned and carried out an elaborate assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi leaders, on 8 November 1939 at the Bürgerbräukeller in Munich. He was held without trial as a special prisoner of Adolf Hitler for over five years until executed in Dachau concentration camp
Jan 4 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés the President of Honduras from 7 June 1971 to 4 December 1972.
Jan 5 Harold Gatty an Australian navigator and aviation pioneer. Charles Lindbergh called Gatty the "Prince of Navigators." In 1931, Gatty served as navigator, along with pilot Wiley Post, on the flight which set the record for aerial circumnavigation of the world, flying a distance of 15,747 miles in a Lockheed Vega named the Winnie Mae, in 8 days, 15 hours and 51 minutes
Jan 6 Maurice Abravanel an American conductor of classical music. He is remembered as the conductor of the Utah Symphony Orchestra for over 30 years
Jan 6 Francis L. Sullivan an English film and stage actor. He attended Stonyhurst, the Jesuit public school in Lancashire, England, whose alumni include Charles Laughton and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Jan 7 Alan Napier a British actor. After a decade in West End theatres, he had a long film career first in Britain and then in Hollywood. But Napier finally became widely known for portraying Alfred the butler in the 1960s live-action Batman television series
Jan 7 Antanas Sniečkus First Secretary of the Lithuanian Communist Party from August 1940 to January 22, 1974.
Jan 7 Ioannis Despotopoulos a Greek architect born in Smyrna , Aidin Vilayet, Ottoman Empire.
Jan 10 Barbara Hepworth an English artist and sculptor. Her work exemplifies Modernism and in particular modern sculpture. She was "one of the few women artists to achieve international prominence." Along with artists such as Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo, Hepworth was a leading figure in the colony of artists who resided in Ives during the Second World War
Jan 10 Flaminio Bertoni an automobile designer from the years preceding World War II until his death in 1964. Before his work in industrial design, Bertoni was a sculptor. Working at Citroën for decades, Bertoni designed the Traction Avant , 2CV, the H van, the DS, and the Ami 6. The DS was often exhibited at industrial design showcases, such as the 1957 Milan Triennial Exposition
Jan 10 Violet Wilkey an American child actor who appeared in films over a four-year period during the early silent film era.
Jan 10 Voldemar Väli a two-time Olympic medalist for Estonia in Greco-Roman wrestling.
Jan 11 Mikhail Stakhurskii a Soviet Lieutenant General and the head of several regional party committees in the Ukrainian SSR.
Jan 11 Alan Paton a South African author and anti-apartheid activist.
Jan 12 Igor Kurchatov widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project. Along with Georgy Flyorov and Andrei Sakharov, Kurchatov is widely remembered and dubbed as the "father of the Soviet atomic bomb" for his directorial role in the development of the Soviet nuclear program, in a clandestine program during World War II formed in the wake of the USSR's discovery of the Western Allied efforts to develop nuclear weapons. After nine years of covert development, the Soviet Union successfully tested its first nuclear weapon, codenamed First Lightning at the Semipalatinsk Test Range in 1949. In 1954 he was awarded the USSR State Prize in physics
Jan 13 Irena Jurgielewiczowa a Polish teacher and writer of children's literature and young adult literature. During World War II she was an underground teacher, member of Armia Krajowa, and participant of the Warsaw Uprising. After the war she was a lecturer at the University of Warsaw
Jan 13 Vasyl Velychkovsky a priest, and later bishop, of Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church.
Jan 15 Paul A. Dever a Democratic politician from Boston, Massachusetts. He served as the 58th Governor of Massachusetts
Jan 16 David Shaltiel an Israeli military and intelligence officer, later also diplomat, and was most well known for being the district commander of the Haganah in Jerusalem during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.
Jan 16 Pierre-Henri Simon a French intellectual, literary historian, essayist, novelist, poet and literary critic. He won the Prix Eve Delacroix in 1963
Jan 16 William Grover-Williams a Grand Prix motor racing driver and special agent who worked for the Special Operations Executive inside France. He organized and coordinated the Chestnut network. He was captured and killed by the Nazis
Jan 17 Warren Hull an American actor and television personality, active from the 1930s through the 1960s. He was one of the most popular serial actors in the action-adventure field
Jan 18 Kathleen Shaw a British figure skater. She was born in Barton-upon-Irwell, Lancashire and was the 1926 World bronze medalist. She represented Great Britain at the 1924 Winter Olympics, where she placed 7th, and at the 1928 Winter Olympics, where she placed 14th. She won the inaugural British Figure Skating Championships in 1927
Jan 19 Ervin Nyiregyházi a Hungarian-born American pianist. After several years on the concert stage in the 1920s, he descended into relative obscurity, briefly reemerging in the 1970s
Jan 19 Dyre Vaa a Norwegian sculptor and painter.
Jan 19 Boris Blacher a German composer and librettist.
Jan 19 Gino Pollini an Italian architect.
Jan 22 Fritz Houtermans a Dutch-Austrian-German atomic and nuclear physicist born in Zoppot near Danzig, West Prussia. Houtermans made important contributions to geochemistry and cosmochemistry
Jan 23 Grigori Aleksandrov a prominent Soviet film director who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1947 and a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1973. He was awarded the Stalin Prizes for 1941 and 1950
Jan 23 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán a politician, a leader of a populist movement in Colombia, a former Education Minister and Labor Minister , mayor of Bogotá and one of the most charismatic leaders of the Liberal Party.
Jan 27 Otto P. Weyland an Air Force General, and the post-World War II Commander of Far East Air Forces during the Korean War and of Tactical Air Command.
Jan 27 John Eccles (neurophysiologist) an Australian neurophysiologist who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the synapse. He shared the prize with Andrew Huxley and Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Jan 28 Yuliy Meitus a distinguished Ukrainian composer, considered the founder of the Ukrainian Soviet opera. His early style was modernistic, later he used more traditional neo-Romantic idioms
Jan 28 Tany Youne a soviet actress and writer. She was one of the first Chuvash film actresses and an outstanding figure of the Chuvash national culture. She was a member of the Union of writers of the USSR
Jan 28 Aleksander Kamiński a Polish school teacher, form tutor, author of Polish Cub Scout and Brownie method, writer, historian, Scoutmaster , and during the occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany, wartime resistance leader under the codenames: Kamyk, Dąbrowski, Dąbrowski, Fabrykant, Faktor, Juliusz Górecki, Hubert, Kaźmierczak.
Jan 29 Yeshayahu Leibowitz an Israeli public intellectual, professor of Biochemistry, Organic chemistry and Neurophysiology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a polymath known for his outspoken opinions on Judaism, ethics, religion and politics.
Jan 30 G. Evelyn Hutchinson born January 30, 1903 in Cambridge, England. He contributed for more than sixty years to the fields of limnology, systems ecology, radiation ecology, entomology, genetics, biogeochemistry, a mathematical theory of population growth, art history, philosophy, religion, and anthropology. He worked on the passage of phosphorus through lakes, the chemistry and biology of lakes, the theory of interspecific competition, and on insect taxonomy and genetics, zoo-geography and African water bugs. He earned his degree in Zoology from Cambridge University but chose not to earn a doctorate, of which he came to be proud as he aged. Although born in England, he spent nearly his entire professional life at Yale University with his focus on working with graduate students. He is known as one of the first to combine ecology with mathematics. He became an international expert on lakes and wrote a four-volume Treatise on Limnology in 1957
Jan 30 Slatan Dudow a Bulgarian born film director and screenwriter who made a number of films during the Weimar Republic and in East Germany.
Jan 31 Ivar Johansson a Swedish wrestler who competed in the 1932 Summer Olympics and in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Feb 1 Franciska Gaal a Jewish Hungarian cabaret artist who had a brief career in films.
Feb 1 Nikolai Belyaev a Soviet politician. Between 1955 and 1958 he was a Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Feb 1 Friedrich Panzinger a German Nazi SS-Oberführer. He served as the head of SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt Amt IV A, from September 1943 to May 1944 the commanding officer of Einsatzgruppe A in the Baltic States and Belarus, and from 15 August 1944 as chief of RSHA Amt V, the Kriminalpolizei , also known as the Reichskriminalpolizeiamt. After the war he was a member of the Bundesnachrichtendienst. He committed suicide after being arrested for war crimes
Feb 2 Eugen Kogon a historian and a survivor of the Holocaust. A well-known Christian opponent of the Nazi Party, he was arrested more than once and spent six years at Buchenwald concentration camp. Kogon was known in Germany as a journalist, sociologist, political scientist, author, and politician. He was considered one of the "intellectual fathers" of the Federal Republic of Germany and European integration in Germany
Feb 2 Karl Duncker a Gestalt psychologist. He attended Friedrich-Wilhelms-University from 1923 to 1923, spent 1925–1926 at Clark University in Worcester, MA as a visiting professor, where he received a masters in arts degree. Until 1935 he was a student and assistant of the founders of Gestalt psychology in Berlin: Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler and Kurt Koffka. In 1935, exiled by the Nazis, he got an assistantship in Cambridge with Frederic Charles Bartlett and later emigrated to the USA where he was again an assistant of Wolfgang Köhler’s at Swarthmore College. He committed suicide in 1940 at 37 years of age. He had been suffering from depression for some time and had received professional treatment
Feb 2 Hughie Gallacher a Scottish football player in the 1920s and 1930s. In 624 senior games, Gallacher scored 463 times